Merge branch 'for-upstream' of git://repo.or.cz/qemu/agraf
[qemu.git] / linux-user / elfload.c
1 /* This is the Linux kernel elf-loading code, ported into user space */
2 #include <sys/time.h>
3 #include <sys/param.h>
4
5 #include <stdio.h>
6 #include <sys/types.h>
7 #include <fcntl.h>
8 #include <errno.h>
9 #include <unistd.h>
10 #include <sys/mman.h>
11 #include <sys/resource.h>
12 #include <stdlib.h>
13 #include <string.h>
14 #include <time.h>
15
16 #include "qemu.h"
17 #include "disas.h"
18
19 #ifdef _ARCH_PPC64
20 #undef ARCH_DLINFO
21 #undef ELF_PLATFORM
22 #undef ELF_HWCAP
23 #undef ELF_CLASS
24 #undef ELF_DATA
25 #undef ELF_ARCH
26 #endif
27
28 #define ELF_OSABI ELFOSABI_SYSV
29
30 /* from personality.h */
31
32 /*
33 * Flags for bug emulation.
34 *
35 * These occupy the top three bytes.
36 */
37 enum {
38 ADDR_NO_RANDOMIZE = 0x0040000, /* disable randomization of VA space */
39 FDPIC_FUNCPTRS = 0x0080000, /* userspace function ptrs point to
40 descriptors (signal handling) */
41 MMAP_PAGE_ZERO = 0x0100000,
42 ADDR_COMPAT_LAYOUT = 0x0200000,
43 READ_IMPLIES_EXEC = 0x0400000,
44 ADDR_LIMIT_32BIT = 0x0800000,
45 SHORT_INODE = 0x1000000,
46 WHOLE_SECONDS = 0x2000000,
47 STICKY_TIMEOUTS = 0x4000000,
48 ADDR_LIMIT_3GB = 0x8000000,
49 };
50
51 /*
52 * Personality types.
53 *
54 * These go in the low byte. Avoid using the top bit, it will
55 * conflict with error returns.
56 */
57 enum {
58 PER_LINUX = 0x0000,
59 PER_LINUX_32BIT = 0x0000 | ADDR_LIMIT_32BIT,
60 PER_LINUX_FDPIC = 0x0000 | FDPIC_FUNCPTRS,
61 PER_SVR4 = 0x0001 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | MMAP_PAGE_ZERO,
62 PER_SVR3 = 0x0002 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | SHORT_INODE,
63 PER_SCOSVR3 = 0x0003 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | WHOLE_SECONDS | SHORT_INODE,
64 PER_OSR5 = 0x0003 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | WHOLE_SECONDS,
65 PER_WYSEV386 = 0x0004 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | SHORT_INODE,
66 PER_ISCR4 = 0x0005 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,
67 PER_BSD = 0x0006,
68 PER_SUNOS = 0x0006 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,
69 PER_XENIX = 0x0007 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | SHORT_INODE,
70 PER_LINUX32 = 0x0008,
71 PER_LINUX32_3GB = 0x0008 | ADDR_LIMIT_3GB,
72 PER_IRIX32 = 0x0009 | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,/* IRIX5 32-bit */
73 PER_IRIXN32 = 0x000a | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,/* IRIX6 new 32-bit */
74 PER_IRIX64 = 0x000b | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,/* IRIX6 64-bit */
75 PER_RISCOS = 0x000c,
76 PER_SOLARIS = 0x000d | STICKY_TIMEOUTS,
77 PER_UW7 = 0x000e | STICKY_TIMEOUTS | MMAP_PAGE_ZERO,
78 PER_OSF4 = 0x000f, /* OSF/1 v4 */
79 PER_HPUX = 0x0010,
80 PER_MASK = 0x00ff,
81 };
82
83 /*
84 * Return the base personality without flags.
85 */
86 #define personality(pers) (pers & PER_MASK)
87
88 /* this flag is uneffective under linux too, should be deleted */
89 #ifndef MAP_DENYWRITE
90 #define MAP_DENYWRITE 0
91 #endif
92
93 /* should probably go in elf.h */
94 #ifndef ELIBBAD
95 #define ELIBBAD 80
96 #endif
97
98 #ifdef TARGET_WORDS_BIGENDIAN
99 #define ELF_DATA ELFDATA2MSB
100 #else
101 #define ELF_DATA ELFDATA2LSB
102 #endif
103
104 typedef target_ulong target_elf_greg_t;
105 #ifdef USE_UID16
106 typedef target_ushort target_uid_t;
107 typedef target_ushort target_gid_t;
108 #else
109 typedef target_uint target_uid_t;
110 typedef target_uint target_gid_t;
111 #endif
112 typedef target_int target_pid_t;
113
114 #ifdef TARGET_I386
115
116 #define ELF_PLATFORM get_elf_platform()
117
118 static const char *get_elf_platform(void)
119 {
120 static char elf_platform[] = "i386";
121 int family = (thread_env->cpuid_version >> 8) & 0xff;
122 if (family > 6)
123 family = 6;
124 if (family >= 3)
125 elf_platform[1] = '0' + family;
126 return elf_platform;
127 }
128
129 #define ELF_HWCAP get_elf_hwcap()
130
131 static uint32_t get_elf_hwcap(void)
132 {
133 return thread_env->cpuid_features;
134 }
135
136 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
137 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x2aaaaab000ULL
138 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( ((x) == ELF_ARCH) )
139
140 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
141 #define ELF_ARCH EM_X86_64
142
143 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs, struct image_info *infop)
144 {
145 regs->rax = 0;
146 regs->rsp = infop->start_stack;
147 regs->rip = infop->entry;
148 }
149
150 #define ELF_NREG 27
151 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
152
153 /*
154 * Note that ELF_NREG should be 29 as there should be place for
155 * TRAPNO and ERR "registers" as well but linux doesn't dump
156 * those.
157 *
158 * See linux kernel: arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
159 */
160 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
161 {
162 (*regs)[0] = env->regs[15];
163 (*regs)[1] = env->regs[14];
164 (*regs)[2] = env->regs[13];
165 (*regs)[3] = env->regs[12];
166 (*regs)[4] = env->regs[R_EBP];
167 (*regs)[5] = env->regs[R_EBX];
168 (*regs)[6] = env->regs[11];
169 (*regs)[7] = env->regs[10];
170 (*regs)[8] = env->regs[9];
171 (*regs)[9] = env->regs[8];
172 (*regs)[10] = env->regs[R_EAX];
173 (*regs)[11] = env->regs[R_ECX];
174 (*regs)[12] = env->regs[R_EDX];
175 (*regs)[13] = env->regs[R_ESI];
176 (*regs)[14] = env->regs[R_EDI];
177 (*regs)[15] = env->regs[R_EAX]; /* XXX */
178 (*regs)[16] = env->eip;
179 (*regs)[17] = env->segs[R_CS].selector & 0xffff;
180 (*regs)[18] = env->eflags;
181 (*regs)[19] = env->regs[R_ESP];
182 (*regs)[20] = env->segs[R_SS].selector & 0xffff;
183 (*regs)[21] = env->segs[R_FS].selector & 0xffff;
184 (*regs)[22] = env->segs[R_GS].selector & 0xffff;
185 (*regs)[23] = env->segs[R_DS].selector & 0xffff;
186 (*regs)[24] = env->segs[R_ES].selector & 0xffff;
187 (*regs)[25] = env->segs[R_FS].selector & 0xffff;
188 (*regs)[26] = env->segs[R_GS].selector & 0xffff;
189 }
190
191 #else
192
193 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
194
195 /*
196 * This is used to ensure we don't load something for the wrong architecture.
197 */
198 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( ((x) == EM_386) || ((x) == EM_486) )
199
200 /*
201 * These are used to set parameters in the core dumps.
202 */
203 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
204 #define ELF_ARCH EM_386
205
206 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
207 struct image_info *infop)
208 {
209 regs->esp = infop->start_stack;
210 regs->eip = infop->entry;
211
212 /* SVR4/i386 ABI (pages 3-31, 3-32) says that when the program
213 starts %edx contains a pointer to a function which might be
214 registered using `atexit'. This provides a mean for the
215 dynamic linker to call DT_FINI functions for shared libraries
216 that have been loaded before the code runs.
217
218 A value of 0 tells we have no such handler. */
219 regs->edx = 0;
220 }
221
222 #define ELF_NREG 17
223 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
224
225 /*
226 * Note that ELF_NREG should be 19 as there should be place for
227 * TRAPNO and ERR "registers" as well but linux doesn't dump
228 * those.
