Merge remote-tracking branch 'remotes/kraxel/tags/seabios-20200702-pull-request'...
[qemu.git] / dump / dump.c
1 /*
2 * QEMU dump
3 *
4 * Copyright Fujitsu, Corp. 2011, 2012
5 *
6 * Authors:
7 * Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
8 *
9 * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
10 * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
11 *
12 */
13
14 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
15 #include "qemu-common.h"
16 #include "qemu/cutils.h"
17 #include "elf.h"
18 #include "cpu.h"
19 #include "exec/hwaddr.h"
20 #include "monitor/monitor.h"
21 #include "sysemu/kvm.h"
22 #include "sysemu/dump.h"
23 #include "sysemu/memory_mapping.h"
24 #include "sysemu/runstate.h"
25 #include "sysemu/cpus.h"
26 #include "qapi/error.h"
27 #include "qapi/qapi-commands-dump.h"
28 #include "qapi/qapi-events-dump.h"
29 #include "qapi/qmp/qerror.h"
30 #include "qemu/error-report.h"
31 #include "qemu/main-loop.h"
32 #include "hw/misc/vmcoreinfo.h"
33
34 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
35 #include "win_dump.h"
36 #endif
37
38 #include <zlib.h>
39 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
40 #include <lzo/lzo1x.h>
41 #endif
42 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
43 #include <snappy-c.h>
44 #endif
45 #ifndef ELF_MACHINE_UNAME
46 #define ELF_MACHINE_UNAME "Unknown"
47 #endif
48
49 #define MAX_GUEST_NOTE_SIZE (1 << 20) /* 1MB should be enough */
50
51 #define ELF_NOTE_SIZE(hdr_size, name_size, desc_size) \
52 ((DIV_ROUND_UP((hdr_size), 4) + \
53 DIV_ROUND_UP((name_size), 4) + \
54 DIV_ROUND_UP((desc_size), 4)) * 4)
55
56 uint16_t cpu_to_dump16(DumpState *s, uint16_t val)
57 {
58 if (s->dump_info.d_endian == ELFDATA2LSB) {
59 val = cpu_to_le16(val);
60 } else {
61 val = cpu_to_be16(val);
62 }
63
64 return val;
65 }
66
67 uint32_t cpu_to_dump32(DumpState *s, uint32_t val)
68 {
69 if (s->dump_info.d_endian == ELFDATA2LSB) {
70 val = cpu_to_le32(val);
71 } else {
72 val = cpu_to_be32(val);
73 }
74
75 return val;
76 }
77
78 uint64_t cpu_to_dump64(DumpState *s, uint64_t val)
79 {
80 if (s->dump_info.d_endian == ELFDATA2LSB) {
81 val = cpu_to_le64(val);
82 } else {
83 val = cpu_to_be64(val);
84 }
85
86 return val;
87 }
88
89 static int dump_cleanup(DumpState *s)
90 {
91 guest_phys_blocks_free(&s->guest_phys_blocks);
92 memory_mapping_list_free(&s->list);
93 close(s->fd);
94 g_free(s->guest_note);
95 s->guest_note = NULL;
96 if (s->resume) {
97 if (s->detached) {
98 qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
99 }
100 vm_start();
101 if (s->detached) {
102 qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
103 }
104 }
105
106 return 0;
107 }
108
109 static int fd_write_vmcore(const void *buf, size_t size, void *opaque)
110 {
111 DumpState *s = opaque;
112 size_t written_size;
113
114 written_size = qemu_write_full(s->fd, buf, size);
115 if (written_size != size) {
116 return -errno;
117 }
118
119 return 0;
120 }
121
122 static void write_elf64_header(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
123 {
124 Elf64_Ehdr elf_header;
125 int ret;
126
127 memset(&elf_header, 0, sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr));
128 memcpy(&elf_header, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
129 elf_header.e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELFCLASS64;
130 elf_header.e_ident[EI_DATA] = s->dump_info.d_endian;
131 elf_header.e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
132 elf_header.e_type = cpu_to_dump16(s, ET_CORE);
133 elf_header.e_machine = cpu_to_dump16(s, s->dump_info.d_machine);
134 elf_header.e_version = cpu_to_dump32(s, EV_CURRENT);
135 elf_header.e_ehsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(elf_header));
136 elf_header.e_phoff = cpu_to_dump64(s, sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr));
137 elf_header.e_phentsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(Elf64_Phdr));
138 elf_header.e_phnum = cpu_to_dump16(s, s->phdr_num);
139 if (s->have_section) {
140 uint64_t shoff = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr) + sizeof(Elf64_Phdr) * s->sh_info;
141
142 elf_header.e_shoff = cpu_to_dump64(s, shoff);
143 elf_header.e_shentsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(Elf64_Shdr));
144 elf_header.e_shnum = cpu_to_dump16(s, 1);
145 }
146
147 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&elf_header, sizeof(elf_header), s);
148 if (ret < 0) {
149 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "dump: failed to write elf header");
150 }
151 }
152
153 static void write_elf32_header(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
154 {
155 Elf32_Ehdr elf_header;
156 int ret;
157
158 memset(&elf_header, 0, sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr));
159 memcpy(&elf_header, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
160 elf_header.e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELFCLASS32;
161 elf_header.e_ident[EI_DATA] = s->dump_info.d_endian;
162 elf_header.e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
163 elf_header.e_type = cpu_to_dump16(s, ET_CORE);
164 elf_header.e_machine = cpu_to_dump16(s, s->dump_info.d_machine);
165 elf_header.e_version = cpu_to_dump32(s, EV_CURRENT);
166 elf_header.e_ehsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(elf_header));
167 elf_header.e_phoff = cpu_to_dump32(s, sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr));
168 elf_header.e_phentsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(Elf32_Phdr));
169 elf_header.e_phnum = cpu_to_dump16(s, s->phdr_num);
170 if (s->have_section) {
171 uint32_t shoff = sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr) + sizeof(Elf32_Phdr) * s->sh_info;
172
173 elf_header.e_shoff = cpu_to_dump32(s, shoff);
174 elf_header.e_shentsize = cpu_to_dump16(s, sizeof(Elf32_Shdr));
175 elf_header.e_shnum = cpu_to_dump16(s, 1);
176 }
177
178 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&elf_header, sizeof(elf_header), s);
179 if (ret < 0) {
180 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "dump: failed to write elf header");
181 }
182 }
183
184 static void write_elf64_load(DumpState *s, MemoryMapping *memory_mapping,
185 int phdr_index, hwaddr offset,
186 hwaddr filesz, Error **errp)
187 {
188 Elf64_Phdr phdr;
189 int ret;
190
191 memset(&phdr, 0, sizeof(Elf64_Phdr));
192 phdr.p_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, PT_LOAD);
193 phdr.p_offset = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset);
194 phdr.p_paddr = cpu_to_dump64(s, memory_mapping->phys_addr);
195 phdr.p_filesz = cpu_to_dump64(s, filesz);
196 phdr.p_memsz = cpu_to_dump64(s, memory_mapping->length);
197 phdr.p_vaddr = cpu_to_dump64(s, memory_mapping->virt_addr) ?: phdr.p_paddr;
198
199 assert(memory_mapping->length >= filesz);
200
201 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&phdr, sizeof(Elf64_Phdr), s);
202 if (ret < 0) {
203 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
204 "dump: failed to write program header table");
205 }
206 }
207
208 static void write_elf32_load(DumpState *s, MemoryMapping *memory_mapping,
209 int phdr_index, hwaddr offset,
210 hwaddr filesz, Error **errp)
211 {
212 Elf32_Phdr phdr;
213 int ret;
214
215 memset(&phdr, 0, sizeof(Elf32_Phdr));
216 phdr.p_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, PT_LOAD);
217 phdr.p_offset = cpu_to_dump32(s, offset);
218 phdr.p_paddr = cpu_to_dump32(s, memory_mapping->phys_addr);
219 phdr.p_filesz = cpu_to_dump32(s, filesz);
220 phdr.p_memsz = cpu_to_dump32(s, memory_mapping->length);
221 phdr.p_vaddr =
222 cpu_to_dump32(s, memory_mapping->virt_addr) ?: phdr.p_paddr;
223
224 assert(memory_mapping->length >= filesz);
225
226 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&phdr, sizeof(Elf32_Phdr), s);
227 if (ret < 0) {
228 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
229 "dump: failed to write program header table");
230 }
231 }
232
233 static void write_elf64_note(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
234 {
235 Elf64_Phdr phdr;
236 hwaddr begin = s->memory_offset - s->note_size;
237 int ret;
238
239 memset(&phdr, 0, sizeof(Elf64_Phdr));
240 phdr.p_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, PT_NOTE);
