meson: convert hw/vfio
[qemu.git] / hw / ppc / sam460ex.c
1 /*
2 * QEMU aCube Sam460ex board emulation
3 *
4 * Copyright (c) 2012 Fran├žois Revol
5 * Copyright (c) 2016-2019 BALATON Zoltan
6 *
7 * This file is derived from hw/ppc440_bamboo.c,
8 * the copyright for that material belongs to the original owners.
9 *
10 * This work is licensed under the GNU GPL license version 2 or later.
11 *
12 */
13
14 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
15 #include "qemu/units.h"
16 #include "qemu-common.h"
17 #include "qemu/error-report.h"
18 #include "qapi/error.h"
19 #include "hw/boards.h"
20 #include "sysemu/kvm.h"
21 #include "kvm_ppc.h"
22 #include "sysemu/device_tree.h"
23 #include "sysemu/block-backend.h"
24 #include "hw/loader.h"
25 #include "elf.h"
26 #include "exec/address-spaces.h"
27 #include "exec/memory.h"
28 #include "ppc440.h"
29 #include "ppc405.h"
30 #include "hw/block/flash.h"
31 #include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
32 #include "sysemu/qtest.h"
33 #include "sysemu/reset.h"
34 #include "hw/sysbus.h"
35 #include "hw/char/serial.h"
36 #include "hw/i2c/ppc4xx_i2c.h"
37 #include "hw/i2c/smbus_eeprom.h"
38 #include "hw/usb/hcd-ehci.h"
39 #include "hw/ppc/fdt.h"
40 #include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
41
42 #include <libfdt.h>
43
44 #define BINARY_DEVICE_TREE_FILE "canyonlands.dtb"
45 #define UBOOT_FILENAME "u-boot-sam460-20100605.bin"
46 /* to extract the official U-Boot bin from the updater: */
47 /* dd bs=1 skip=$(($(stat -c '%s' updater/updater-460) - 0x80000)) \
48 if=updater/updater-460 of=u-boot-sam460-20100605.bin */
49
50 /* from Sam460 U-Boot include/configs/Sam460ex.h */
51 #define FLASH_BASE 0xfff00000
52 #define FLASH_BASE_H 0x4
53 #define FLASH_SIZE (1 * MiB)
54 #define UBOOT_LOAD_BASE 0xfff80000
55 #define UBOOT_SIZE 0x00080000
56 #define UBOOT_ENTRY 0xfffffffc
57
58 /* from U-Boot */
59 #define EPAPR_MAGIC (0x45504150)
60 #define KERNEL_ADDR 0x1000000
61 #define FDT_ADDR 0x1800000
62 #define RAMDISK_ADDR 0x1900000
63
64 /* Sam460ex IRQ MAP:
65 IRQ0 = ETH_INT
66 IRQ1 = FPGA_INT
67 IRQ2 = PCI_INT (PCIA, PCIB, PCIC, PCIB)
68 IRQ3 = FPGA_INT2
69 IRQ11 = RTC_INT
70 IRQ12 = SM502_INT
71 */
72
73 #define CPU_FREQ 1150000000
74 #define PLB_FREQ 230000000
75 #define OPB_FREQ 115000000
76 #define EBC_FREQ 115000000
77 #define UART_FREQ 11059200
78 #define SDRAM_NR_BANKS 4
79
80 /* The SoC could also handle 4 GiB but firmware does not work with that. */
81 /* Maybe it overflows a signed 32 bit number somewhere? */
82 static const ram_addr_t ppc460ex_sdram_bank_sizes[] = {
83 2 * GiB, 1 * GiB, 512 * MiB, 256 * MiB, 128 * MiB, 64 * MiB,
84 32 * MiB, 0
85 };
86
87 struct boot_info {
88 uint32_t dt_base;
89 uint32_t dt_size;
90 uint32_t entry;
91 };
92
93 static int sam460ex_load_uboot(void)
94 {
95 /*
96 * This first creates 1MiB of flash memory mapped at the end of
97 * the 32-bit address space (0xFFF00000..0xFFFFFFFF).
98 *
99 * If_PFLASH unit 0 is defined, the flash memory is initialized
100 * from that block backend.