229 *
230 * See linux kernel: arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
231 */
232 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
233 {
234 (*regs)[0] = env->regs[R_EBX];
235 (*regs)[1] = env->regs[R_ECX];
236 (*regs)[2] = env->regs[R_EDX];
237 (*regs)[3] = env->regs[R_ESI];
238 (*regs)[4] = env->regs[R_EDI];
239 (*regs)[5] = env->regs[R_EBP];
240 (*regs)[6] = env->regs[R_EAX];
241 (*regs)[7] = env->segs[R_DS].selector & 0xffff;
242 (*regs)[8] = env->segs[R_ES].selector & 0xffff;
243 (*regs)[9] = env->segs[R_FS].selector & 0xffff;
244 (*regs)[10] = env->segs[R_GS].selector & 0xffff;
245 (*regs)[11] = env->regs[R_EAX]; /* XXX */
246 (*regs)[12] = env->eip;
247 (*regs)[13] = env->segs[R_CS].selector & 0xffff;
248 (*regs)[14] = env->eflags;
249 (*regs)[15] = env->regs[R_ESP];
250 (*regs)[16] = env->segs[R_SS].selector & 0xffff;
251 }
252 #endif
253
254 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
255 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
256
257 #endif
258
259 #ifdef TARGET_ARM
260
261 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
262
263 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_ARM )
264
265 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
266 #define ELF_ARCH EM_ARM
267
268 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
269 struct image_info *infop)
270 {
271 abi_long stack = infop->start_stack;
272 memset(regs, 0, sizeof(*regs));
273 regs->ARM_cpsr = 0x10;
274 if (infop->entry & 1)
275 regs->ARM_cpsr |= CPSR_T;
276 regs->ARM_pc = infop->entry & 0xfffffffe;
277 regs->ARM_sp = infop->start_stack;
278 /* FIXME - what to for failure of get_user()? */
279 get_user_ual(regs->ARM_r2, stack + 8); /* envp */
280 get_user_ual(regs->ARM_r1, stack + 4); /* envp */
281 /* XXX: it seems that r0 is zeroed after ! */
282 regs->ARM_r0 = 0;
283 /* For uClinux PIC binaries. */
284 /* XXX: Linux does this only on ARM with no MMU (do we care ?) */
285 regs->ARM_r10 = infop->start_data;
286 }
287
288 #define ELF_NREG 18
289 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
290
291 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
292 {
293 (*regs)[0] = tswapl(env->regs[0]);
294 (*regs)[1] = tswapl(env->regs[1]);
295 (*regs)[2] = tswapl(env->regs[2]);
296 (*regs)[3] = tswapl(env->regs[3]);
297 (*regs)[4] = tswapl(env->regs[4]);
298 (*regs)[5] = tswapl(env->regs[5]);
299 (*regs)[6] = tswapl(env->regs[6]);
300 (*regs)[7] = tswapl(env->regs[7]);
301 (*regs)[8] = tswapl(env->regs[8]);
302 (*regs)[9] = tswapl(env->regs[9]);
303 (*regs)[10] = tswapl(env->regs[10]);
304 (*regs)[11] = tswapl(env->regs[11]);
305 (*regs)[12] = tswapl(env->regs[12]);
306 (*regs)[13] = tswapl(env->regs[13]);
307 (*regs)[14] = tswapl(env->regs[14]);
308 (*regs)[15] = tswapl(env->regs[15]);
309
310 (*regs)[16] = tswapl(cpsr_read((CPUState *)env));
311 (*regs)[17] = tswapl(env->regs[0]); /* XXX */
312 }
313
314 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
315 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
316
317 enum
318 {
319 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_SWP = 1 << 0,
320 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_HALF = 1 << 1,
321 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_THUMB = 1 << 2,
322 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_26BIT = 1 << 3,
323 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_FAST_MULT = 1 << 4,
324 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_FPA = 1 << 5,
325 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_VFP = 1 << 6,
326 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_EDSP = 1 << 7,
327 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_JAVA = 1 << 8,
328 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_IWMMXT = 1 << 9,
329 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_THUMBEE = 1 << 10,
330 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_NEON = 1 << 11,
331 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_VFPv3 = 1 << 12,
332 ARM_HWCAP_ARM_VFPv3D16 = 1 << 13,
333 };
334
335 #define TARGET_HAS_GUEST_VALIDATE_BASE
336 /* We want the opportunity to check the suggested base */
337 bool guest_validate_base(unsigned long guest_base)
338 {
339 unsigned long real_start, test_page_addr;
340
341 /* We need to check that we can force a fault on access to the
342 * commpage at 0xffff0fxx
343 */
344 test_page_addr = guest_base + (0xffff0f00 & qemu_host_page_mask);
345 /* Note it needs to be writeable to let us initialise it */
346 real_start = (unsigned long)
347 mmap((void *)test_page_addr, qemu_host_page_size,
348 PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
349 MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
350
351 /* If we can't map it then try another address */
352 if (real_start == -1ul) {
353 return 0;
354 }
355
356 if (real_start != test_page_addr) {
357 /* OS didn't put the page where we asked - unmap and reject */
358 munmap((void *)real_start, qemu_host_page_size);
359 return 0;
360 }
361
362 /* Leave the page mapped
363 * Populate it (mmap should have left it all 0'd)
364 */
365
366 /* Kernel helper versions */
367 __put_user(5, (uint32_t *)g2h(0xffff0ffcul));
368
369 /* Now it's populated make it RO */
370 if (mprotect((void *)test_page_addr, qemu_host_page_size, PROT_READ)) {
371 perror("Protecting guest commpage");
372 exit(-1);
373 }
374
375 return 1; /* All good */
376 }
377
378 #define ELF_HWCAP (ARM_HWCAP_ARM_SWP | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_HALF \
379 | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_THUMB | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_FAST_MULT \
380 | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_FPA | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_VFP \
381 | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_NEON | ARM_HWCAP_ARM_VFPv3 )
382
383 #endif
384
385 #ifdef TARGET_UNICORE32
386
387 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
388
389 #define elf_check_arch(x) ((x) == EM_UNICORE32)
390
391 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
392 #define ELF_DATA ELFDATA2LSB
393 #define ELF_ARCH EM_UNICORE32
394
395 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
396 struct image_info *infop)
397 {
398 abi_long stack = infop->start_stack;
399 memset(regs, 0, sizeof(*regs));
400 regs->UC32_REG_asr = 0x10;
401 regs->UC32_REG_pc = infop->entry & 0xfffffffe;
402 regs->UC32_REG_sp = infop->start_stack;
403 /* FIXME - what to for failure of get_user()? */
404 get_user_ual(regs->UC32_REG_02, stack + 8); /* envp */
405 get_user_ual(regs->UC32_REG_01, stack + 4); /* envp */
406 /* XXX: it seems that r0 is zeroed after ! */
407 regs->UC32_REG_00 = 0;
408 }
409
410 #define ELF_NREG 34
411 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
412
413 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
414 {
415 (*regs)[0] = env->regs[0];
416 (*regs)[1] = env->regs[1];
417 (*regs)[2] = env->regs[2];
418 (*regs)[3] = env->regs[3];
419 (*regs)[4] = env->regs[4];
420 (*regs)[5] = env->regs[5];
421 (*regs)[6] = env->regs[6];
422 (*regs)[7] = env->regs[7];
423 (*regs)[8] = env->regs[8];
424 (*regs)[9] = env->regs[9];
425 (*regs)[10] = env->regs[10];
426 (*regs)[11] = env->regs[11];
427 (*regs)[12] = env->regs[12];
428 (*regs)[13] = env->regs[13];
429 (*regs)[14] = env->regs[14];
430 (*regs)[15] = env->regs[15];
431 (*regs)[16] = env->regs[16];
432 (*regs)[17] = env->regs[17];
433 (*regs)[18] = env->regs[18];
434 (*regs)[19] = env->regs[19];
435 (*regs)[20] = env->regs[20];
436 (*regs)[21] = env->regs[21];
437 (*regs)[22] = env->regs[22];
438 (*regs)[23] = env->regs[23];
439 (*regs)[24] = env->regs[24];
440 (*regs)[25] = env->regs[25];
441 (*regs)[26] = env->regs[26];
442 (*regs)[27] = env->regs[27];
443 (*regs)[28] = env->regs[28];
444 (*regs)[29] = env->regs[29];
445 (*regs)[30] = env->regs[30];
446 (*regs)[31] = env->regs[31];
447
448 (*regs)[32] = cpu_asr_read((CPUState *)env);
449 (*regs)[33] = env->regs[0]; /* XXX */
450 }
451
452 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
453 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
454
455 #define ELF_HWCAP (UC32_HWCAP_CMOV | UC32_HWCAP_UCF64)
456
457 #endif
458
459 #ifdef TARGET_SPARC
460 #ifdef TARGET_SPARC64
461
462 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
463 #define ELF_HWCAP (HWCAP_SPARC_FLUSH | HWCAP_SPARC_STBAR | HWCAP_SPARC_SWAP \
464 | HWCAP_SPARC_MULDIV | HWCAP_SPARC_V9)
465 #ifndef TARGET_ABI32
466 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_SPARCV9 || (x) == EM_SPARC32PLUS )
467 #else
468 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_SPARC32PLUS || (x) == EM_SPARC )
469 #endif
470
471 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
472 #define ELF_ARCH EM_SPARCV9
473
474 #define STACK_BIAS 2047
475
476 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
477 struct image_info *infop)
478 {
479 #ifndef TARGET_ABI32
480 regs->tstate = 0;
481 #endif
482 regs->pc = infop->entry;
483 regs->npc = regs->pc + 4;
484 regs->y = 0;
485 #ifdef TARGET_ABI32
486 regs->u_regs[14] = infop->start_stack - 16 * 4;
487 #else
488 if (personality(infop->personality) == PER_LINUX32)
489 regs->u_regs[14] = infop->start_stack - 16 * 4;
490 else
491 regs->u_regs[14] = infop->start_stack - 16 * 8 - STACK_BIAS;
492 #endif
493 }
494
495 #else
496 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
497 #define ELF_HWCAP (HWCAP_SPARC_FLUSH | HWCAP_SPARC_STBAR | HWCAP_SPARC_SWAP \
498 | HWCAP_SPARC_MULDIV)
499 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_SPARC )
500
501 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
502 #define ELF_ARCH EM_SPARC
503
504 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
505 struct image_info *infop)
506 {
507 regs->psr = 0;
508 regs->pc = infop->entry;
509 regs->npc = regs->pc + 4;
510 regs->y = 0;
511 regs->u_regs[14] = infop->start_stack - 16 * 4;
512 }
513
514 #endif
515 #endif
516
517 #ifdef TARGET_PPC
518
519 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
520
521 #if defined(TARGET_PPC64) && !defined(TARGET_ABI32)
522
523 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_PPC64 )
524
525 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
526
527 #else
528
529 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_PPC )
530
531 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
532
533 #endif
534
535 #define ELF_ARCH EM_PPC
536
537 /* Feature masks for the Aux Vector Hardware Capabilities (AT_HWCAP).