241 phdr.p_offset = cpu_to_dump64(s, begin);
242 phdr.p_paddr = 0;
243 phdr.p_filesz = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->note_size);
244 phdr.p_memsz = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->note_size);
245 phdr.p_vaddr = 0;
246
247 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&phdr, sizeof(Elf64_Phdr), s);
248 if (ret < 0) {
249 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
250 "dump: failed to write program header table");
251 }
252 }
253
254 static inline int cpu_index(CPUState *cpu)
255 {
256 return cpu->cpu_index + 1;
257 }
258
259 static void write_guest_note(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, DumpState *s,
260 Error **errp)
261 {
262 int ret;
263
264 if (s->guest_note) {
265 ret = f(s->guest_note, s->guest_note_size, s);
266 if (ret < 0) {
267 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write guest note");
268 }
269 }
270 }
271
272 static void write_elf64_notes(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, DumpState *s,
273 Error **errp)
274 {
275 CPUState *cpu;
276 int ret;
277 int id;
278
279 CPU_FOREACH(cpu) {
280 id = cpu_index(cpu);
281 ret = cpu_write_elf64_note(f, cpu, id, s);
282 if (ret < 0) {
283 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write elf notes");
284 return;
285 }
286 }
287
288 CPU_FOREACH(cpu) {
289 ret = cpu_write_elf64_qemunote(f, cpu, s);
290 if (ret < 0) {
291 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write CPU status");
292 return;
293 }
294 }
295
296 write_guest_note(f, s, errp);
297 }
298
299 static void write_elf32_note(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
300 {
301 hwaddr begin = s->memory_offset - s->note_size;
302 Elf32_Phdr phdr;
303 int ret;
304
305 memset(&phdr, 0, sizeof(Elf32_Phdr));
306 phdr.p_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, PT_NOTE);
307 phdr.p_offset = cpu_to_dump32(s, begin);
308 phdr.p_paddr = 0;
309 phdr.p_filesz = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->note_size);
310 phdr.p_memsz = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->note_size);
311 phdr.p_vaddr = 0;
312
313 ret = fd_write_vmcore(&phdr, sizeof(Elf32_Phdr), s);
314 if (ret < 0) {
315 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
316 "dump: failed to write program header table");
317 }
318 }
319
320 static void write_elf32_notes(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, DumpState *s,
321 Error **errp)
322 {
323 CPUState *cpu;
324 int ret;
325 int id;
326
327 CPU_FOREACH(cpu) {
328 id = cpu_index(cpu);
329 ret = cpu_write_elf32_note(f, cpu, id, s);
330 if (ret < 0) {
331 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write elf notes");
332 return;
333 }
334 }
335
336 CPU_FOREACH(cpu) {
337 ret = cpu_write_elf32_qemunote(f, cpu, s);
338 if (ret < 0) {
339 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write CPU status");
340 return;
341 }
342 }
343
344 write_guest_note(f, s, errp);
345 }
346
347 static void write_elf_section(DumpState *s, int type, Error **errp)
348 {
349 Elf32_Shdr shdr32;
350 Elf64_Shdr shdr64;
351 int shdr_size;
352 void *shdr;
353 int ret;
354
355 if (type == 0) {
356 shdr_size = sizeof(Elf32_Shdr);
357 memset(&shdr32, 0, shdr_size);
358 shdr32.sh_info = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->sh_info);
359 shdr = &shdr32;
360 } else {
361 shdr_size = sizeof(Elf64_Shdr);
362 memset(&shdr64, 0, shdr_size);
363 shdr64.sh_info = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->sh_info);
364 shdr = &shdr64;
365 }
366
367 ret = fd_write_vmcore(shdr, shdr_size, s);
368 if (ret < 0) {
369 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret,
370 "dump: failed to write section header table");
371 }
372 }
373
374 static void write_data(DumpState *s, void *buf, int length, Error **errp)
375 {
376 int ret;
377
378 ret = fd_write_vmcore(buf, length, s);
379 if (ret < 0) {
380 error_setg_errno(errp, -ret, "dump: failed to save memory");
381 } else {
382 s->written_size += length;
383 }
384 }
385
386 /* write the memory to vmcore. 1 page per I/O. */
387 static void write_memory(DumpState *s, GuestPhysBlock *block, ram_addr_t start,
388 int64_t size, Error **errp)
389 {
390 int64_t i;
391 Error *local_err = NULL;
392
393 for (i = 0; i < size / s->dump_info.page_size; i++) {
394 write_data(s, block->host_addr + start + i * s->dump_info.page_size,
395 s->dump_info.page_size, &local_err);
396 if (local_err) {
397 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
398 return;
399 }
400 }
401
402 if ((size % s->dump_info.page_size) != 0) {
403 write_data(s, block->host_addr + start + i * s->dump_info.page_size,
404 size % s->dump_info.page_size, &local_err);
405 if (local_err) {
406 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
407 return;
408 }
409 }
410 }
411
412 /* get the memory's offset and size in the vmcore */
413 static void get_offset_range(hwaddr phys_addr,
414 ram_addr_t mapping_length,
415 DumpState *s,
416 hwaddr *p_offset,
417 hwaddr *p_filesz)
418 {
419 GuestPhysBlock *block;
420 hwaddr offset = s->memory_offset;
421 int64_t size_in_block, start;
422
423 /* When the memory is not stored into vmcore, offset will be -1 */
424 *p_offset = -1;
425 *p_filesz = 0;
426
427 if (s->has_filter) {
428 if (phys_addr < s->begin || phys_addr >= s->begin + s->length) {
429 return;
430 }
431 }
432
433 QTAILQ_FOREACH(block, &s->guest_phys_blocks.head, next) {
434 if (s->has_filter) {
435 if (block->target_start >= s->begin + s->length ||
436 block->target_end <= s->begin) {
437 /* This block is out of the range */
438 continue;
439 }
440
441 if (s->begin <= block->target_start) {
442 start = block->target_start;
443 } else {
444 start = s->begin;
445 }
446
447 size_in_block = block->target_end - start;
448 if (s->begin + s->length < block->target_end) {
449 size_in_block -= block->target_end - (s->begin + s->length);
450 }
451 } else {
452 start = block->target_start;
453 size_in_block = block->target_end - block->target_start;
454 }
455
456 if (phys_addr >= start && phys_addr < start + size_in_block) {
457 *p_offset = phys_addr - start + offset;
458
459 /* The offset range mapped from the vmcore file must not spill over
460 * the GuestPhysBlock, clamp it. The rest of the mapping will be
461 * zero-filled in memory at load time; see
462 * <http://refspecs.linuxbase.org/elf/gabi4+/ch5.pheader.html>.
463 */
464 *p_filesz = phys_addr + mapping_length <= start + size_in_block ?
465 mapping_length :
466 size_in_block - (phys_addr - start);
467 return;
468 }
469
470 offset += size_in_block;
471 }
472 }
473
474 static void write_elf_loads(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
475 {
476 hwaddr offset, filesz;
477 MemoryMapping *memory_mapping;
478 uint32_t phdr_index = 1;
479 uint32_t max_index;
480 Error *local_err = NULL;
481
482 if (s->have_section) {
483 max_index = s->sh_info;
484 } else {
485 max_index = s->phdr_num;
486 }
487
488 QTAILQ_FOREACH(memory_mapping, &s->list.head, next) {
489 get_offset_range(memory_mapping->phys_addr,
490 memory_mapping->length,
491 s, &offset, &filesz);
492 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS64) {
493 write_elf64_load(s, memory_mapping, phdr_index++, offset,
494 filesz, &local_err);
495 } else {
496 write_elf32_load(s, memory_mapping, phdr_index++, offset,
497 filesz, &local_err);
498 }
499
500 if (local_err) {
501 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
502 return;
503 }
504
505 if (phdr_index >= max_index) {
506 break;
507 }
508 }
509 }
510
511 /* write elf header, PT_NOTE and elf note to vmcore. */
512 static void dump_begin(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
513 {
514 Error *local_err = NULL;
515
516 /*
517 * the vmcore's format is:
518 * --------------
519 * | elf header |
520 * --------------
521 * | PT_NOTE |
522 * --------------
523 * | PT_LOAD |
524 * --------------
525 * | ...... |
526 * --------------
527 * | PT_LOAD |
528 * --------------
529 * | sec_hdr |
530 * --------------
531 * | elf note |
532 * --------------
533 * | memory |
534 * --------------
535 *
536 * we only know where the memory is saved after we write elf note into
537 * vmcore.