101 *
102 * Else, it's initialized to zero. And then 512KiB of ROM get
103 * mapped on top of its second half (0xFFF80000..0xFFFFFFFF),
104 * initialized from u-boot-sam460-20100605.bin.
105 *
106 * This doesn't smell right.
107 *
108 * The physical hardware appears to have 512KiB flash memory.
109 *
110 * TODO Figure out what we really need here, and clean this up.
111 */
112
113 DriveInfo *dinfo;
114
115 dinfo = drive_get(IF_PFLASH, 0, 0);
116 if (!pflash_cfi01_register(FLASH_BASE | ((hwaddr)FLASH_BASE_H << 32),
117 "sam460ex.flash", FLASH_SIZE,
118 dinfo ? blk_by_legacy_dinfo(dinfo) : NULL,
119 64 * KiB, 1, 0x89, 0x18, 0x0000, 0x0, 1)) {
120 error_report("Error registering flash memory");
121 /* XXX: return an error instead? */
122 exit(1);
123 }
124
125 if (!dinfo) {
126 /*error_report("No flash image given with the 'pflash' parameter,"
127 " using default u-boot image");*/
128 rom_add_file_fixed(UBOOT_FILENAME,
129 UBOOT_LOAD_BASE | ((hwaddr)FLASH_BASE_H << 32),
130 -1);
131 }
132
133 return 0;
134 }
135
136 static int sam460ex_load_device_tree(hwaddr addr,
137 uint32_t ramsize,
138 hwaddr initrd_base,
139 hwaddr initrd_size,
140 const char *kernel_cmdline)
141 {
142 uint32_t mem_reg_property[] = { 0, 0, cpu_to_be32(ramsize) };
143 char *filename;
144 int fdt_size;
145 void *fdt;
146 uint32_t tb_freq = CPU_FREQ;
147 uint32_t clock_freq = CPU_FREQ;
148 int offset;
149
150 filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, BINARY_DEVICE_TREE_FILE);
151 if (!filename) {
152 error_report("Couldn't find dtb file `%s'", BINARY_DEVICE_TREE_FILE);
153 exit(1);
154 }
155 fdt = load_device_tree(filename, &fdt_size);
156 if (!fdt) {
157 error_report("Couldn't load dtb file `%s'", filename);
158 g_free(filename);
159 exit(1);
160 }
161 g_free(filename);
162
163 /* Manipulate device tree in memory. */
164
165 qemu_fdt_setprop(fdt, "/memory", "reg", mem_reg_property,
166 sizeof(mem_reg_property));
167
168 /* default FDT doesn't have a /chosen node... */
169 qemu_fdt_add_subnode(fdt, "/chosen");
170
171 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/chosen", "linux,initrd-start", initrd_base);
172
173 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/chosen", "linux,initrd-end",
174 (initrd_base + initrd_size));
175
176 qemu_fdt_setprop_string(fdt, "/chosen", "bootargs", kernel_cmdline);
177
178 /* Copy data from the host device tree into the guest. Since the guest can
179 * directly access the timebase without host involvement, we must expose
180 * the correct frequencies. */
181 if (kvm_enabled()) {
182 tb_freq = kvmppc_get_tbfreq();
183 clock_freq = kvmppc_get_clockfreq();
184 }
185
186 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/cpus/cpu@0", "clock-frequency",
187 clock_freq);
188 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/cpus/cpu@0", "timebase-frequency",
189 tb_freq);
190
191 /* Remove cpm node if it exists (it is not emulated) */
192 offset = fdt_path_offset(fdt, "/cpm");
193 if (offset >= 0) {
194 _FDT(fdt_nop_node(fdt, offset));
195 }
196
197 /* set serial port clocks */
198 offset = fdt_node_offset_by_compatible(fdt, -1, "ns16550");
199 while (offset >= 0) {
200 _FDT(fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, offset, "clock-frequency", UART_FREQ));
201 offset = fdt_node_offset_by_compatible(fdt, offset, "ns16550");
202 }
203
204 /* some more clocks */
205 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/plb", "clock-frequency",
206 PLB_FREQ);
207 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/plb/opb", "clock-frequency",
208 OPB_FREQ);
209 qemu_fdt_setprop_cell(fdt, "/plb/opb/ebc", "clock-frequency",
210 EBC_FREQ);
211
212 rom_add_blob_fixed(BINARY_DEVICE_TREE_FILE, fdt, fdt_size, addr);
213 g_free(fdt);
214
215 return fdt_size;
216 }
217
218 /* Create reset TLB entries for BookE, mapping only the flash memory. */
219 static void mmubooke_create_initial_mapping_uboot(CPUPPCState *env)
220 {
221 ppcemb_tlb_t *tlb = &env->tlb.tlbe[0];
222
223 /* on reset the flash is mapped by a shadow TLB,
224 * but since we don't implement them we need to use
225 * the same values U-Boot will use to avoid a fault.