538 See arch/powerpc/include/asm/cputable.h. */
539 enum {
540 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_32 = 0x80000000,
541 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_64 = 0x40000000,
542 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_601_INSTR = 0x20000000,
543 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_ALTIVEC = 0x10000000,
544 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_FPU = 0x08000000,
545 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_MMU = 0x04000000,
546 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_4xxMAC = 0x02000000,
547 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_UNIFIED_CACHE = 0x01000000,
548 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_SPE = 0x00800000,
549 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_EFP_SINGLE = 0x00400000,
550 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_EFP_DOUBLE = 0x00200000,
551 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_NO_TB = 0x00100000,
552 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_POWER4 = 0x00080000,
553 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_POWER5 = 0x00040000,
554 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_POWER5_PLUS = 0x00020000,
555 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_CELL = 0x00010000,
556 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_BOOKE = 0x00008000,
557 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_SMT = 0x00004000,
558 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_ICACHE_SNOOP = 0x00002000,
559 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_ARCH_2_05 = 0x00001000,
560 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_PA6T = 0x00000800,
561 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_DFP = 0x00000400,
562 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_POWER6_EXT = 0x00000200,
563 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_ARCH_2_06 = 0x00000100,
564 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_VSX = 0x00000080,
565 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_PSERIES_PERFMON_COMPAT = 0x00000040,
566
567 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_TRUE_LE = 0x00000002,
568 QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_PPC_LE = 0x00000001,
569 };
570
571 #define ELF_HWCAP get_elf_hwcap()
572
573 static uint32_t get_elf_hwcap(void)
574 {
575 CPUState *e = thread_env;
576 uint32_t features = 0;
577
578 /* We don't have to be terribly complete here; the high points are
579 Altivec/FP/SPE support. Anything else is just a bonus. */
580 #define GET_FEATURE(flag, feature) \
581 do {if (e->insns_flags & flag) features |= feature; } while(0)
582 GET_FEATURE(PPC_64B, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_64);
583 GET_FEATURE(PPC_FLOAT, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_FPU);
584 GET_FEATURE(PPC_ALTIVEC, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_ALTIVEC);
585 GET_FEATURE(PPC_SPE, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_SPE);
586 GET_FEATURE(PPC_SPE_SINGLE, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_EFP_SINGLE);
587 GET_FEATURE(PPC_SPE_DOUBLE, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_EFP_DOUBLE);
588 GET_FEATURE(PPC_BOOKE, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_BOOKE);
589 GET_FEATURE(PPC_405_MAC, QEMU_PPC_FEATURE_HAS_4xxMAC);
590 #undef GET_FEATURE
591
592 return features;
593 }
594
595 /*
596 * The requirements here are:
597 * - keep the final alignment of sp (sp & 0xf)
598 * - make sure the 32-bit value at the first 16 byte aligned position of
599 * AUXV is greater than 16 for glibc compatibility.
600 * AT_IGNOREPPC is used for that.
601 * - for compatibility with glibc ARCH_DLINFO must always be defined on PPC,
602 * even if DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS goes to zero or is undefined.
603 */
604 #define DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS 5
605 #define ARCH_DLINFO \
606 do { \
607 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_DCACHEBSIZE, 0x20); \
608 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ICACHEBSIZE, 0x20); \
609 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UCACHEBSIZE, 0); \
610 /* \
611 * Now handle glibc compatibility. \
612 */ \
613 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_IGNOREPPC, AT_IGNOREPPC); \
614 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_IGNOREPPC, AT_IGNOREPPC); \
615 } while (0)
616
617 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *_regs, struct image_info *infop)
618 {
619 _regs->gpr[1] = infop->start_stack;
620 #if defined(TARGET_PPC64) && !defined(TARGET_ABI32)
621 _regs->gpr[2] = ldq_raw(infop->entry + 8) + infop->load_bias;
622 infop->entry = ldq_raw(infop->entry) + infop->load_bias;
623 #endif
624 _regs->nip = infop->entry;
625 }
626
627 /* See linux kernel: arch/powerpc/include/asm/elf.h. */
628 #define ELF_NREG 48
629 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
630
631 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
632 {
633 int i;
634 target_ulong ccr = 0;
635
636 for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env->gpr); i++) {
637 (*regs)[i] = tswapl(env->gpr[i]);
638 }
639
640 (*regs)[32] = tswapl(env->nip);
641 (*regs)[33] = tswapl(env->msr);
642 (*regs)[35] = tswapl(env->ctr);
643 (*regs)[36] = tswapl(env->lr);
644 (*regs)[37] = tswapl(env->xer);
645
646 for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env->crf); i++) {
647 ccr |= env->crf[i] << (32 - ((i + 1) * 4));
648 }
649 (*regs)[38] = tswapl(ccr);
650 }
651
652 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
653 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
654
655 #endif
656
657 #ifdef TARGET_MIPS
658
659 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
660
661 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_MIPS )
662
663 #ifdef TARGET_MIPS64
664 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
665 #else
666 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
667 #endif
668 #define ELF_ARCH EM_MIPS
669
670 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
671 struct image_info *infop)
672 {
673 regs->cp0_status = 2 << CP0St_KSU;
674 regs->cp0_epc = infop->entry;
675 regs->regs[29] = infop->start_stack;
676 }
677
678 /* See linux kernel: arch/mips/include/asm/elf.h. */
679 #define ELF_NREG 45
680 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
681
682 /* See linux kernel: arch/mips/include/asm/reg.h. */
683 enum {
684 #ifdef TARGET_MIPS64
685 TARGET_EF_R0 = 0,
686 #else
687 TARGET_EF_R0 = 6,
688 #endif
689 TARGET_EF_R26 = TARGET_EF_R0 + 26,
690 TARGET_EF_R27 = TARGET_EF_R0 + 27,
691 TARGET_EF_LO = TARGET_EF_R0 + 32,
692 TARGET_EF_HI = TARGET_EF_R0 + 33,
693 TARGET_EF_CP0_EPC = TARGET_EF_R0 + 34,
694 TARGET_EF_CP0_BADVADDR = TARGET_EF_R0 + 35,
695 TARGET_EF_CP0_STATUS = TARGET_EF_R0 + 36,
696 TARGET_EF_CP0_CAUSE = TARGET_EF_R0 + 37
697 };
698
699 /* See linux kernel: arch/mips/kernel/process.c:elf_dump_regs. */
700 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
701 {
702 int i;
703
704 for (i = 0; i < TARGET_EF_R0; i++) {
705 (*regs)[i] = 0;
706 }
707 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_R0] = 0;
708
709 for (i = 1; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env->active_tc.gpr); i++) {
710 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_R0 + i] = tswapl(env->active_tc.gpr[i]);
711 }
712
713 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_R26] = 0;
714 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_R27] = 0;
715 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_LO] = tswapl(env->active_tc.LO[0]);
716 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_HI] = tswapl(env->active_tc.HI[0]);
717 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_CP0_EPC] = tswapl(env->active_tc.PC);
718 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_CP0_BADVADDR] = tswapl(env->CP0_BadVAddr);
719 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_CP0_STATUS] = tswapl(env->CP0_Status);
720 (*regs)[TARGET_EF_CP0_CAUSE] = tswapl(env->CP0_Cause);
721 }
722
723 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
724 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
725
726 #endif /* TARGET_MIPS */
727
728 #ifdef TARGET_MICROBLAZE
729
730 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
731
732 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_MICROBLAZE || (x) == EM_MICROBLAZE_OLD)
733
734 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
735 #define ELF_ARCH EM_MICROBLAZE
736
737 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
738 struct image_info *infop)
739 {
740 regs->pc = infop->entry;
741 regs->r1 = infop->start_stack;
742
743 }
744
745 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
746
747 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
748 #define ELF_NREG 38
749 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
750
751 /* See linux kernel: arch/mips/kernel/process.c:elf_dump_regs. */
752 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
753 {
754 int i, pos = 0;
755
756 for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
757 (*regs)[pos++] = tswapl(env->regs[i]);
758 }
759
760 for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
761 (*regs)[pos++] = tswapl(env->sregs[i]);
762 }
763 }
764
765 #endif /* TARGET_MICROBLAZE */
766
767 #ifdef TARGET_SH4
768
769 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
770
771 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_SH )
772
773 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
774 #define ELF_ARCH EM_SH
775
776 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
777 struct image_info *infop)
778 {
779 /* Check other registers XXXXX */
780 regs->pc = infop->entry;
781 regs->regs[15] = infop->start_stack;
782 }
783
784 /* See linux kernel: arch/sh/include/asm/elf.h. */
785 #define ELF_NREG 23
786 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
787
788 /* See linux kernel: arch/sh/include/asm/ptrace.h. */
789 enum {
790 TARGET_REG_PC = 16,
791 TARGET_REG_PR = 17,
792 TARGET_REG_SR = 18,
793 TARGET_REG_GBR = 19,
794 TARGET_REG_MACH = 20,
795 TARGET_REG_MACL = 21,
796 TARGET_REG_SYSCALL = 22
797 };
798
799 static inline void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs,
800 const CPUState *env)
801 {
802 int i;
803
804 for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
805 (*regs[i]) = tswapl(env->gregs[i]);
806 }
807
808 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_PC] = tswapl(env->pc);
809 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_PR] = tswapl(env->pr);
810 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_SR] = tswapl(env->sr);
811 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_GBR] = tswapl(env->gbr);
812 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_MACH] = tswapl(env->mach);
813 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_MACL] = tswapl(env->macl);
814 (*regs)[TARGET_REG_SYSCALL] = 0; /* FIXME */
815 }
816
817 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
818 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 4096
819
820 #endif
821
822 #ifdef TARGET_CRIS
823
824 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
825
826 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_CRIS )
827
828 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
829 #define ELF_ARCH EM_CRIS
830
831 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
832 struct image_info *infop)
833 {
834 regs->erp = infop->entry;
835 }
836
837 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 8192
838
839 #endif
840
841 #ifdef TARGET_M68K
842
843 #define ELF_START_MMAP 0x80000000
844
845 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == EM_68K )
846
847 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
848 #define ELF_ARCH EM_68K
849
850 /* ??? Does this need to do anything?