538 */
539
540 /* write elf header to vmcore */
541 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS64) {
542 write_elf64_header(s, &local_err);
543 } else {
544 write_elf32_header(s, &local_err);
545 }
546 if (local_err) {
547 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
548 return;
549 }
550
551 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS64) {
552 /* write PT_NOTE to vmcore */
553 write_elf64_note(s, &local_err);
554 if (local_err) {
555 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
556 return;
557 }
558
559 /* write all PT_LOAD to vmcore */
560 write_elf_loads(s, &local_err);
561 if (local_err) {
562 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
563 return;
564 }
565
566 /* write section to vmcore */
567 if (s->have_section) {
568 write_elf_section(s, 1, &local_err);
569 if (local_err) {
570 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
571 return;
572 }
573 }
574
575 /* write notes to vmcore */
576 write_elf64_notes(fd_write_vmcore, s, &local_err);
577 if (local_err) {
578 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
579 return;
580 }
581 } else {
582 /* write PT_NOTE to vmcore */
583 write_elf32_note(s, &local_err);
584 if (local_err) {
585 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
586 return;
587 }
588
589 /* write all PT_LOAD to vmcore */
590 write_elf_loads(s, &local_err);
591 if (local_err) {
592 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
593 return;
594 }
595
596 /* write section to vmcore */
597 if (s->have_section) {
598 write_elf_section(s, 0, &local_err);
599 if (local_err) {
600 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
601 return;
602 }
603 }
604
605 /* write notes to vmcore */
606 write_elf32_notes(fd_write_vmcore, s, &local_err);
607 if (local_err) {
608 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
609 return;
610 }
611 }
612 }
613
614 static int get_next_block(DumpState *s, GuestPhysBlock *block)
615 {
616 while (1) {
617 block = QTAILQ_NEXT(block, next);
618 if (!block) {
619 /* no more block */
620 return 1;
621 }
622
623 s->start = 0;
624 s->next_block = block;
625 if (s->has_filter) {
626 if (block->target_start >= s->begin + s->length ||
627 block->target_end <= s->begin) {
628 /* This block is out of the range */
629 continue;
630 }
631
632 if (s->begin > block->target_start) {
633 s->start = s->begin - block->target_start;
634 }
635 }
636
637 return 0;
638 }
639 }
640
641 /* write all memory to vmcore */
642 static void dump_iterate(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
643 {
644 GuestPhysBlock *block;
645 int64_t size;
646 Error *local_err = NULL;
647
648 do {
649 block = s->next_block;
650
651 size = block->target_end - block->target_start;
652 if (s->has_filter) {
653 size -= s->start;
654 if (s->begin + s->length < block->target_end) {
655 size -= block->target_end - (s->begin + s->length);
656 }
657 }
658 write_memory(s, block, s->start, size, &local_err);
659 if (local_err) {
660 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
661 return;
662 }
663
664 } while (!get_next_block(s, block));
665 }
666
667 static void create_vmcore(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
668 {
669 Error *local_err = NULL;
670
671 dump_begin(s, &local_err);
672 if (local_err) {
673 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
674 return;
675 }
676
677 dump_iterate(s, errp);
678 }
679
680 static int write_start_flat_header(int fd)
681 {
682 MakedumpfileHeader *mh;
683 int ret = 0;
684
685 QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof *mh > MAX_SIZE_MDF_HEADER);
686 mh = g_malloc0(MAX_SIZE_MDF_HEADER);
687
688 memcpy(mh->signature, MAKEDUMPFILE_SIGNATURE,
689 MIN(sizeof mh->signature, sizeof MAKEDUMPFILE_SIGNATURE));
690
691 mh->type = cpu_to_be64(TYPE_FLAT_HEADER);
692 mh->version = cpu_to_be64(VERSION_FLAT_HEADER);
693
694 size_t written_size;
695 written_size = qemu_write_full(fd, mh, MAX_SIZE_MDF_HEADER);
696 if (written_size != MAX_SIZE_MDF_HEADER) {
697 ret = -1;
698 }
699
700 g_free(mh);
701 return ret;
702 }
703
704 static int write_end_flat_header(int fd)
705 {
706 MakedumpfileDataHeader mdh;
707
708 mdh.offset = END_FLAG_FLAT_HEADER;
709 mdh.buf_size = END_FLAG_FLAT_HEADER;
710
711 size_t written_size;
712 written_size = qemu_write_full(fd, &mdh, sizeof(mdh));
713 if (written_size != sizeof(mdh)) {
714 return -1;
715 }
716
717 return 0;
718 }
719
720 static int write_buffer(int fd, off_t offset, const void *buf, size_t size)
721 {
722 size_t written_size;
723 MakedumpfileDataHeader mdh;
724
725 mdh.offset = cpu_to_be64(offset);
726 mdh.buf_size = cpu_to_be64(size);
727
728 written_size = qemu_write_full(fd, &mdh, sizeof(mdh));
729 if (written_size != sizeof(mdh)) {
730 return -1;
731 }
732
733 written_size = qemu_write_full(fd, buf, size);
734 if (written_size != size) {
735 return -1;
736 }
737
738 return 0;
739 }
740
741 static int buf_write_note(const void *buf, size_t size, void *opaque)
742 {
743 DumpState *s = opaque;
744
745 /* note_buf is not enough */
746 if (s->note_buf_offset + size > s->note_size) {
747 return -1;
748 }
749
750 memcpy(s->note_buf + s->note_buf_offset, buf, size);
751
752 s->note_buf_offset += size;
753
754 return 0;
755 }
756
757 /*
758 * This function retrieves various sizes from an elf header.
759 *
760 * @note has to be a valid ELF note. The return sizes are unmodified
761 * (not padded or rounded up to be multiple of 4).
762 */
763 static void get_note_sizes(DumpState *s, const void *note,
764 uint64_t *note_head_size,
765 uint64_t *name_size,
766 uint64_t *desc_size)
767 {
768 uint64_t note_head_sz;
769 uint64_t name_sz;
770 uint64_t desc_sz;
771
772 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS64) {
773 const Elf64_Nhdr *hdr = note;
774 note_head_sz = sizeof(Elf64_Nhdr);
775 name_sz = tswap64(hdr->n_namesz);
776 desc_sz = tswap64(hdr->n_descsz);
777 } else {
778 const Elf32_Nhdr *hdr = note;
779 note_head_sz = sizeof(Elf32_Nhdr);
780 name_sz = tswap32(hdr->n_namesz);
781 desc_sz = tswap32(hdr->n_descsz);
782 }
783
784 if (note_head_size) {
785 *note_head_size = note_head_sz;
786 }
787 if (name_size) {
788 *name_size = name_sz;
789 }
790 if (desc_size) {
791 *desc_size = desc_sz;
792 }
793 }
794
795 static bool note_name_equal(DumpState *s,
796 const uint8_t *note, const char *name)
797 {
798 int len = strlen(name) + 1;
799 uint64_t head_size, name_size;
800
801 get_note_sizes(s, note, &head_size, &name_size, NULL);
802 head_size = ROUND_UP(head_size, 4);
803
804 return name_size == len && memcmp(note + head_size, name, len) == 0;
805 }
806
807 /* write common header, sub header and elf note to vmcore */
808 static void create_header32(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
809 {
810 DiskDumpHeader32 *dh = NULL;
811 KdumpSubHeader32 *kh = NULL;
812 size_t size;
813 uint32_t block_size;
814 uint32_t sub_hdr_size;
815 uint32_t bitmap_blocks;
816 uint32_t status = 0;
817 uint64_t offset_note;
818 Error *local_err = NULL;
819
820 /* write common header, the version of kdump-compressed format is 6th */
821 size = sizeof(DiskDumpHeader32);
822 dh = g_malloc0(size);
823
824 memcpy(dh->signature, KDUMP_SIGNATURE, SIG_LEN);
825 dh->header_version = cpu_to_dump32(s, 6);
826 block_size = s->dump_info.page_size;
827 dh->block_size = cpu_to_dump32(s, block_size);
828 sub_hdr_size = sizeof(struct KdumpSubHeader32) + s->note_size;
829 sub_hdr_size = DIV_ROUND_UP(sub_hdr_size, block_size);
830 dh->sub_hdr_size = cpu_to_dump32(s, sub_hdr_size);
831 /* dh->max_mapnr may be truncated, full 64bit is in kh.max_mapnr_64 */
832 dh->max_mapnr = cpu_to_dump32(s, MIN(s->max_mapnr, UINT_MAX));
833 dh->nr_cpus = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->nr_cpus);
834 bitmap_blocks = DIV_ROUND_UP(s->len_dump_bitmap, block_size) * 2;
835 dh->bitmap_blocks = cpu_to_dump32(s, bitmap_blocks);
836 strncpy(dh->utsname.machine, ELF_MACHINE_UNAME, sizeof(dh->utsname.machine));
837
838 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB) {
839 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB;
840 }
841 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
842 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO) {
843 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO;
844 }
845 #endif
846 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
847 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY) {