226 */
227 tlb->attr = 0;
228 tlb->prot = PAGE_VALID | ((PAGE_READ | PAGE_WRITE | PAGE_EXEC) << 4);
229 tlb->size = 0x10000000; /* up to 0xffffffff */
230 tlb->EPN = 0xf0000000 & TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
231 tlb->RPN = (0xf0000000 & TARGET_PAGE_MASK) | 0x4;
232 tlb->PID = 0;
233 }
234
235 /* Create reset TLB entries for BookE, spanning the 32bit addr space. */
236 static void mmubooke_create_initial_mapping(CPUPPCState *env,
237 target_ulong va,
238 hwaddr pa)
239 {
240 ppcemb_tlb_t *tlb = &env->tlb.tlbe[0];
241
242 tlb->attr = 0;
243 tlb->prot = PAGE_VALID | ((PAGE_READ | PAGE_WRITE | PAGE_EXEC) << 4);
244 tlb->size = 1 << 31; /* up to 0x80000000 */
245 tlb->EPN = va & TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
246 tlb->RPN = pa & TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
247 tlb->PID = 0;
248 }
249
250 static void main_cpu_reset(void *opaque)
251 {
252 PowerPCCPU *cpu = opaque;
253 CPUPPCState *env = &cpu->env;
254 struct boot_info *bi = env->load_info;
255
256 cpu_reset(CPU(cpu));
257
258 /* either we have a kernel to boot or we jump to U-Boot */
259 if (bi->entry != UBOOT_ENTRY) {
260 env->gpr[1] = (16 * MiB) - 8;
261 env->gpr[3] = FDT_ADDR;
262 env->nip = bi->entry;
263
264 /* Create a mapping for the kernel. */
265 mmubooke_create_initial_mapping(env, 0, 0);
266 env->gpr[6] = tswap32(EPAPR_MAGIC);
267 env->gpr[7] = (16 * MiB) - 8; /* bi->ima_size; */
268
269 } else {
270 env->nip = UBOOT_ENTRY;
271 mmubooke_create_initial_mapping_uboot(env);
272 }
273 }
274
275 static void sam460ex_init(MachineState *machine)
276 {
277 MemoryRegion *address_space_mem = get_system_memory();
278 MemoryRegion *isa = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
279 MemoryRegion *ram_memories = g_new(MemoryRegion, SDRAM_NR_BANKS);
280 hwaddr ram_bases[SDRAM_NR_BANKS] = {0};
281 hwaddr ram_sizes[SDRAM_NR_BANKS] = {0};
282 MemoryRegion *l2cache_ram = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
283 qemu_irq *irqs, *uic[4];
284 PCIBus *pci_bus;
285 PowerPCCPU *cpu;
286 CPUPPCState *env;
287 I2CBus *i2c;
288 hwaddr entry = UBOOT_ENTRY;
289 hwaddr loadaddr = LOAD_UIMAGE_LOADADDR_INVALID;
290 target_long initrd_size = 0;
291 DeviceState *dev;
292 SysBusDevice *sbdev;
293 struct boot_info *boot_info;
294 uint8_t *spd_data;
295 int success;
296
297 cpu = POWERPC_CPU(cpu_create(machine->cpu_type));
298 env = &cpu->env;
299 if (env->mmu_model != POWERPC_MMU_BOOKE) {
300 error_report("Only MMU model BookE is supported by this machine.");
301 exit(1);
302 }
303
304 qemu_register_reset(main_cpu_reset, cpu);
305 boot_info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*boot_info));
306 env->load_info = boot_info;
307
308 ppc_booke_timers_init(cpu, CPU_FREQ, 0);
309 ppc_dcr_init(env, NULL, NULL);
310
311 /* PLB arbitrer */
312 ppc4xx_plb_init(env);