851 #define ELF_PLAT_INIT(_r) */
852
853 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
854 struct image_info *infop)
855 {
856 regs->usp = infop->start_stack;
857 regs->sr = 0;
858 regs->pc = infop->entry;
859 }
860
861 /* See linux kernel: arch/m68k/include/asm/elf.h. */
862 #define ELF_NREG 20
863 typedef target_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
864
865 static void elf_core_copy_regs(target_elf_gregset_t *regs, const CPUState *env)
866 {
867 (*regs)[0] = tswapl(env->dregs[1]);
868 (*regs)[1] = tswapl(env->dregs[2]);
869 (*regs)[2] = tswapl(env->dregs[3]);
870 (*regs)[3] = tswapl(env->dregs[4]);
871 (*regs)[4] = tswapl(env->dregs[5]);
872 (*regs)[5] = tswapl(env->dregs[6]);
873 (*regs)[6] = tswapl(env->dregs[7]);
874 (*regs)[7] = tswapl(env->aregs[0]);
875 (*regs)[8] = tswapl(env->aregs[1]);
876 (*regs)[9] = tswapl(env->aregs[2]);
877 (*regs)[10] = tswapl(env->aregs[3]);
878 (*regs)[11] = tswapl(env->aregs[4]);
879 (*regs)[12] = tswapl(env->aregs[5]);
880 (*regs)[13] = tswapl(env->aregs[6]);
881 (*regs)[14] = tswapl(env->dregs[0]);
882 (*regs)[15] = tswapl(env->aregs[7]);
883 (*regs)[16] = tswapl(env->dregs[0]); /* FIXME: orig_d0 */
884 (*regs)[17] = tswapl(env->sr);
885 (*regs)[18] = tswapl(env->pc);
886 (*regs)[19] = 0; /* FIXME: regs->format | regs->vector */
887 }
888
889 #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
890 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 8192
891
892 #endif
893
894 #ifdef TARGET_ALPHA
895
896 #define ELF_START_MMAP (0x30000000000ULL)
897
898 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == ELF_ARCH )
899
900 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
901 #define ELF_ARCH EM_ALPHA
902
903 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs,
904 struct image_info *infop)
905 {
906 regs->pc = infop->entry;
907 regs->ps = 8;
908 regs->usp = infop->start_stack;
909 }
910
911 #define ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE 8192
912
913 #endif /* TARGET_ALPHA */
914
915 #ifdef TARGET_S390X
916
917 #define ELF_START_MMAP (0x20000000000ULL)
918
919 #define elf_check_arch(x) ( (x) == ELF_ARCH )
920
921 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS64
922 #define ELF_DATA ELFDATA2MSB
923 #define ELF_ARCH EM_S390
924
925 static inline void init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs, struct image_info *infop)
926 {
927 regs->psw.addr = infop->entry;
928 regs->psw.mask = PSW_MASK_64 | PSW_MASK_32;
929 regs->gprs[15] = infop->start_stack;
930 }
931
932 #endif /* TARGET_S390X */
933
934 #ifndef ELF_PLATFORM
935 #define ELF_PLATFORM (NULL)
936 #endif
937
938 #ifndef ELF_HWCAP
939 #define ELF_HWCAP 0
940 #endif
941
942 #ifdef TARGET_ABI32
943 #undef ELF_CLASS
944 #define ELF_CLASS ELFCLASS32
945 #undef bswaptls
946 #define bswaptls(ptr) bswap32s(ptr)
947 #endif
948
949 #include "elf.h"
950
951 struct exec
952 {
953 unsigned int a_info; /* Use macros N_MAGIC, etc for access */
954 unsigned int a_text; /* length of text, in bytes */
955 unsigned int a_data; /* length of data, in bytes */
956 unsigned int a_bss; /* length of uninitialized data area, in bytes */
957 unsigned int a_syms; /* length of symbol table data in file, in bytes */
958 unsigned int a_entry; /* start address */
959 unsigned int a_trsize; /* length of relocation info for text, in bytes */
960 unsigned int a_drsize; /* length of relocation info for data, in bytes */
961 };
962
963
964 #define N_MAGIC(exec) ((exec).a_info & 0xffff)
965 #define OMAGIC 0407
966 #define NMAGIC 0410
967 #define ZMAGIC 0413
968 #define QMAGIC 0314
969
970 /* Necessary parameters */
971 #define TARGET_ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE TARGET_PAGE_SIZE
972 #define TARGET_ELF_PAGESTART(_v) ((_v) & ~(unsigned long)(TARGET_ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE-1))
973 #define TARGET_ELF_PAGEOFFSET(_v) ((_v) & (TARGET_ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE-1))
974
975 #define DLINFO_ITEMS 13
976
977 static inline void memcpy_fromfs(void * to, const void * from, unsigned long n)
978 {
979 memcpy(to, from, n);
980 }
981
982 #ifdef BSWAP_NEEDED
983 static void bswap_ehdr(struct elfhdr *ehdr)
984 {
985 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_type); /* Object file type */
986 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_machine); /* Architecture */
987 bswap32s(&ehdr->e_version); /* Object file version */
988 bswaptls(&ehdr->e_entry); /* Entry point virtual address */
989 bswaptls(&ehdr->e_phoff); /* Program header table file offset */
990 bswaptls(&ehdr->e_shoff); /* Section header table file offset */
991 bswap32s(&ehdr->e_flags); /* Processor-specific flags */
992 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_ehsize); /* ELF header size in bytes */
993 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_phentsize); /* Program header table entry size */
994 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_phnum); /* Program header table entry count */
995 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_shentsize); /* Section header table entry size */
996 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_shnum); /* Section header table entry count */
997 bswap16s(&ehdr->e_shstrndx); /* Section header string table index */
998 }
999
1000 static void bswap_phdr(struct elf_phdr *phdr, int phnum)
1001 {
1002 int i;
1003 for (i = 0; i < phnum; ++i, ++phdr) {
1004 bswap32s(&phdr->p_type); /* Segment type */
1005 bswap32s(&phdr->p_flags); /* Segment flags */
1006 bswaptls(&phdr->p_offset); /* Segment file offset */
1007 bswaptls(&phdr->p_vaddr); /* Segment virtual address */
1008 bswaptls(&phdr->p_paddr); /* Segment physical address */
1009 bswaptls(&phdr->p_filesz); /* Segment size in file */
1010 bswaptls(&phdr->p_memsz); /* Segment size in memory */
1011 bswaptls(&phdr->p_align); /* Segment alignment */
1012 }
1013 }
1014
1015 static void bswap_shdr(struct elf_shdr *shdr, int shnum)
1016 {
1017 int i;
1018 for (i = 0; i < shnum; ++i, ++shdr) {
1019 bswap32s(&shdr->sh_name);
1020 bswap32s(&shdr->sh_type);
1021 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_flags);
1022 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_addr);
1023 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_offset);
1024 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_size);
1025 bswap32s(&shdr->sh_link);
1026 bswap32s(&shdr->sh_info);
1027 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_addralign);
1028 bswaptls(&shdr->sh_entsize);
1029 }
1030 }
1031
1032 static void bswap_sym(struct elf_sym *sym)
1033 {
1034 bswap32s(&sym->st_name);
1035 bswaptls(&sym->st_value);
1036 bswaptls(&sym->st_size);
1037 bswap16s(&sym->st_shndx);
1038 }
1039 #else
1040 static inline void bswap_ehdr(struct elfhdr *ehdr) { }
1041 static inline void bswap_phdr(struct elf_phdr *phdr, int phnum) { }
1042 static inline void bswap_shdr(struct elf_shdr *shdr, int shnum) { }
1043 static inline void bswap_sym(struct elf_sym *sym) { }
1044 #endif
1045
1046 #ifdef USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
1047 static int elf_core_dump(int, const CPUState *);
1048 #endif /* USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP */
1049 static void load_symbols(struct elfhdr *hdr, int fd, abi_ulong load_bias);
1050
1051 /* Verify the portions of EHDR within E_IDENT for the target.
1052 This can be performed before bswapping the entire header. */
1053 static bool elf_check_ident(struct elfhdr *ehdr)
1054 {
1055 return (ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG0] == ELFMAG0
1056 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG1] == ELFMAG1
1057 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG2] == ELFMAG2
1058 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG3] == ELFMAG3
1059 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] == ELF_CLASS
1060 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] == ELF_DATA
1061 && ehdr->e_ident[EI_VERSION] == EV_CURRENT);
1062 }
1063
1064 /* Verify the portions of EHDR outside of E_IDENT for the target.
1065 This has to wait until after bswapping the header. */
1066 static bool elf_check_ehdr(struct elfhdr *ehdr)
1067 {
1068 return (elf_check_arch(ehdr->e_machine)
1069 && ehdr->e_ehsize == sizeof(struct elfhdr)
1070 && ehdr->e_phentsize == sizeof(struct elf_phdr)
1071 && ehdr->e_shentsize == sizeof(struct elf_shdr)
1072 && (ehdr->e_type == ET_EXEC || ehdr->e_type == ET_DYN));
1073 }
1074
1075 /*
1076 * 'copy_elf_strings()' copies argument/envelope strings from user
1077 * memory to free pages in kernel mem. These are in a format ready
1078 * to be put directly into the top of new user memory.