848 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY;
849 }
850 #endif
851 dh->status = cpu_to_dump32(s, status);
852
853 if (write_buffer(s->fd, 0, dh, size) < 0) {
854 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write disk dump header");
855 goto out;
856 }
857
858 /* write sub header */
859 size = sizeof(KdumpSubHeader32);
860 kh = g_malloc0(size);
861
862 /* 64bit max_mapnr_64 */
863 kh->max_mapnr_64 = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->max_mapnr);
864 kh->phys_base = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->dump_info.phys_base);
865 kh->dump_level = cpu_to_dump32(s, DUMP_LEVEL);
866
867 offset_note = DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS * block_size + size;
868 if (s->guest_note &&
869 note_name_equal(s, s->guest_note, "VMCOREINFO")) {
870 uint64_t hsize, name_size, size_vmcoreinfo_desc, offset_vmcoreinfo;
871
872 get_note_sizes(s, s->guest_note,
873 &hsize, &name_size, &size_vmcoreinfo_desc);
874 offset_vmcoreinfo = offset_note + s->note_size - s->guest_note_size +
875 (DIV_ROUND_UP(hsize, 4) + DIV_ROUND_UP(name_size, 4)) * 4;
876 kh->offset_vmcoreinfo = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_vmcoreinfo);
877 kh->size_vmcoreinfo = cpu_to_dump32(s, size_vmcoreinfo_desc);
878 }
879
880 kh->offset_note = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_note);
881 kh->note_size = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->note_size);
882
883 if (write_buffer(s->fd, DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS *
884 block_size, kh, size) < 0) {
885 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write kdump sub header");
886 goto out;
887 }
888
889 /* write note */
890 s->note_buf = g_malloc0(s->note_size);
891 s->note_buf_offset = 0;
892
893 /* use s->note_buf to store notes temporarily */
894 write_elf32_notes(buf_write_note, s, &local_err);
895 if (local_err) {
896 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
897 goto out;
898 }
899 if (write_buffer(s->fd, offset_note, s->note_buf,
900 s->note_size) < 0) {
901 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write notes");
902 goto out;
903 }
904
905 /* get offset of dump_bitmap */
906 s->offset_dump_bitmap = (DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS + sub_hdr_size) *
907 block_size;
908
909 /* get offset of page */
910 s->offset_page = (DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS + sub_hdr_size + bitmap_blocks) *
911 block_size;
912
913 out:
914 g_free(dh);
915 g_free(kh);
916 g_free(s->note_buf);
917 }
918
919 /* write common header, sub header and elf note to vmcore */
920 static void create_header64(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
921 {
922 DiskDumpHeader64 *dh = NULL;
923 KdumpSubHeader64 *kh = NULL;
924 size_t size;
925 uint32_t block_size;
926 uint32_t sub_hdr_size;
927 uint32_t bitmap_blocks;
928 uint32_t status = 0;
929 uint64_t offset_note;
930 Error *local_err = NULL;
931
932 /* write common header, the version of kdump-compressed format is 6th */
933 size = sizeof(DiskDumpHeader64);
934 dh = g_malloc0(size);
935
936 memcpy(dh->signature, KDUMP_SIGNATURE, SIG_LEN);
937 dh->header_version = cpu_to_dump32(s, 6);
938 block_size = s->dump_info.page_size;
939 dh->block_size = cpu_to_dump32(s, block_size);
940 sub_hdr_size = sizeof(struct KdumpSubHeader64) + s->note_size;
941 sub_hdr_size = DIV_ROUND_UP(sub_hdr_size, block_size);
942 dh->sub_hdr_size = cpu_to_dump32(s, sub_hdr_size);
943 /* dh->max_mapnr may be truncated, full 64bit is in kh.max_mapnr_64 */
944 dh->max_mapnr = cpu_to_dump32(s, MIN(s->max_mapnr, UINT_MAX));
945 dh->nr_cpus = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->nr_cpus);
946 bitmap_blocks = DIV_ROUND_UP(s->len_dump_bitmap, block_size) * 2;
947 dh->bitmap_blocks = cpu_to_dump32(s, bitmap_blocks);
948 strncpy(dh->utsname.machine, ELF_MACHINE_UNAME, sizeof(dh->utsname.machine));
949
950 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB) {
951 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB;
952 }
953 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
954 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO) {
955 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO;
956 }
957 #endif
958 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
959 if (s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY) {
960 status |= DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY;
961 }
962 #endif
963 dh->status = cpu_to_dump32(s, status);
964
965 if (write_buffer(s->fd, 0, dh, size) < 0) {
966 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write disk dump header");
967 goto out;
968 }
969
970 /* write sub header */
971 size = sizeof(KdumpSubHeader64);
972 kh = g_malloc0(size);
973
974 /* 64bit max_mapnr_64 */
975 kh->max_mapnr_64 = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->max_mapnr);
976 kh->phys_base = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->dump_info.phys_base);
977 kh->dump_level = cpu_to_dump32(s, DUMP_LEVEL);
978
979 offset_note = DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS * block_size + size;
980 if (s->guest_note &&
981 note_name_equal(s, s->guest_note, "VMCOREINFO")) {
982 uint64_t hsize, name_size, size_vmcoreinfo_desc, offset_vmcoreinfo;
983
984 get_note_sizes(s, s->guest_note,
985 &hsize, &name_size, &size_vmcoreinfo_desc);
986 offset_vmcoreinfo = offset_note + s->note_size - s->guest_note_size +
987 (DIV_ROUND_UP(hsize, 4) + DIV_ROUND_UP(name_size, 4)) * 4;
988 kh->offset_vmcoreinfo = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_vmcoreinfo);
989 kh->size_vmcoreinfo = cpu_to_dump64(s, size_vmcoreinfo_desc);
990 }
991
992 kh->offset_note = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_note);
993 kh->note_size = cpu_to_dump64(s, s->note_size);
994
995 if (write_buffer(s->fd, DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS *
996 block_size, kh, size) < 0) {
997 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write kdump sub header");
998 goto out;
999 }
1000
1001 /* write note */
1002 s->note_buf = g_malloc0(s->note_size);
1003 s->note_buf_offset = 0;
1004
1005 /* use s->note_buf to store notes temporarily */
1006 write_elf64_notes(buf_write_note, s, &local_err);
1007 if (local_err) {
1008 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1009 goto out;
1010 }
1011
1012 if (write_buffer(s->fd, offset_note, s->note_buf,
1013 s->note_size) < 0) {
1014 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write notes");
1015 goto out;
1016 }
1017
1018 /* get offset of dump_bitmap */
1019 s->offset_dump_bitmap = (DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS + sub_hdr_size) *
1020 block_size;
1021
1022 /* get offset of page */
1023 s->offset_page = (DISKDUMP_HEADER_BLOCKS + sub_hdr_size + bitmap_blocks) *
1024 block_size;
1025
1026 out:
1027 g_free(dh);
1028 g_free(kh);
1029 g_free(s->note_buf);
1030 }
1031
1032 static void write_dump_header(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
1033 {
1034 Error *local_err = NULL;
1035
1036 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS32) {
1037 create_header32(s, &local_err);
1038 } else {
1039 create_header64(s, &local_err);
1040 }
1041 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1042 }
1043
1044 static size_t dump_bitmap_get_bufsize(DumpState *s)
1045 {
1046 return s->dump_info.page_size;
1047 }
1048
1049 /*
1050 * set dump_bitmap sequencely. the bit before last_pfn is not allowed to be
1051 * rewritten, so if need to set the first bit, set last_pfn and pfn to 0.
1052 * set_dump_bitmap will always leave the recently set bit un-sync. And setting
1053 * (last bit + sizeof(buf) * 8) to 0 will do flushing the content in buf into
1054 * vmcore, ie. synchronizing un-sync bit into vmcore.
1055 */
1056 static int set_dump_bitmap(uint64_t last_pfn, uint64_t pfn, bool value,
1057 uint8_t *buf, DumpState *s)
1058 {
1059 off_t old_offset, new_offset;
1060 off_t offset_bitmap1, offset_bitmap2;
1061 uint32_t byte, bit;
1062 size_t bitmap_bufsize = dump_bitmap_get_bufsize(s);
1063 size_t bits_per_buf = bitmap_bufsize * CHAR_BIT;
1064
1065 /* should not set the previous place */
1066 assert(last_pfn <= pfn);
1067
1068 /*
1069 * if the bit needed to be set is not cached in buf, flush the data in buf
1070 * to vmcore firstly.
1071 * making new_offset be bigger than old_offset can also sync remained data
1072 * into vmcore.