313
314 /* interrupt controllers */
315 irqs = g_new0(qemu_irq, PPCUIC_OUTPUT_NB);
316 irqs[PPCUIC_OUTPUT_INT] = ((qemu_irq *)env->irq_inputs)[PPC40x_INPUT_INT];
317 irqs[PPCUIC_OUTPUT_CINT] = ((qemu_irq *)env->irq_inputs)[PPC40x_INPUT_CINT];
318 uic[0] = ppcuic_init(env, irqs, 0xc0, 0, 1);
319 uic[1] = ppcuic_init(env, &uic[0][30], 0xd0, 0, 1);
320 uic[2] = ppcuic_init(env, &uic[0][10], 0xe0, 0, 1);
321 uic[3] = ppcuic_init(env, &uic[0][16], 0xf0, 0, 1);
322
323 /* SDRAM controller */
324 /* put all RAM on first bank because board has one slot
325 * and firmware only checks that */
326 ppc4xx_sdram_banks(machine->ram, 1, ram_memories, ram_bases, ram_sizes,
327 ppc460ex_sdram_bank_sizes);
328
329 /* FIXME: does 460EX have ECC interrupts? */
330 ppc440_sdram_init(env, SDRAM_NR_BANKS, ram_memories,
331 ram_bases, ram_sizes, 1);
332
333 /* IIC controllers and devices */
334 dev = sysbus_create_simple(TYPE_PPC4xx_I2C, 0x4ef600700, uic[0][2]);
335 i2c = PPC4xx_I2C(dev)->bus;
336 /* SPD EEPROM on RAM module */
337 spd_data = spd_data_generate(ram_sizes[0] < 128 * MiB ? DDR : DDR2,
338 ram_sizes[0]);
339 spd_data[20] = 4; /* SO-DIMM module */
340 smbus_eeprom_init_one(i2c, 0x50, spd_data);
341 /* RTC */
342 i2c_slave_create_simple(i2c, "m41t80", 0x68);
343
344 dev = sysbus_create_simple(TYPE_PPC4xx_I2C, 0x4ef600800, uic[0][3]);
345
346 /* External bus controller */
347 ppc405_ebc_init(env);
348
349 /* CPR */
350 ppc4xx_cpr_init(env);
351
352 /* PLB to AHB bridge */
353 ppc4xx_ahb_init(env);
354
355 /* System DCRs */
356 ppc4xx_sdr_init(env);
357
358 /* MAL */
359 ppc4xx_mal_init(env, 4, 16, &uic[2][3]);
360
361 /* DMA */
362 ppc4xx_dma_init(env, 0x200);
363
364 /* 256K of L2 cache as memory */
365 ppc4xx_l2sram_init(env);
366 /* FIXME: remove this after fixing l2sram mapping in ppc440_uc.c? */
367 memory_region_init_ram(l2cache_ram, NULL, "ppc440.l2cache_ram", 256 * KiB,
368 &error_abort);
369 memory_region_add_subregion(address_space_mem, 0x400000000LL, l2cache_ram);
370
371 /* USB */
372 sysbus_create_simple(TYPE_PPC4xx_EHCI, 0x4bffd0400, uic[2][29]);
373 dev = qdev_new("sysbus-ohci");
374 qdev_prop_set_string(dev, "masterbus", "usb-bus.0");
375 qdev_prop_set_uint32(dev, "num-ports", 6);
376 sbdev = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev);
377 sysbus_realize_and_unref(sbdev, &error_fatal);
378 sysbus_mmio_map(sbdev, 0, 0x4bffd0000);
379 sysbus_connect_irq(sbdev, 0, uic[2][30]);
380 usb_create_simple(usb_bus_find(-1), "usb-kbd");
381 usb_create_simple(usb_bus_find(-1), "usb-mouse");
382
383 /* PCI bus */
384 ppc460ex_pcie_init(env);
385 /* All PCI irqs are connected to the same UIC pin (cf. UBoot source) */
386 dev = sysbus_create_simple("ppc440-pcix-host", 0xc0ec00000, uic[1][0]);
387 pci_bus = (PCIBus *)qdev_get_child_bus(dev, "pci.0");
388 if (!pci_bus) {