1079 *
1080 */
1081 static abi_ulong copy_elf_strings(int argc,char ** argv, void **page,
1082 abi_ulong p)
1083 {
1084 char *tmp, *tmp1, *pag = NULL;
1085 int len, offset = 0;
1086
1087 if (!p) {
1088 return 0; /* bullet-proofing */
1089 }
1090 while (argc-- > 0) {
1091 tmp = argv[argc];
1092 if (!tmp) {
1093 fprintf(stderr, "VFS: argc is wrong");
1094 exit(-1);
1095 }
1096 tmp1 = tmp;
1097 while (*tmp++);
1098 len = tmp - tmp1;
1099 if (p < len) { /* this shouldn't happen - 128kB */
1100 return 0;
1101 }
1102 while (len) {
1103 --p; --tmp; --len;
1104 if (--offset < 0) {
1105 offset = p % TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1106 pag = (char *)page[p/TARGET_PAGE_SIZE];
1107 if (!pag) {
1108 pag = g_try_malloc0(TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
1109 page[p/TARGET_PAGE_SIZE] = pag;
1110 if (!pag)
1111 return 0;
1112 }
1113 }
1114 if (len == 0 || offset == 0) {
1115 *(pag + offset) = *tmp;
1116 }
1117 else {
1118 int bytes_to_copy = (len > offset) ? offset : len;
1119 tmp -= bytes_to_copy;
1120 p -= bytes_to_copy;
1121 offset -= bytes_to_copy;
1122 len -= bytes_to_copy;
1123 memcpy_fromfs(pag + offset, tmp, bytes_to_copy + 1);
1124 }
1125 }
1126 }
1127 return p;
1128 }
1129
1130 static abi_ulong setup_arg_pages(abi_ulong p, struct linux_binprm *bprm,
1131 struct image_info *info)
1132 {
1133 abi_ulong stack_base, size, error, guard;
1134 int i;
1135
1136 /* Create enough stack to hold everything. If we don't use
1137 it for args, we'll use it for something else. */
1138 size = guest_stack_size;
1139 if (size < MAX_ARG_PAGES*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
1140 size = MAX_ARG_PAGES*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1141 }
1142 guard = TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1143 if (guard < qemu_real_host_page_size) {
1144 guard = qemu_real_host_page_size;
1145 }
1146
1147 error = target_mmap(0, size + guard, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
1148 MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
1149 if (error == -1) {
1150 perror("mmap stack");
1151 exit(-1);
1152 }
1153
1154 /* We reserve one extra page at the top of the stack as guard. */
1155 target_mprotect(error, guard, PROT_NONE);
1156
1157 info->stack_limit = error + guard;
1158 stack_base = info->stack_limit + size - MAX_ARG_PAGES*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1159 p += stack_base;
1160
1161 for (i = 0 ; i < MAX_ARG_PAGES ; i++) {
1162 if (bprm->page[i]) {
1163 info->rss++;
1164 /* FIXME - check return value of memcpy_to_target() for failure */
1165 memcpy_to_target(stack_base, bprm->page[i], TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
1166 g_free(bprm->page[i]);
1167 }
1168 stack_base += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
1169 }
1170 return p;
1171 }
1172
1173 /* Map and zero the bss. We need to explicitly zero any fractional pages
1174 after the data section (i.e. bss). */
1175 static void zero_bss(abi_ulong elf_bss, abi_ulong last_bss, int prot)
1176 {
1177 uintptr_t host_start, host_map_start, host_end;
1178
1179 last_bss = TARGET_PAGE_ALIGN(last_bss);
1180
1181 /* ??? There is confusion between qemu_real_host_page_size and
1182 qemu_host_page_size here and elsewhere in target_mmap, which
1183 may lead to the end of the data section mapping from the file
1184 not being mapped. At least there was an explicit test and
1185 comment for that here, suggesting that "the file size must
1186 be known". The comment probably pre-dates the introduction
1187 of the fstat system call in target_mmap which does in fact
1188 find out the size. What isn't clear is if the workaround
1189 here is still actually needed. For now, continue with it,
1190 but merge it with the "normal" mmap that would allocate the bss. */
1191
1192 host_start = (uintptr_t) g2h(elf_bss);
1193 host_end = (uintptr_t) g2h(last_bss);
1194 host_map_start = (host_start + qemu_real_host_page_size - 1);
1195 host_map_start &= -qemu_real_host_page_size;
1196
1197 if (host_map_start < host_end) {
1198 void *p = mmap((void *)host_map_start, host_end - host_map_start,
1199 prot, MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
1200 if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
1201 perror("cannot mmap brk");
1202 exit(-1);
1203 }
1204
1205 /* Since we didn't use target_mmap, make sure to record
1206 the validity of the pages with qemu. */
1207 page_set_flags(elf_bss & TARGET_PAGE_MASK, last_bss, prot|PAGE_VALID);
1208 }
1209
1210 if (host_start < host_map_start) {
1211 memset((void *)host_start, 0, host_map_start - host_start);
1212 }
1213 }
1214
1215 #ifdef CONFIG_USE_FDPIC
1216 static abi_ulong loader_build_fdpic_loadmap(struct image_info *info, abi_ulong sp)
1217 {
1218 uint16_t n;
1219 struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *loadsegs = info->loadsegs;
1220
1221 /* elf32_fdpic_loadseg */
1222 n = info->nsegs;
1223 while (n--) {
1224 sp -= 12;
1225 put_user_u32(loadsegs[n].addr, sp+0);
1226 put_user_u32(loadsegs[n].p_vaddr, sp+4);
1227 put_user_u32(loadsegs[n].p_memsz, sp+8);
1228 }
1229
1230 /* elf32_fdpic_loadmap */
1231 sp -= 4;
1232 put_user_u16(0, sp+0); /* version */
1233 put_user_u16(info->nsegs, sp+2); /* nsegs */
1234
1235 info->personality = PER_LINUX_FDPIC;
1236 info->loadmap_addr = sp;
1237
1238 return sp;
1239 }
1240 #endif
1241
1242 static abi_ulong create_elf_tables(abi_ulong p, int argc, int envc,
1243 struct elfhdr *exec,
1244 struct image_info *info,
1245 struct image_info *interp_info)
1246 {
1247 abi_ulong sp;
1248 int size;
1249 int i;
1250 abi_ulong u_rand_bytes;
1251 uint8_t k_rand_bytes[16];
1252 abi_ulong u_platform;
1253 const char *k_platform;
1254 const int n = sizeof(elf_addr_t);
1255
1256 sp = p;
1257
1258 #ifdef CONFIG_USE_FDPIC
1259 /* Needs to be before we load the env/argc/... */
1260 if (elf_is_fdpic(exec)) {
1261 /* Need 4 byte alignment for these structs */
1262 sp &= ~3;
1263 sp = loader_build_fdpic_loadmap(info, sp);
1264 info->other_info = interp_info;
1265 if (interp_info) {
1266 interp_info->other_info = info;
1267 sp = loader_build_fdpic_loadmap(interp_info, sp);
1268 }
1269 }
1270 #endif
1271
1272 u_platform = 0;
1273 k_platform = ELF_PLATFORM;
1274 if (k_platform) {
1275 size_t len = strlen(k_platform) + 1;
1276 sp -= (len + n - 1) & ~(n - 1);
1277 u_platform = sp;
1278 /* FIXME - check return value of memcpy_to_target() for failure */
1279 memcpy_to_target(sp, k_platform, len);
1280 }
1281
1282 /*
1283 * Generate 16 random bytes for userspace PRNG seeding (not
1284 * cryptically secure but it's not the aim of QEMU).
1285 */
1286 srand((unsigned int) time(NULL));
1287 for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
1288 k_rand_bytes[i] = rand();
1289 }
1290 sp -= 16;
1291 u_rand_bytes = sp;
1292 /* FIXME - check return value of memcpy_to_target() for failure */
1293 memcpy_to_target(sp, k_rand_bytes, 16);
1294
1295 /*
1296 * Force 16 byte _final_ alignment here for generality.
1297 */
1298 sp = sp &~ (abi_ulong)15;
1299 size = (DLINFO_ITEMS + 1) * 2;
1300 if (k_platform)
1301 size += 2;
1302 #ifdef DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS
1303 size += DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS * 2;
1304 #endif
1305 size += envc + argc + 2;
1306 size += 1; /* argc itself */
1307 size *= n;
1308 if (size & 15)
1309 sp -= 16 - (size & 15);
1310
1311 /* This is correct because Linux defines
1312 * elf_addr_t as Elf32_Off / Elf64_Off
1313 */
1314 #define NEW_AUX_ENT(id, val) do { \
1315 sp -= n; put_user_ual(val, sp); \
1316 sp -= n; put_user_ual(id, sp); \
1317 } while(0)
1318
1319 NEW_AUX_ENT (AT_NULL, 0);
1320
1321 /* There must be exactly DLINFO_ITEMS entries here. */
1322 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHDR, (abi_ulong)(info->load_addr + exec->e_phoff));
1323 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHENT, (abi_ulong)(sizeof (struct elf_phdr)));
1324 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHNUM, (abi_ulong)(exec->e_phnum));
1325 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PAGESZ, (abi_ulong)(TARGET_PAGE_SIZE));
1326 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE, (abi_ulong)(interp_info ? interp_info->load_addr : 0));
1327 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS, (abi_ulong)0);
1328 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ENTRY, info->entry);
1329 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UID, (abi_ulong) getuid());
1330 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EUID, (abi_ulong) geteuid());
1331 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_GID, (abi_ulong) getgid());
1332 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EGID, (abi_ulong) getegid());
1333 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_HWCAP, (abi_ulong) ELF_HWCAP);
1334 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_CLKTCK, (abi_ulong) sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK));
1335 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_RANDOM, (abi_ulong) u_rand_bytes);
1336
1337 if (k_platform)
1338 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PLATFORM, u_platform);
1339 #ifdef ARCH_DLINFO
1340 /*
1341 * ARCH_DLINFO must come last so platform specific code can enforce
1342 * special alignment requirements on the AUXV if necessary (eg. PPC).
1343 */
1344 ARCH_DLINFO;
1345 #endif
1346 #undef NEW_AUX_ENT
1347
1348 info->saved_auxv = sp;
1349
1350 sp = loader_build_argptr(envc, argc, sp, p, 0);
1351 return sp;
1352 }
1353
1354 #ifndef TARGET_HAS_GUEST_VALIDATE_BASE
1355 /* If the guest doesn't have a validation function just agree */
1356 bool guest_validate_base(unsigned long guest_base)
1357 {
1358 return 1;
1359 }
1360 #endif
1361
1362 static void probe_guest_base(const char *image_name,
1363 abi_ulong loaddr, abi_ulong hiaddr)
1364 {
1365 /* Probe for a suitable guest base address, if the user has not set
1366 * it explicitly, and set guest_base appropriately.
1367 * In case of error we will print a suitable message and exit.
1368 */
1369 #if defined(CONFIG_USE_GUEST_BASE)
1370 const char *errmsg;
1371 if (!have_guest_base && !reserved_va) {
1372 unsigned long host_start, real_start, host_size;
1373
1374 /* Round addresses to page boundaries. */
1375 loaddr &= qemu_host_page_mask;
1376 hiaddr = HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(hiaddr);
1377
1378 if (loaddr < mmap_min_addr) {
1379 host_start = HOST_PAGE_ALIGN(mmap_min_addr);
1380 } else {
1381 host_start = loaddr;
1382 if (host_start != loaddr) {
1383 errmsg = "Address overflow loading ELF binary";
1384 goto exit_errmsg;
1385 }
1386 }
1387 host_size = hiaddr - loaddr;
1388 while (1) {
1389 /* Do not use mmap_find_vma here because that is limited to the
1390 guest address space. We are going to make the
1391 guest address space fit whatever we're given. */
1392 real_start = (unsigned long)
1393 mmap((void *)host_start, host_size, PROT_NONE,
1394 MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_NORESERVE, -1, 0);
1395 if (real_start == (unsigned long)-1) {
1396 goto exit_perror;
1397 }
1398 guest_base = real_start - loaddr;
1399 if ((real_start == host_start) &&
1400 guest_validate_base(guest_base)) {
1401 break;
1402 }
1403 /* That address didn't work. Unmap and try a different one.