1073 */
1074 old_offset = bitmap_bufsize * (last_pfn / bits_per_buf);
1075 new_offset = bitmap_bufsize * (pfn / bits_per_buf);
1076
1077 while (old_offset < new_offset) {
1078 /* calculate the offset and write dump_bitmap */
1079 offset_bitmap1 = s->offset_dump_bitmap + old_offset;
1080 if (write_buffer(s->fd, offset_bitmap1, buf,
1081 bitmap_bufsize) < 0) {
1082 return -1;
1083 }
1084
1085 /* dump level 1 is chosen, so 1st and 2nd bitmap are same */
1086 offset_bitmap2 = s->offset_dump_bitmap + s->len_dump_bitmap +
1087 old_offset;
1088 if (write_buffer(s->fd, offset_bitmap2, buf,
1089 bitmap_bufsize) < 0) {
1090 return -1;
1091 }
1092
1093 memset(buf, 0, bitmap_bufsize);
1094 old_offset += bitmap_bufsize;
1095 }
1096
1097 /* get the exact place of the bit in the buf, and set it */
1098 byte = (pfn % bits_per_buf) / CHAR_BIT;
1099 bit = (pfn % bits_per_buf) % CHAR_BIT;
1100 if (value) {
1101 buf[byte] |= 1u << bit;
1102 } else {
1103 buf[byte] &= ~(1u << bit);
1104 }
1105
1106 return 0;
1107 }
1108
1109 static uint64_t dump_paddr_to_pfn(DumpState *s, uint64_t addr)
1110 {
1111 int target_page_shift = ctz32(s->dump_info.page_size);
1112
1113 return (addr >> target_page_shift) - ARCH_PFN_OFFSET;
1114 }
1115
1116 static uint64_t dump_pfn_to_paddr(DumpState *s, uint64_t pfn)
1117 {
1118 int target_page_shift = ctz32(s->dump_info.page_size);
1119
1120 return (pfn + ARCH_PFN_OFFSET) << target_page_shift;
1121 }
1122
1123 /*
1124 * exam every page and return the page frame number and the address of the page.
1125 * bufptr can be NULL. note: the blocks here is supposed to reflect guest-phys
1126 * blocks, so block->target_start and block->target_end should be interal
1127 * multiples of the target page size.
1128 */
1129 static bool get_next_page(GuestPhysBlock **blockptr, uint64_t *pfnptr,
1130 uint8_t **bufptr, DumpState *s)
1131 {
1132 GuestPhysBlock *block = *blockptr;
1133 hwaddr addr, target_page_mask = ~((hwaddr)s->dump_info.page_size - 1);
1134 uint8_t *buf;
1135
1136 /* block == NULL means the start of the iteration */
1137 if (!block) {
1138 block = QTAILQ_FIRST(&s->guest_phys_blocks.head);
1139 *blockptr = block;
1140 assert((block->target_start & ~target_page_mask) == 0);
1141 assert((block->target_end & ~target_page_mask) == 0);
1142 *pfnptr = dump_paddr_to_pfn(s, block->target_start);
1143 if (bufptr) {
1144 *bufptr = block->host_addr;
1145 }
1146 return true;
1147 }
1148
1149 *pfnptr = *pfnptr + 1;
1150 addr = dump_pfn_to_paddr(s, *pfnptr);
1151
1152 if ((addr >= block->target_start) &&
1153 (addr + s->dump_info.page_size <= block->target_end)) {
1154 buf = block->host_addr + (addr - block->target_start);
1155 } else {
1156 /* the next page is in the next block */
1157 block = QTAILQ_NEXT(block, next);
1158 *blockptr = block;
1159 if (!block) {
1160 return false;
1161 }
1162 assert((block->target_start & ~target_page_mask) == 0);
1163 assert((block->target_end & ~target_page_mask) == 0);
1164 *pfnptr = dump_paddr_to_pfn(s, block->target_start);
1165 buf = block->host_addr;
1166 }
1167
1168 if (bufptr) {
1169 *bufptr = buf;
1170 }
1171
1172 return true;
1173 }
1174
1175 static void write_dump_bitmap(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
1176 {
1177 int ret = 0;
1178 uint64_t last_pfn, pfn;
1179 void *dump_bitmap_buf;
1180 size_t num_dumpable;
1181 GuestPhysBlock *block_iter = NULL;
1182 size_t bitmap_bufsize = dump_bitmap_get_bufsize(s);
1183 size_t bits_per_buf = bitmap_bufsize * CHAR_BIT;
1184
1185 /* dump_bitmap_buf is used to store dump_bitmap temporarily */
1186 dump_bitmap_buf = g_malloc0(bitmap_bufsize);
1187
1188 num_dumpable = 0;
1189 last_pfn = 0;
1190
1191 /*
1192 * exam memory page by page, and set the bit in dump_bitmap corresponded
1193 * to the existing page.
1194 */
1195 while (get_next_page(&block_iter, &pfn, NULL, s)) {
1196 ret = set_dump_bitmap(last_pfn, pfn, true, dump_bitmap_buf, s);
1197 if (ret < 0) {
1198 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to set dump_bitmap");
1199 goto out;
1200 }
1201
1202 last_pfn = pfn;
1203 num_dumpable++;
1204 }
1205
1206 /*
1207 * set_dump_bitmap will always leave the recently set bit un-sync. Here we
1208 * set the remaining bits from last_pfn to the end of the bitmap buffer to
1209 * 0. With those set, the un-sync bit will be synchronized into the vmcore.
1210 */
1211 if (num_dumpable > 0) {
1212 ret = set_dump_bitmap(last_pfn, last_pfn + bits_per_buf, false,
1213 dump_bitmap_buf, s);
1214 if (ret < 0) {
1215 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to sync dump_bitmap");
1216 goto out;
1217 }
1218 }
1219
1220 /* number of dumpable pages that will be dumped later */
1221 s->num_dumpable = num_dumpable;
1222
1223 out:
1224 g_free(dump_bitmap_buf);
1225 }
1226
1227 static void prepare_data_cache(DataCache *data_cache, DumpState *s,
1228 off_t offset)
1229 {
1230 data_cache->fd = s->fd;
1231 data_cache->data_size = 0;
1232 data_cache->buf_size = 4 * dump_bitmap_get_bufsize(s);
1233 data_cache->buf = g_malloc0(data_cache->buf_size);
1234 data_cache->offset = offset;
1235 }
1236
1237 static int write_cache(DataCache *dc, const void *buf, size_t size,
1238 bool flag_sync)
1239 {
1240 /*
1241 * dc->buf_size should not be less than size, otherwise dc will never be
1242 * enough
1243 */
1244 assert(size <= dc->buf_size);
1245
1246 /*
1247 * if flag_sync is set, synchronize data in dc->buf into vmcore.