389 error_report("couldn't create PCI controller!");
390 exit(1);
391 }
392 memory_region_init_alias(isa, NULL, "isa_mmio", get_system_io(),
393 0, 0x10000);
394 memory_region_add_subregion(get_system_memory(), 0xc08000000, isa);
395
396 /* PCI devices */
397 pci_create_simple(pci_bus, PCI_DEVFN(6, 0), "sm501");
398 /* SoC has a single SATA port but we don't emulate that yet
399 * However, firmware and usual clients have driver for SiI311x
400 * so add one for convenience by default */
401 if (defaults_enabled()) {
402 pci_create_simple(pci_bus, -1, "sii3112");
403 }
404
405 /* SoC has 4 UARTs
406 * but board has only one wired and two are present in fdt */
407 if (serial_hd(0) != NULL) {
408 serial_mm_init(address_space_mem, 0x4ef600300, 0, uic[1][1],
409 PPC_SERIAL_MM_BAUDBASE, serial_hd(0),
410 DEVICE_BIG_ENDIAN);
411 }
412 if (serial_hd(1) != NULL) {
413 serial_mm_init(address_space_mem, 0x4ef600400, 0, uic[0][1],
414 PPC_SERIAL_MM_BAUDBASE, serial_hd(1),
415 DEVICE_BIG_ENDIAN);
416 }
417
418 /* Load U-Boot image. */
419 if (!machine->kernel_filename) {
420 success = sam460ex_load_uboot();
421 if (success < 0) {
422 error_report("could not load firmware");
423 exit(1);
424 }
425 }
426
427 /* Load kernel. */
428 if (machine->kernel_filename) {
429 success = load_uimage(machine->kernel_filename, &entry, &loadaddr,
430 NULL, NULL, NULL);
431 if (success < 0) {
432 uint64_t elf_entry, elf_lowaddr;
433
434 success = load_elf(machine->kernel_filename, NULL,
435 NULL, NULL, &elf_entry,
436 &elf_lowaddr, NULL, NULL, 1, PPC_ELF_MACHINE, 0,
437 0);
438 entry = elf_entry;
439 loadaddr = elf_lowaddr;
440 }
441 /* XXX try again as binary */
442 if (success < 0) {
443 error_report("could not load kernel '%s'",
444 machine->kernel_filename);
445 exit(1);
446 }
447 }
448
449 /* Load initrd. */
450 if (machine->initrd_filename) {
451 initrd_size = load_image_targphys(machine->initrd_filename,
452 RAMDISK_ADDR,
453 machine->ram_size - RAMDISK_ADDR);
454 if (initrd_size < 0) {
455 error_report("could not load ram disk '%s' at %x",
456 machine->initrd_filename, RAMDISK_ADDR);
457 exit(1);
458 }
459 }
460
461 /* If we're loading a kernel directly, we must load the device tree too. */
462 if (machine->kernel_filename) {
463 int dt_size;
464
465 dt_size = sam460ex_load_device_tree(FDT_ADDR, machine->ram_size,
466 RAMDISK_ADDR, initrd_size,
467 machine->kernel_cmdline);
468
469 boot_info->dt_base = FDT_ADDR;
470 boot_info->dt_size = dt_size;
471 }
472
473 boot_info->entry = entry;
474 }
475
476 static void sam460ex_machine_init(MachineClass *mc)
477 {
478 mc->desc = "aCube Sam460ex";
479 mc->init = sam460ex_init;
480 mc->default_cpu_type = POWERPC_CPU_TYPE_NAME("460exb");
481 mc->default_ram_size = 512 * MiB;
482 mc->default_ram_id = "ppc4xx.sdram";
483 }
484
485 DEFINE_MACHINE("sam460ex", sam460ex_machine_init)