1404 The address the host picked because is typically right at
1405 the top of the host address space and leaves the guest with
1406 no usable address space. Resort to a linear search. We
1407 already compensated for mmap_min_addr, so this should not
1408 happen often. Probably means we got unlucky and host
1409 address space randomization put a shared library somewhere
1410 inconvenient. */
1411 munmap((void *)real_start, host_size);
1412 host_start += qemu_host_page_size;
1413 if (host_start == loaddr) {
1414 /* Theoretically possible if host doesn't have any suitably
1415 aligned areas. Normally the first mmap will fail. */
1416 errmsg = "Unable to find space for application";
1417 goto exit_errmsg;
1418 }
1419 }
1420 qemu_log("Relocating guest address space from 0x"
1421 TARGET_ABI_FMT_lx " to 0x%lx\n",
1422 loaddr, real_start);
1423 }
1424 return;
1425
1426 exit_perror:
1427 errmsg = strerror(errno);
1428 exit_errmsg:
1429 fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", image_name, errmsg);
1430 exit(-1);
1431 #endif
1432 }
1433
1434
1435 /* Load an ELF image into the address space.
1436
1437 IMAGE_NAME is the filename of the image, to use in error messages.
1438 IMAGE_FD is the open file descriptor for the image.
1439
1440 BPRM_BUF is a copy of the beginning of the file; this of course
1441 contains the elf file header at offset 0. It is assumed that this
1442 buffer is sufficiently aligned to present no problems to the host
1443 in accessing data at aligned offsets within the buffer.
1444
1445 On return: INFO values will be filled in, as necessary or available. */
1446
1447 static void load_elf_image(const char *image_name, int image_fd,
1448 struct image_info *info, char **pinterp_name,
1449 char bprm_buf[BPRM_BUF_SIZE])
1450 {
1451 struct elfhdr *ehdr = (struct elfhdr *)bprm_buf;
1452 struct elf_phdr *phdr;
1453 abi_ulong load_addr, load_bias, loaddr, hiaddr, error;
1454 int i, retval;
1455 const char *errmsg;
1456
1457 /* First of all, some simple consistency checks */
1458 errmsg = "Invalid ELF image for this architecture";
1459 if (!elf_check_ident(ehdr)) {
1460 goto exit_errmsg;
1461 }
1462 bswap_ehdr(ehdr);
1463 if (!elf_check_ehdr(ehdr)) {
1464 goto exit_errmsg;
1465 }
1466
1467 i = ehdr->e_phnum * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
1468 if (ehdr->e_phoff + i <= BPRM_BUF_SIZE) {
1469 phdr = (struct elf_phdr *)(bprm_buf + ehdr->e_phoff);
1470 } else {
1471 phdr = (struct elf_phdr *) alloca(i);
1472 retval = pread(image_fd, phdr, i, ehdr->e_phoff);
1473 if (retval != i) {
1474 goto exit_read;
1475 }
1476 }
1477 bswap_phdr(phdr, ehdr->e_phnum);
1478
1479 #ifdef CONFIG_USE_FDPIC
1480 info->nsegs = 0;
1481 info->pt_dynamic_addr = 0;
1482 #endif
1483
1484 /* Find the maximum size of the image and allocate an appropriate
1485 amount of memory to handle that. */
1486 loaddr = -1, hiaddr = 0;
1487 for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; ++i) {
1488 if (phdr[i].p_type == PT_LOAD) {
1489 abi_ulong a = phdr[i].p_vaddr;
1490 if (a < loaddr) {
1491 loaddr = a;
1492 }
1493 a += phdr[i].p_memsz;
1494 if (a > hiaddr) {
1495 hiaddr = a;
1496 }
1497 #ifdef CONFIG_USE_FDPIC
1498 ++info->nsegs;
1499 #endif
1500 }
1501 }
1502
1503 load_addr = loaddr;
1504 if (ehdr->e_type == ET_DYN) {
1505 /* The image indicates that it can be loaded anywhere. Find a
1506 location that can hold the memory space required. If the
1507 image is pre-linked, LOADDR will be non-zero. Since we do
1508 not supply MAP_FIXED here we'll use that address if and
1509 only if it remains available. */
1510 load_addr = target_mmap(loaddr, hiaddr - loaddr, PROT_NONE,
1511 MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON | MAP_NORESERVE,
1512 -1, 0);
1513 if (load_addr == -1) {
1514 goto exit_perror;
1515 }
1516 } else if (pinterp_name != NULL) {
1517 /* This is the main executable. Make sure that the low
1518 address does not conflict with MMAP_MIN_ADDR or the
1519 QEMU application itself. */
1520 probe_guest_base(image_name, loaddr, hiaddr);
1521 }
1522 load_bias = load_addr - loaddr;
1523
1524 #ifdef CONFIG_USE_FDPIC
1525 {
1526 struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *loadsegs = info->loadsegs =
1527 g_malloc(sizeof(*loadsegs) * info->nsegs);
1528
1529 for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; ++i) {
1530 switch (phdr[i].p_type) {
1531 case PT_DYNAMIC:
1532 info->pt_dynamic_addr = phdr[i].p_vaddr + load_bias;
1533 break;
1534 case PT_LOAD:
1535 loadsegs->addr = phdr[i].p_vaddr + load_bias;
1536 loadsegs->p_vaddr = phdr[i].p_vaddr;
1537 loadsegs->p_memsz = phdr[i].p_memsz;
1538 ++loadsegs;
1539 break;
1540 }
1541 }
1542 }
1543 #endif
1544
1545 info->load_bias = load_bias;
1546 info->load_addr = load_addr;
1547 info->entry = ehdr->e_entry + load_bias;
1548 info->start_code = -1;
1549 info->end_code = 0;
1550 info->start_data = -1;
1551 info->end_data = 0;
1552 info->brk = 0;
1553
1554 for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
1555 struct elf_phdr *eppnt = phdr + i;
1556 if (eppnt->p_type == PT_LOAD) {
1557 abi_ulong vaddr, vaddr_po, vaddr_ps, vaddr_ef, vaddr_em;
1558 int elf_prot = 0;
1559
1560 if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_R) elf_prot = PROT_READ;
1561 if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_W) elf_prot |= PROT_WRITE;
1562 if (eppnt->p_flags & PF_X) elf_prot |= PROT_EXEC;
1563
1564 vaddr = load_bias + eppnt->p_vaddr;
1565 vaddr_po = TARGET_ELF_PAGEOFFSET(vaddr);
1566 vaddr_ps = TARGET_ELF_PAGESTART(vaddr);
1567
1568 error = target_mmap(vaddr_ps, eppnt->p_filesz + vaddr_po,
1569 elf_prot, MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_FIXED,
1570 image_fd, eppnt->p_offset - vaddr_po);
1571 if (error == -1) {
1572 goto exit_perror;
1573 }
1574
1575 vaddr_ef = vaddr + eppnt->p_filesz;
1576 vaddr_em = vaddr + eppnt->p_memsz;
1577
1578 /* If the load segment requests extra zeros (e.g. bss), map it. */
1579 if (vaddr_ef < vaddr_em) {
1580 zero_bss(vaddr_ef, vaddr_em, elf_prot);
1581 }
1582
1583 /* Find the full program boundaries. */
1584 if (elf_prot & PROT_EXEC) {
1585 if (vaddr < info->start_code) {
1586 info->start_code = vaddr;
1587 }
1588 if (vaddr_ef > info->end_code) {
1589 info->end_code = vaddr_ef;
1590 }
1591 }
1592 if (elf_prot & PROT_WRITE) {
1593 if (vaddr < info->start_data) {
1594 info->start_data = vaddr;
1595 }
1596 if (vaddr_ef > info->end_data) {
1597 info->end_data = vaddr_ef;
1598 }
1599 if (vaddr_em > info->brk) {
1600 info->brk = vaddr_em;
1601 }
1602 }
1603 } else if (eppnt->p_type == PT_INTERP && pinterp_name) {
1604 char *interp_name;
1605
1606 if (*pinterp_name) {
1607 errmsg = "Multiple PT_INTERP entries";
1608 goto exit_errmsg;
1609 }
1610 interp_name = malloc(eppnt->p_filesz);
1611 if (!interp_name) {
1612 goto exit_perror;
1613 }
1614
1615 if (eppnt->p_offset + eppnt->p_filesz <= BPRM_BUF_SIZE) {
1616 memcpy(interp_name, bprm_buf + eppnt->p_offset,
1617 eppnt->p_filesz);
1618 } else {
1619 retval = pread(image_fd, interp_name, eppnt->p_filesz,
1620 eppnt->p_offset);
1621 if (retval != eppnt->p_filesz) {
1622 goto exit_perror;
1623 }
1624 }
1625 if (interp_name[eppnt->p_filesz - 1] != 0) {
1626 errmsg = "Invalid PT_INTERP entry";
1627 goto exit_errmsg;
1628 }
1629 *pinterp_name = interp_name;
1630 }
1631 }
1632
1633 if (info->end_data == 0) {
1634 info->start_data = info->end_code;
1635 info->end_data = info->end_code;
1636 info->brk = info->end_code;
1637 }
1638
1639 if (qemu_log_enabled()) {
1640 load_symbols(ehdr, image_fd, load_bias);
1641 }
1642
1643 close(image_fd);
1644 return;
1645
1646 exit_read:
1647 if (retval >= 0) {
1648 errmsg = "Incomplete read of file header";
1649 goto exit_errmsg;
1650 }
1651 exit_perror:
1652 errmsg = strerror(errno);
1653 exit_errmsg:
1654 fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", image_name, errmsg);
1655 exit(-1);
1656 }
1657
1658 static void load_elf_interp(const char *filename, struct image_info *info,
1659 char bprm_buf[BPRM_BUF_SIZE])
1660 {
1661 int fd, retval;
1662
1663 fd = open(path(filename), O_RDONLY);
1664 if (fd < 0) {
1665 goto exit_perror;
1666 }
1667
1668 retval = read(fd, bprm_buf, BPRM_BUF_SIZE);
1669 if (retval < 0) {