1248 * otherwise check if the space is enough for caching data in buf, if not,
1249 * write the data in dc->buf to dc->fd and reset dc->buf
1250 */
1251 if ((!flag_sync && dc->data_size + size > dc->buf_size) ||
1252 (flag_sync && dc->data_size > 0)) {
1253 if (write_buffer(dc->fd, dc->offset, dc->buf, dc->data_size) < 0) {
1254 return -1;
1255 }
1256
1257 dc->offset += dc->data_size;
1258 dc->data_size = 0;
1259 }
1260
1261 if (!flag_sync) {
1262 memcpy(dc->buf + dc->data_size, buf, size);
1263 dc->data_size += size;
1264 }
1265
1266 return 0;
1267 }
1268
1269 static void free_data_cache(DataCache *data_cache)
1270 {
1271 g_free(data_cache->buf);
1272 }
1273
1274 static size_t get_len_buf_out(size_t page_size, uint32_t flag_compress)
1275 {
1276 switch (flag_compress) {
1277 case DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB:
1278 return compressBound(page_size);
1279
1280 case DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO:
1281 /*
1282 * LZO will expand incompressible data by a little amount. Please check
1283 * the following URL to see the expansion calculation:
1284 * http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo/lzofaq.php
1285 */
1286 return page_size + page_size / 16 + 64 + 3;
1287
1288 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
1289 case DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY:
1290 return snappy_max_compressed_length(page_size);
1291 #endif
1292 }
1293 return 0;
1294 }
1295
1296 /*
1297 * check if the page is all 0
1298 */
1299 static inline bool is_zero_page(const uint8_t *buf, size_t page_size)
1300 {
1301 return buffer_is_zero(buf, page_size);
1302 }
1303
1304 static void write_dump_pages(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
1305 {
1306 int ret = 0;
1307 DataCache page_desc, page_data;
1308 size_t len_buf_out, size_out;
1309 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
1310 lzo_bytep wrkmem = NULL;
1311 #endif
1312 uint8_t *buf_out = NULL;
1313 off_t offset_desc, offset_data;
1314 PageDescriptor pd, pd_zero;
1315 uint8_t *buf;
1316 GuestPhysBlock *block_iter = NULL;
1317 uint64_t pfn_iter;
1318
1319 /* get offset of page_desc and page_data in dump file */
1320 offset_desc = s->offset_page;
1321 offset_data = offset_desc + sizeof(PageDescriptor) * s->num_dumpable;
1322
1323 prepare_data_cache(&page_desc, s, offset_desc);
1324 prepare_data_cache(&page_data, s, offset_data);
1325
1326 /* prepare buffer to store compressed data */
1327 len_buf_out = get_len_buf_out(s->dump_info.page_size, s->flag_compress);
1328 assert(len_buf_out != 0);
1329
1330 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
1331 wrkmem = g_malloc(LZO1X_1_MEM_COMPRESS);
1332 #endif
1333
1334 buf_out = g_malloc(len_buf_out);
1335
1336 /*
1337 * init zero page's page_desc and page_data, because every zero page
1338 * uses the same page_data
1339 */
1340 pd_zero.size = cpu_to_dump32(s, s->dump_info.page_size);
1341 pd_zero.flags = cpu_to_dump32(s, 0);
1342 pd_zero.offset = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_data);
1343 pd_zero.page_flags = cpu_to_dump64(s, 0);
1344 buf = g_malloc0(s->dump_info.page_size);
1345 ret = write_cache(&page_data, buf, s->dump_info.page_size, false);
1346 g_free(buf);
1347 if (ret < 0) {
1348 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page data (zero page)");
1349 goto out;
1350 }
1351
1352 offset_data += s->dump_info.page_size;
1353
1354 /*
1355 * dump memory to vmcore page by page. zero page will all be resided in the
1356 * first page of page section
1357 */
1358 while (get_next_page(&block_iter, &pfn_iter, &buf, s)) {
1359 /* check zero page */
1360 if (is_zero_page(buf, s->dump_info.page_size)) {
1361 ret = write_cache(&page_desc, &pd_zero, sizeof(PageDescriptor),
1362 false);
1363 if (ret < 0) {
1364 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page desc");
1365 goto out;
1366 }
1367 } else {
1368 /*
1369 * not zero page, then:
1370 * 1. compress the page
1371 * 2. write the compressed page into the cache of page_data
1372 * 3. get page desc of the compressed page and write it into the
1373 * cache of page_desc
1374 *
1375 * only one compression format will be used here, for
1376 * s->flag_compress is set. But when compression fails to work,
1377 * we fall back to save in plaintext.
1378 */
1379 size_out = len_buf_out;
1380 if ((s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB) &&
1381 (compress2(buf_out, (uLongf *)&size_out, buf,
1382 s->dump_info.page_size, Z_BEST_SPEED) == Z_OK) &&
1383 (size_out < s->dump_info.page_size)) {
1384 pd.flags = cpu_to_dump32(s, DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB);
1385 pd.size = cpu_to_dump32(s, size_out);
1386
1387 ret = write_cache(&page_data, buf_out, size_out, false);
1388 if (ret < 0) {
1389 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page data");
1390 goto out;
1391 }
1392 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
1393 } else if ((s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO) &&
1394 (lzo1x_1_compress(buf, s->dump_info.page_size, buf_out,
1395 (lzo_uint *)&size_out, wrkmem) == LZO_E_OK) &&
1396 (size_out < s->dump_info.page_size)) {
1397 pd.flags = cpu_to_dump32(s, DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO);
1398 pd.size = cpu_to_dump32(s, size_out);
1399
1400 ret = write_cache(&page_data, buf_out, size_out, false);
1401 if (ret < 0) {
1402 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page data");
1403 goto out;
1404 }
1405 #endif
1406 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
1407 } else if ((s->flag_compress & DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY) &&
1408 (snappy_compress((char *)buf, s->dump_info.page_size,
1409 (char *)buf_out, &size_out) == SNAPPY_OK) &&
1410 (size_out < s->dump_info.page_size)) {
1411 pd.flags = cpu_to_dump32(s, DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY);
1412 pd.size = cpu_to_dump32(s, size_out);
1413
1414 ret = write_cache(&page_data, buf_out, size_out, false);
1415 if (ret < 0) {
1416 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page data");
1417 goto out;
1418 }
1419 #endif
1420 } else {
1421 /*
1422 * fall back to save in plaintext, size_out should be
1423 * assigned the target's page size
1424 */
1425 pd.flags = cpu_to_dump32(s, 0);
1426 size_out = s->dump_info.page_size;
1427 pd.size = cpu_to_dump32(s, size_out);
1428
1429 ret = write_cache(&page_data, buf,
1430 s->dump_info.page_size, false);
1431 if (ret < 0) {
1432 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page data");
1433 goto out;
1434 }
1435 }
1436
1437 /* get and write page desc here */
1438 pd.page_flags = cpu_to_dump64(s, 0);
1439 pd.offset = cpu_to_dump64(s, offset_data);
1440 offset_data += size_out;
1441
1442 ret = write_cache(&page_desc, &pd, sizeof(PageDescriptor), false);
1443 if (ret < 0) {
1444 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write page desc");
1445 goto out;
1446 }
1447 }
1448 s->written_size += s->dump_info.page_size;
1449 }
1450
1451 ret = write_cache(&page_desc, NULL, 0, true);
1452 if (ret < 0) {
1453 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to sync cache for page_desc");
1454 goto out;
1455 }
1456 ret = write_cache(&page_data, NULL, 0, true);
1457 if (ret < 0) {
1458 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to sync cache for page_data");
1459 goto out;
1460 }
1461
1462 out:
1463 free_data_cache(&page_desc);
1464 free_data_cache(&page_data);
1465
1466 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
1467 g_free(wrkmem);
1468 #endif
1469
1470 g_free(buf_out);
1471 }
1472
1473 static void create_kdump_vmcore(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
1474 {
1475 int ret;
1476 Error *local_err = NULL;
1477
1478 /*
1479 * the kdump-compressed format is:
1480 * File offset
1481 * +------------------------------------------+ 0x0
1482 * | main header (struct disk_dump_header) |
1483 * |------------------------------------------+ block 1
1484 * | sub header (struct kdump_sub_header) |
1485 * |------------------------------------------+ block 2
1486 * | 1st-dump_bitmap |
1487 * |------------------------------------------+ block 2 + X blocks
1488 * | 2nd-dump_bitmap | (aligned by block)
1489 * |------------------------------------------+ block 2 + 2 * X blocks
1490 * | page desc for pfn 0 (struct page_desc) | (aligned by block)
1491 * | page desc for pfn 1 (struct page_desc) |
1492 * | : |
1493 * |------------------------------------------| (not aligned by block)
1494 * | page data (pfn 0) |
1495 * | page data (pfn 1) |
1496 * | : |
1497 * +------------------------------------------+
1498 */
1499
1500 ret = write_start_flat_header(s->fd);
1501 if (ret < 0) {
1502 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write start flat header");
1503 return;
1504 }
1505
1506 write_dump_header(s, &local_err);
1507 if (local_err) {
1508 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1509 return;
1510 }
1511
1512 write_dump_bitmap(s, &local_err);
1513 if (local_err) {
1514 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1515 return;
1516 }
1517
1518 write_dump_pages(s, &local_err);
1519 if (local_err) {
1520 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1521 return;
1522 }
1523
1524 ret = write_end_flat_header(s->fd);
1525 if (ret < 0) {
1526 error_setg(errp, "dump: failed to write end flat header");
1527 return;
1528 }
1529 }
1530
1531 static ram_addr_t get_start_block(DumpState *s)
1532 {
1533 GuestPhysBlock *block;
1534
1535 if (!s->has_filter) {
1536 s->next_block = QTAILQ_FIRST(&s->guest_phys_blocks.head);
1537 return 0;
1538 }
1539
1540 QTAILQ_FOREACH(block, &s->guest_phys_blocks.head, next) {
1541 if (block->target_start >= s->begin + s->length ||
1542 block->target_end <= s->begin) {
1543 /* This block is out of the range */
1544 continue;
1545 }
1546
1547 s->next_block = block;
1548 if (s->begin > block->target_start) {
1549 s->start = s->begin - block->target_start;
1550 } else {
1551 s->start = 0;
1552 }
1553 return s->start;
1554 }
1555
1556 return -1;
1557 }
1558
1559 static void get_max_mapnr(DumpState *s)
1560 {
1561 GuestPhysBlock *last_block;
1562
1563 last_block = QTAILQ_LAST(&s->guest_phys_blocks.head);
1564 s->max_mapnr = dump_paddr_to_pfn(s, last_block->target_end);
1565 }
1566
1567 static DumpState dump_state_global = { .status = DUMP_STATUS_NONE };
1568
1569 static void dump_state_prepare(DumpState *s)
1570 {
1571 /* zero the struct, setting status to active */
1572 *s = (DumpState) { .status = DUMP_STATUS_ACTIVE };
1573 }
1574
1575 bool dump_in_progress(void)
1576 {
1577 DumpState *state = &dump_state_global;
1578 return (atomic_read(&state->status) == DUMP_STATUS_ACTIVE);
1579 }
1580
1581 /* calculate total size of memory to be dumped (taking filter into
1582 * acoount.) */
1583 static int64_t dump_calculate_size(DumpState *s)
1584 {
1585 GuestPhysBlock *block;
1586 int64_t size = 0, total = 0, left = 0, right = 0;
1587
1588 QTAILQ_FOREACH(block, &s->guest_phys_blocks.head, next) {
1589 if (s->has_filter) {
1590 /* calculate the overlapped region. */
1591 left = MAX(s->begin, block->target_start);
1592 right = MIN(s->begin + s->length, block->target_end);
1593 size = right - left;
1594 size = size > 0 ? size : 0;
1595 } else {
1596 /* count the whole region in */
1597 size = (block->target_end - block->target_start);
1598 }
1599 total += size;
1600 }
1601
1602 return total;
1603 }
1604
1605 static void vmcoreinfo_update_phys_base(DumpState *s)
1606 {
1607 uint64_t size, note_head_size, name_size, phys_base;
1608 char **lines;
1609 uint8_t *vmci;
1610 size_t i;
1611
1612 if (!note_name_equal(s, s->guest_note, "VMCOREINFO")) {
1613 return;
1614 }
1615
1616 get_note_sizes(s, s->guest_note, &note_head_size, &name_size, &size);
1617 note_head_size = ROUND_UP(note_head_size, 4);
1618
1619 vmci = s->guest_note + note_head_size + ROUND_UP(name_size, 4);
1620 *(vmci + size) = '\0';
1621
1622 lines = g_strsplit((char *)vmci, "\n", -1);
1623 for (i = 0; lines[i]; i++) {
1624 const char *prefix = NULL;
1625
1626 if (s->dump_info.d_machine == EM_X86_64) {
1627 prefix = "NUMBER(phys_base)=";
1628 } else if (s->dump_info.d_machine == EM_AARCH64) {
1629 prefix = "NUMBER(PHYS_OFFSET)=";
1630 }
1631
1632 if (prefix && g_str_has_prefix(lines[i], prefix)) {
1633 if (qemu_strtou64(lines[i] + strlen(prefix), NULL, 16,
1634 &phys_base) < 0) {
1635 warn_report("Failed to read %s", prefix);
1636 } else {
1637 s->dump_info.phys_base = phys_base;
1638 }
1639 break;
1640 }
1641 }
1642
1643 g_strfreev(lines);
1644 }
1645
1646 static void dump_init(DumpState *s, int fd, bool has_format,
1647 DumpGuestMemoryFormat format, bool paging, bool has_filter,
1648 int64_t begin, int64_t length, Error **errp)
1649 {
1650 VMCoreInfoState *vmci = vmcoreinfo_find();
1651 CPUState *cpu;
1652 int nr_cpus;
1653 Error *err = NULL;
1654 int ret;
1655
1656 s->has_format = has_format;
1657 s->format = format;
1658 s->written_size = 0;
1659
1660 /* kdump-compressed is conflict with paging and filter */
1661 if (has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
1662 assert(!paging && !has_filter);
1663 }
1664
1665 if (runstate_is_running()) {
1666 vm_stop(RUN_STATE_SAVE_VM);
1667 s->resume = true;
1668 } else {
1669 s->resume = false;
1670 }
1671
1672 /* If we use KVM, we should synchronize the registers before we get dump
1673 * info or physmap info.
1674 */
1675 cpu_synchronize_all_states();
1676 nr_cpus = 0;
1677 CPU_FOREACH(cpu) {
1678 nr_cpus++;
1679 }
1680
1681 s->fd = fd;
1682 s->has_filter = has_filter;
1683 s->begin = begin;
1684 s->length = length;
1685
1686 memory_mapping_list_init(&s->list);
1687
1688 guest_phys_blocks_init(&s->guest_phys_blocks);
1689 guest_phys_blocks_append(&s->guest_phys_blocks);
1690 s->total_size = dump_calculate_size(s);
1691 #ifdef DEBUG_DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY
1692 fprintf(stderr, "DUMP: total memory to dump: %lu\n", s->total_size);
1693 #endif
1694
1695 /* it does not make sense to dump non-existent memory */
1696 if (!s->total_size) {
1697 error_setg(errp, "dump: no guest memory to dump");
1698 goto cleanup;
1699 }
1700
1701 s->start = get_start_block(s);
1702 if (s->start == -1) {
1703 error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER, "begin");
1704 goto cleanup;
1705 }
1706
1707 /* get dump info: endian, class and architecture.
1708 * If the target architecture is not supported, cpu_get_dump_info() will
1709 * return -1.
1710 */
1711 ret = cpu_get_dump_info(&s->dump_info, &s->guest_phys_blocks);
1712 if (ret < 0) {
1713 error_setg(errp, QERR_UNSUPPORTED);
1714 goto cleanup;
1715 }
1716
1717 if (!s->dump_info.page_size) {
1718 s->dump_info.page_size = TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1719 }
1720
1721 s->note_size = cpu_get_note_size(s->dump_info.d_class,
1722 s->dump_info.d_machine, nr_cpus);
1723 if (s->note_size < 0) {
1724 error_setg(errp, QERR_UNSUPPORTED);
1725 goto cleanup;
1726 }
1727
1728 /*
1729 * The goal of this block is to (a) update the previously guessed
1730 * phys_base, (b) copy the guest note out of the guest.
1731 * Failure to do so is not fatal for dumping.
1732 */
1733 if (vmci) {
1734 uint64_t addr, note_head_size, name_size, desc_size;
1735 uint32_t size;
1736 uint16_t format;
1737
1738 note_head_size = s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS32 ?
1739 sizeof(Elf32_Nhdr) : sizeof(Elf64_Nhdr);
1740
1741 format = le16_to_cpu(vmci->vmcoreinfo.guest_format);
1742 size = le32_to_cpu(vmci->vmcoreinfo.size);
1743 addr = le64_to_cpu(vmci->vmcoreinfo.paddr);
1744 if (!vmci->has_vmcoreinfo) {
1745 warn_report("guest note is not present");
1746 } else if (size < note_head_size || size > MAX_GUEST_NOTE_SIZE) {
1747 warn_report("guest note size is invalid: %" PRIu32, size);
1748 } else if (format != FW_CFG_VMCOREINFO_FORMAT_ELF) {
1749 warn_report("guest note format is unsupported: %" PRIu16, format);
1750 } else {
1751 s->guest_note = g_malloc(size + 1); /* +1 for adding \0 */
1752 cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, s->guest_note, size);
1753
1754 get_note_sizes(s, s->guest_note, NULL, &name_size, &desc_size);
1755 s->guest_note_size = ELF_NOTE_SIZE(note_head_size, name_size,
1756 desc_size);
1757 if (name_size > MAX_GUEST_NOTE_SIZE ||
1758 desc_size > MAX_GUEST_NOTE_SIZE ||
1759 s->guest_note_size > size) {
1760 warn_report("Invalid guest note header");
1761 g_free(s->guest_note);
1762 s->guest_note = NULL;
1763 } else {
1764 vmcoreinfo_update_phys_base(s);
1765 s->note_size += s->guest_note_size;
1766 }
1767 }
1768 }
1769
1770 /* get memory mapping */
1771 if (paging) {
1772 qemu_get_guest_memory_mapping(&s->list, &s->guest_phys_blocks, &err);
1773 if (err != NULL) {
1774 error_propagate(errp, err);
1775 goto cleanup;
1776 }
1777 } else {
1778 qemu_get_guest_simple_memory_mapping(&s->list, &s->guest_phys_blocks);
1779 }
1780
1781 s->nr_cpus = nr_cpus;
1782
1783 get_max_mapnr(s);
1784
1785 uint64_t tmp;
1786 tmp = DIV_ROUND_UP(DIV_ROUND_UP(s->max_mapnr, CHAR_BIT),
1787 s->dump_info.page_size);
1788 s->len_dump_bitmap = tmp * s->dump_info.page_size;
1789
1790 /* init for kdump-compressed format */
1791 if (has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
1792 switch (format) {
1793 case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_ZLIB:
1794 s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_ZLIB;
1795 break;
1796
1797 case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_LZO:
1798 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
1799 if (lzo_init() != LZO_E_OK) {
1800 error_setg(errp, "failed to initialize the LZO library");
1801 goto cleanup;
1802 }
1803 #endif
1804 s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_LZO;
1805 break;
1806
1807 case DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_SNAPPY:
1808 s->flag_compress = DUMP_DH_COMPRESSED_SNAPPY;
1809 break;
1810
1811 default:
1812 s->flag_compress = 0;
1813 }
1814
1815 return;
1816 }
1817
1818 if (s->has_filter) {
1819 memory_mapping_filter(&s->list, s->begin, s->length);
1820 }
1821
1822 /*
1823 * calculate phdr_num
1824 *
1825 * the type of ehdr->e_phnum is uint16_t, so we should avoid overflow
1826 */
1827 s->phdr_num = 1; /* PT_NOTE */
1828 if (s->list.num < UINT16_MAX - 2) {
1829 s->phdr_num += s->list.num;
1830 s->have_section = false;
1831 } else {
1832 s->have_section = true;
1833 s->phdr_num = PN_XNUM;
1834 s->sh_info = 1; /* PT_NOTE */
1835
1836 /* the type of shdr->sh_info is uint32_t, so we should avoid overflow */
1837 if (s->list.num <= UINT32_MAX - 1) {
1838 s->sh_info += s->list.num;
1839 } else {
1840 s->sh_info = UINT32_MAX;
1841 }
1842 }
1843
1844 if (s->dump_info.d_class == ELFCLASS64) {
1845 if (s->have_section) {
1846 s->memory_offset = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr) +
1847 sizeof(Elf64_Phdr) * s->sh_info +
1848 sizeof(Elf64_Shdr) + s->note_size;
1849 } else {
1850 s->memory_offset = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr) +
1851 sizeof(Elf64_Phdr) * s->phdr_num + s->note_size;
1852 }
1853 } else {
1854 if (s->have_section) {
1855 s->memory_offset = sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr) +
1856 sizeof(Elf32_Phdr) * s->sh_info +
1857 sizeof(Elf32_Shdr) + s->note_size;
1858 } else {
1859 s->memory_offset = sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr) +
1860 sizeof(Elf32_Phdr) * s->phdr_num + s->note_size;
1861 }
1862 }
1863
1864 return;
1865
1866 cleanup:
1867 dump_cleanup(s);
1868 }
1869
1870 /* this operation might be time consuming. */
1871 static void dump_process(DumpState *s, Error **errp)
1872 {
1873 Error *local_err = NULL;
1874 DumpQueryResult *result = NULL;
1875
1876 if (s->has_format && s->format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_WIN_DMP) {
1877 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
1878 create_win_dump(s, &local_err);
1879 #endif
1880 } else if (s->has_format && s->format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) {
1881 create_kdump_vmcore(s, &local_err);
1882 } else {
1883 create_vmcore(s, &local_err);
1884 }
1885
1886 /* make sure status is written after written_size updates */
1887 smp_wmb();
1888 atomic_set(&s->status,
1889 (local_err ? DUMP_STATUS_FAILED : DUMP_STATUS_COMPLETED));
1890
1891 /* send DUMP_COMPLETED message (unconditionally) */
1892 result = qmp_query_dump(NULL);
1893 /* should never fail */
1894 assert(result);
1895 qapi_event_send_dump_completed(result, !!local_err, (local_err ?
1896 error_get_pretty(local_err) : NULL));
1897 qapi_free_DumpQueryResult(result);
1898
1899 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
1900 dump_cleanup(s);
1901 }
1902
1903 static void *dump_thread(void *data)
1904 {
1905 DumpState *s = (DumpState *)data;
1906 dump_process(s, NULL);
1907 return NULL;
1908 }
1909
1910 DumpQueryResult *qmp_query_dump(Error **errp)
1911 {
1912 DumpQueryResult *result = g_new(DumpQueryResult, 1);
1913 DumpState *state = &dump_state_global;
1914 result->status = atomic_read(&state->status);
1915 /* make sure we are reading status and written_size in order */
1916 smp_rmb();
1917 result->completed = state->written_size;
1918 result->total = state->total_size;
1919 return result;
1920 }
1921
1922 void qmp_dump_guest_memory(bool paging, const char *file,
1923 bool has_detach, bool detach,
1924 bool has_begin, int64_t begin, bool has_length,
1925 int64_t length, bool has_format,
1926 DumpGuestMemoryFormat format, Error **errp)
1927 {
1928 const char *p;
1929 int fd = -1;
1930 DumpState *s;
1931 Error *local_err = NULL;
1932 bool detach_p = false;
1933
1934 if (runstate_check(RUN_STATE_INMIGRATE)) {
1935 error_setg(errp, "Dump not allowed during incoming migration.");
1936 return;
1937 }
1938
1939 /* if there is a dump in background, we should wait until the dump
1940 * finished */
1941 if (dump_in_progress()) {
1942 error_setg(errp, "There is a dump in process, please wait.");
1943 return;
1944 }
1945
1946 /*
1947 * kdump-compressed format need the whole memory dumped, so paging or
1948 * filter is not supported here.
1949 */
1950 if ((has_format && format != DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF) &&
1951 (paging || has_begin || has_length)) {
1952 error_setg(errp, "kdump-compressed format doesn't support paging or "
1953 "filter");
1954 return;
1955 }
1956 if (has_begin && !has_length) {
1957 error_setg(errp, QERR_MISSING_PARAMETER, "length");
1958 return;
1959 }
1960 if (!has_begin && has_length) {
1961 error_setg(errp, QERR_MISSING_PARAMETER, "begin");
1962 return;
1963 }
1964 if (has_detach) {
1965 detach_p = detach;
1966 }
1967
1968 /* check whether lzo/snappy is supported */
1969 #ifndef CONFIG_LZO
1970 if (has_format && format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_LZO) {
1971 error_setg(errp, "kdump-lzo is not available now");
1972 return;
1973 }
1974 #endif
1975
1976 #ifndef CONFIG_SNAPPY
1977 if (has_format && format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_SNAPPY) {
1978 error_setg(errp, "kdump-snappy is not available now");
1979 return;
1980 }
1981 #endif
1982
1983 #ifndef TARGET_X86_64
1984 if (has_format && format == DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_WIN_DMP) {
1985 error_setg(errp, "Windows dump is only available for x86-64");
1986 return;
1987 }
1988 #endif
1989
1990 #if !defined(WIN32)
1991 if (strstart(file, "fd:", &p)) {
1992 fd = monitor_get_fd(cur_mon, p, errp);
1993 if (fd == -1) {
1994 return;
1995 }
1996 }
1997 #endif
1998
1999 if (strstart(file, "file:", &p)) {
2000 fd = qemu_open(p, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_BINARY, S_IRUSR);
2001 if (fd < 0) {
2002 error_setg_file_open(errp, errno, p);
2003 return;
2004 }
2005 }
2006
2007 if (fd == -1) {
2008 error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER, "protocol");
2009 return;
2010 }
2011
2012 s = &dump_state_global;
2013 dump_state_prepare(s);
2014
2015 dump_init(s, fd, has_format, format, paging, has_begin,
2016 begin, length, &local_err);
2017 if (local_err) {
2018 error_propagate(errp, local_err);
2019 atomic_set(&s->status, DUMP_STATUS_FAILED);
2020 return;
2021 }
2022
2023 if (detach_p) {
2024 /* detached dump */
2025 s->detached = true;
2026 qemu_thread_create(&s->dump_thread, "dump_thread", dump_thread,
2027 s, QEMU_THREAD_DETACHED);
2028 } else {
2029 /* sync dump */
2030 dump_process(s, errp);
2031 }
2032 }
2033
2034 DumpGuestMemoryCapability *qmp_query_dump_guest_memory_capability(Error **errp)
2035 {
2036 DumpGuestMemoryFormatList *item;
2037 DumpGuestMemoryCapability *cap =
2038 g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryCapability));
2039
2040 /* elf is always available */
2041 item = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryFormatList));
2042 cap->formats = item;
2043 item->value = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_ELF;
2044
2045 /* kdump-zlib is always available */
2046 item->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryFormatList));
2047 item = item->next;
2048 item->value = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_ZLIB;
2049
2050 /* add new item if kdump-lzo is available */
2051 #ifdef CONFIG_LZO
2052 item->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryFormatList));
2053 item = item->next;
2054 item->value = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_LZO;
2055 #endif
2056
2057 /* add new item if kdump-snappy is available */
2058 #ifdef CONFIG_SNAPPY
2059 item->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryFormatList));
2060 item = item->next;
2061 item->value = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_KDUMP_SNAPPY;
2062 #endif
2063
2064 /* Windows dump is available only if target is x86_64 */
2065 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
2066 item->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(DumpGuestMemoryFormatList));
2067 item = item->next;
2068 item->value = DUMP_GUEST_MEMORY_FORMAT_WIN_DMP;
2069 #endif
2070
2071 return cap;
2072 }