1670 goto exit_perror;
1671 }
1672 if (retval < BPRM_BUF_SIZE) {
1673 memset(bprm_buf + retval, 0, BPRM_BUF_SIZE - retval);
1674 }
1675
1676 load_elf_image(filename, fd, info, NULL, bprm_buf);
1677 return;
1678
1679 exit_perror:
1680 fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", filename, strerror(errno));
1681 exit(-1);
1682 }
1683
1684 static int symfind(const void *s0, const void *s1)
1685 {
1686 target_ulong addr = *(target_ulong *)s0;
1687 struct elf_sym *sym = (struct elf_sym *)s1;
1688 int result = 0;
1689 if (addr < sym->st_value) {
1690 result = -1;
1691 } else if (addr >= sym->st_value + sym->st_size) {
1692 result = 1;
1693 }
1694 return result;
1695 }
1696
1697 static const char *lookup_symbolxx(struct syminfo *s, target_ulong orig_addr)
1698 {
1699 #if ELF_CLASS == ELFCLASS32
1700 struct elf_sym *syms = s->disas_symtab.elf32;
1701 #else
1702 struct elf_sym *syms = s->disas_symtab.elf64;
1703 #endif
1704
1705 // binary search
1706 struct elf_sym *sym;
1707
1708 sym = bsearch(&orig_addr, syms, s->disas_num_syms, sizeof(*syms), symfind);
1709 if (sym != NULL) {
1710 return s->disas_strtab + sym->st_name;
1711 }
1712
1713 return "";
1714 }
1715
1716 /* FIXME: This should use elf_ops.h */
1717 static int symcmp(const void *s0, const void *s1)
1718 {
1719 struct elf_sym *sym0 = (struct elf_sym *)s0;
1720 struct elf_sym *sym1 = (struct elf_sym *)s1;
1721 return (sym0->st_value < sym1->st_value)
1722 ? -1
1723 : ((sym0->st_value > sym1->st_value) ? 1 : 0);
1724 }
1725
1726 /* Best attempt to load symbols from this ELF object. */
1727 static void load_symbols(struct elfhdr *hdr, int fd, abi_ulong load_bias)
1728 {
1729 int i, shnum, nsyms, sym_idx = 0, str_idx = 0;
1730 struct elf_shdr *shdr;
1731 char *strings = NULL;
1732 struct syminfo *s = NULL;
1733 struct elf_sym *new_syms, *syms = NULL;
1734
1735 shnum = hdr->e_shnum;
1736 i = shnum * sizeof(struct elf_shdr);
1737 shdr = (struct elf_shdr *)alloca(i);
1738 if (pread(fd, shdr, i, hdr->e_shoff) != i) {
1739 return;
1740 }
1741
1742 bswap_shdr(shdr, shnum);
1743 for (i = 0; i < shnum; ++i) {
1744 if (shdr[i].sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
1745 sym_idx = i;
1746 str_idx = shdr[i].sh_link;
1747 goto found;
1748 }
1749 }
1750
1751 /* There will be no symbol table if the file was stripped. */
1752 return;
1753
1754 found:
1755 /* Now know where the strtab and symtab are. Snarf them. */
1756 s = malloc(sizeof(*s));
1757 if (!s) {
1758 goto give_up;
1759 }
1760
1761 i = shdr[str_idx].sh_size;
1762 s->disas_strtab = strings = malloc(i);
1763 if (!strings || pread(fd, strings, i, shdr[str_idx].sh_offset) != i) {
1764 goto give_up;
1765 }
1766
1767 i = shdr[sym_idx].sh_size;
1768 syms = malloc(i);
1769 if (!syms || pread(fd, syms, i, shdr[sym_idx].sh_offset) != i) {
1770 goto give_up;
1771 }
1772
1773 nsyms = i / sizeof(struct elf_sym);
1774 for (i = 0; i < nsyms; ) {
1775 bswap_sym(syms + i);
1776 /* Throw away entries which we do not need. */
1777 if (syms[i].st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF
1778 || syms[i].st_shndx >= SHN_LORESERVE
1779 || ELF_ST_TYPE(syms[i].st_info) != STT_FUNC) {
1780 if (i < --nsyms) {
1781 syms[i] = syms[nsyms];
1782 }
1783 } else {
1784 #if defined(TARGET_ARM) || defined (TARGET_MIPS)
1785 /* The bottom address bit marks a Thumb or MIPS16 symbol. */
1786 syms[i].st_value &= ~(target_ulong)1;
1787 #endif
1788 syms[i].st_value += load_bias;
1789 i++;
1790 }
1791 }
1792
1793 /* No "useful" symbol. */
1794 if (nsyms == 0) {
1795 goto give_up;
1796 }
1797
1798 /* Attempt to free the storage associated with the local symbols
1799 that we threw away. Whether or not this has any effect on the
1800 memory allocation depends on the malloc implementation and how
1801 many symbols we managed to discard. */
1802 new_syms = realloc(syms, nsyms * sizeof(*syms));
1803 if (new_syms == NULL) {
1804 goto give_up;
1805 }
1806 syms = new_syms;
1807
1808 qsort(syms, nsyms, sizeof(*syms), symcmp);
1809
1810 s->disas_num_syms = nsyms;
1811 #if ELF_CLASS == ELFCLASS32
1812 s->disas_symtab.elf32 = syms;
1813 #else
1814 s->disas_symtab.elf64 = syms;
1815 #endif
1816 s->lookup_symbol = lookup_symbolxx;
1817 s->next = syminfos;
1818 syminfos = s;
1819
1820 return;
1821
1822 give_up:
1823 free(s);
1824 free(strings);
1825 free(syms);
1826 }
1827
1828 int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm * bprm, struct target_pt_regs * regs,
1829 struct image_info * info)
1830 {
1831 struct image_info interp_info;
1832 struct elfhdr elf_ex;
1833 char *elf_interpreter = NULL;
1834
1835 info->start_mmap = (abi_ulong)ELF_START_MMAP;
1836 info->mmap = 0;
1837 info->rss = 0;
1838
1839 load_elf_image(bprm->filename, bprm->fd, info,
1840 &elf_interpreter, bprm->buf);
1841
1842 /* ??? We need a copy of the elf header for passing to create_elf_tables.
1843 If we do nothing, we'll have overwritten this when we re-use bprm->buf
1844 when we load the interpreter. */
1845 elf_ex = *(struct elfhdr *)bprm->buf;
1846
1847 bprm->p = copy_elf_strings(1, &bprm->filename, bprm->page, bprm->p);
1848 bprm->p = copy_elf_strings(bprm->envc,bprm->envp,bprm->page,bprm->p);
1849 bprm->p = copy_elf_strings(bprm->argc,bprm->argv,bprm->page,bprm->p);
1850 if (!bprm->p) {
1851 fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", bprm->filename, strerror(E2BIG));
1852 exit(-1);
1853 }
1854
1855 /* Do this so that we can load the interpreter, if need be. We will
1856 change some of these later */
1857 bprm->p = setup_arg_pages(bprm->p, bprm, info);
1858
1859 if (elf_interpreter) {
1860 load_elf_interp(elf_interpreter, &interp_info, bprm->buf);
1861
1862 /* If the program interpreter is one of these two, then assume
1863 an iBCS2 image. Otherwise assume a native linux image. */
1864
1865 if (strcmp(elf_interpreter, "/usr/lib/libc.so.1") == 0
1866 || strcmp(elf_interpreter, "/usr/lib/ld.so.1") == 0) {
1867 info->personality = PER_SVR4;
1868
1869 /* Why this, you ask??? Well SVr4 maps page 0 as read-only,
1870 and some applications "depend" upon this behavior. Since
1871 we do not have the power to recompile these, we emulate
1872 the SVr4 behavior. Sigh. */
1873 target_mmap(0, qemu_host_page_size, PROT_READ | PROT_EXEC,
1874 MAP_FIXED | MAP_PRIVATE, -1, 0);
1875 }
1876 }
1877
1878 bprm->p = create_elf_tables(bprm->p, bprm->argc, bprm->envc, &elf_ex,
1879 info, (elf_interpreter ? &interp_info : NULL));
1880 info->start_stack = bprm->p;
1881
1882 /* If we have an interpreter, set that as the program's entry point.
1883 Copy the load_bias as well, to help PPC64 interpret the entry
1884 point as a function descriptor. Do this after creating elf tables
1885 so that we copy the original program entry point into the AUXV. */
1886 if (elf_interpreter) {
1887 info->load_bias = interp_info.load_bias;
1888 info->entry = interp_info.entry;
1889 free(elf_interpreter);
1890 }
1891
1892 #ifdef USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
1893 bprm->core_dump = &elf_core_dump;
1894 #endif
1895
1896 return 0;
1897 }
1898
1899 #ifdef USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
1900 /*
1901 * Definitions to generate Intel SVR4-like core files.
1902 * These mostly have the same names as the SVR4 types with "target_elf_"
1903 * tacked on the front to prevent clashes with linux definitions,
1904 * and the typedef forms have been avoided. This is mostly like
1905 * the SVR4 structure, but more Linuxy, with things that Linux does
1906 * not support and which gdb doesn't really use excluded.
1907 *
1908 * Fields we don't dump (their contents is zero) in linux-user qemu
1909 * are marked with XXX.
1910 *
1911 * Core dump code is copied from linux kernel (fs/binfmt_elf.c).
1912 *
1913 * Porting ELF coredump for target is (quite) simple process. First you
1914 * define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP in target ELF code (where init_thread() for
1915 * the target resides):
1916 *
1917 * #define USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP
1918 *
1919 * Next you define type of register set used for dumping. ELF specification
1920 * says that it needs to be array of elf_greg_t that has size of ELF_NREG.
1921 *
1922 * typedef <target_regtype> target_elf_greg_t;
1923 * #define ELF_NREG <number of registers>
1924 * typedef taret_elf_greg_t target_elf_gregset_t[ELF_NREG];
1925 *
1926 * Last step is to implement target specific function that copies registers
1927 * from given cpu into just specified register set. Prototype is:
1928 *
1929 * static void elf_core_copy_regs(taret_elf_gregset_t *regs,
1930 * const CPUState *env);
1931 *
1932 * Parameters:
1933 * regs - copy register values into here (allocated and zeroed by caller)
1934 * env - copy registers from here
1935 *
1936 * Example for ARM target is provided in this file.
1937 */
1938
1939 /* An ELF note in memory */
1940 struct memelfnote {
1941 const char *name;
1942 size_t namesz;
1943 size_t namesz_rounded;
1944 int type;
1945 size_t datasz;
1946 size_t datasz_rounded;
1947 void *data;
1948 size_t notesz;
1949 };
1950
1951 struct target_elf_siginfo {
1952 target_int si_signo; /* signal number */
1953 target_int si_code; /* extra code */
1954 target_int si_errno; /* errno */
1955 };
1956
1957 struct target_elf_prstatus {
1958 struct target_elf_siginfo pr_info; /* Info associated with signal */
1959 target_short pr_cursig; /* Current signal */
1960 target_ulong pr_sigpend; /* XXX */
1961 target_ulong pr_sighold; /* XXX */
1962 target_pid_t pr_pid;
1963 target_pid_t pr_ppid;
1964 target_pid_t pr_pgrp;
1965 target_pid_t pr_sid;
1966 struct target_timeval pr_utime; /* XXX User time */
1967 struct target_timeval pr_stime; /* XXX System time */
1968 struct target_timeval pr_cutime; /* XXX Cumulative user time */
1969 struct target_timeval pr_cstime; /* XXX Cumulative system time */
1970 target_elf_gregset_t pr_reg; /* GP registers */
1971 target_int pr_fpvalid; /* XXX */
1972 };
1973
1974 #define ELF_PRARGSZ (80) /* Number of chars for args */
1975
1976 struct target_elf_prpsinfo {
1977 char pr_state; /* numeric process state */
1978 char pr_sname; /* char for pr_state */
1979 char pr_zomb; /* zombie */
1980 char pr_nice; /* nice val */
1981 target_ulong pr_flag; /* flags */
1982 target_uid_t pr_uid;
1983 target_gid_t pr_gid;
1984 target_pid_t pr_pid, pr_ppid, pr_pgrp, pr_sid;
1985 /* Lots missing */
1986 char pr_fname[16]; /* filename of executable */
1987 char pr_psargs[ELF_PRARGSZ]; /* initial part of arg list */
1988 };
1989
1990 /* Here is the structure in which status of each thread is captured. */
1991 struct elf_thread_status {
1992 QTAILQ_ENTRY(elf_thread_status) ets_link;
1993 struct target_elf_prstatus prstatus; /* NT_PRSTATUS */
1994 #if 0
1995 elf_fpregset_t fpu; /* NT_PRFPREG */
1996 struct task_struct *thread;
1997 elf_fpxregset_t xfpu; /* ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE */
1998 #endif
1999 struct memelfnote notes[1];
2000 int num_notes;
2001 };
2002
2003 struct elf_note_info {
2004 struct memelfnote *notes;
2005 struct target_elf_prstatus *prstatus; /* NT_PRSTATUS */
2006 struct target_elf_prpsinfo *psinfo; /* NT_PRPSINFO */
2007
2008 QTAILQ_HEAD(thread_list_head, elf_thread_status) thread_list;
2009 #if 0
2010 /*
2011 * Current version of ELF coredump doesn't support
2012 * dumping fp regs etc.
2013 */
2014 elf_fpregset_t *fpu;
2015 elf_fpxregset_t *xfpu;
2016 int thread_status_size;
2017 #endif
2018 int notes_size;
2019 int numnote;
2020 };
2021
2022 struct vm_area_struct {
2023 abi_ulong vma_start; /* start vaddr of memory region */
2024 abi_ulong vma_end; /* end vaddr of memory region */
2025 abi_ulong vma_flags; /* protection etc. flags for the region */
2026 QTAILQ_ENTRY(vm_area_struct) vma_link;
2027 };
2028
2029 struct mm_struct {
2030 QTAILQ_HEAD(, vm_area_struct) mm_mmap;
2031 int mm_count; /* number of mappings */
2032 };
2033
2034 static struct mm_struct *vma_init(void);
2035 static void vma_delete(struct mm_struct *);
2036 static int vma_add_mapping(struct mm_struct *, abi_ulong,
2037 abi_ulong, abi_ulong);
2038 static int vma_get_mapping_count(const struct mm_struct *);
2039 static struct vm_area_struct *vma_first(const struct mm_struct *);
2040 static struct vm_area_struct *vma_next(struct vm_area_struct *);
2041 static abi_ulong vma_dump_size(const struct vm_area_struct *);
2042 static int vma_walker(void *priv, abi_ulong start, abi_ulong end,
2043 unsigned long flags);
2044
2045 static void fill_elf_header(struct elfhdr *, int, uint16_t, uint32_t);
2046 static void fill_note(struct memelfnote *, const char *, int,
2047 unsigned int, void *);
2048 static void fill_prstatus(struct target_elf_prstatus *, const TaskState *, int);
2049 static int fill_psinfo(struct target_elf_prpsinfo *, const TaskState *);
2050 static void fill_auxv_note(struct memelfnote *, const TaskState *);
2051 static void fill_elf_note_phdr(struct elf_phdr *, int, off_t);
2052 static size_t note_size(const struct memelfnote *);
2053 static void free_note_info(struct elf_note_info *);
2054 static int fill_note_info(struct elf_note_info *, long, const CPUState *);
2055 static void fill_thread_info(struct elf_note_info *, const CPUState *);
2056 static int core_dump_filename(const TaskState *, char *, size_t);
2057
2058 static int dump_write(int, const void *, size_t);
2059 static int write_note(struct memelfnote *, int);
2060 static int write_note_info(struct elf_note_info *, int);
2061
2062 #ifdef BSWAP_NEEDED
2063 static void bswap_prstatus(struct target_elf_prstatus *prstatus)
2064 {
2065 prstatus->pr_info.si_signo = tswapl(prstatus->pr_info.si_signo);
2066 prstatus->pr_info.si_code = tswapl(prstatus->pr_info.si_code);
2067 prstatus->pr_info.si_errno = tswapl(prstatus->pr_info.si_errno);
2068 prstatus->pr_cursig = tswap16(prstatus->pr_cursig);
2069 prstatus->pr_sigpend = tswapl(prstatus->pr_sigpend);
2070 prstatus->pr_sighold = tswapl(prstatus->pr_sighold);
2071 prstatus->pr_pid = tswap32(prstatus->pr_pid);
2072 prstatus->pr_ppid = tswap32(prstatus->pr_ppid);
2073 prstatus->pr_pgrp = tswap32(prstatus->pr_pgrp);
2074 prstatus->pr_sid = tswap32(prstatus->pr_sid);
2075 /* cpu times are not filled, so we skip them */
2076 /* regs should be in correct format already */
2077 prstatus->pr_fpvalid = tswap32(prstatus->pr_fpvalid);
2078 }
2079
2080 static void bswap_psinfo(struct target_elf_prpsinfo *psinfo)
2081 {
2082 psinfo->pr_flag = tswapl(psinfo->pr_flag);
2083 psinfo->pr_uid = tswap16(psinfo->pr_uid);
2084 psinfo->pr_gid = tswap16(psinfo->pr_gid);
2085 psinfo->pr_pid = tswap32(psinfo->pr_pid);
2086 psinfo->pr_ppid = tswap32(psinfo->pr_ppid);
2087 psinfo->pr_pgrp = tswap32(psinfo->pr_pgrp);
2088 psinfo->pr_sid = tswap32(psinfo->pr_sid);
2089 }
2090
2091 static void bswap_note(struct elf_note *en)
2092 {
2093 bswap32s(&en->n_namesz);
2094 bswap32s(&en->n_descsz);
2095 bswap32s(&en->n_type);
2096 }
2097 #else
2098 static inline void bswap_prstatus(struct target_elf_prstatus *p) { }
2099 static inline void bswap_psinfo(struct target_elf_prpsinfo *p) {}
2100 static inline void bswap_note(struct elf_note *en) { }
2101 #endif /* BSWAP_NEEDED */
2102
2103 /*
2104 * Minimal support for linux memory regions. These are needed
2105 * when we are finding out what memory exactly belongs to
2106 * emulated process. No locks needed here, as long as
2107 * thread that received the signal is stopped.
2108 */
2109
2110 static struct mm_struct *vma_init(void)
2111 {
2112 struct mm_struct *mm;
2113
2114 if ((mm = g_malloc(sizeof (*mm))) == NULL)
2115 return (NULL);
2116
2117 mm->mm_count = 0;
2118 QTAILQ_INIT(&mm->mm_mmap);
2119
2120 return (mm);
2121 }
2122
2123 static void vma_delete(struct mm_struct *mm)
2124 {
2125 struct vm_area_struct *vma;
2126
2127 while ((vma = vma_first(mm)) != NULL) {
2128 QTAILQ_REMOVE(&mm->mm_mmap, vma, vma_link);
2129 g_free(vma);
2130 }
2131 g_free(mm);
2132 }
2133
2134 static int vma_add_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, abi_ulong start,
2135 abi_ulong end, abi_ulong flags)
2136 {
2137 struct vm_area_struct *vma;
2138
2139 if ((vma = g_malloc0(sizeof (*vma))) == NULL)
2140 return (-1);
2141
2142 vma->vma_start = start;
2143 vma->vma_end = end;
2144 vma->vma_flags = flags;
2145
2146 QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&mm->mm_mmap, vma, vma_link);
2147 mm->mm_count++;
2148
2149 return (0);
2150 }
2151
2152 static struct vm_area_struct *vma_first(const struct mm_struct *mm)
2153 {
2154 return (QTAILQ_FIRST(&mm->mm_mmap));
2155 }
2156
2157 static struct vm_area_struct *vma_next(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
2158 {
2159 return (QTAILQ_NEXT(vma, vma_link));
2160 }
2161
2162 static int vma_get_mapping_count(const struct mm_struct *mm)
2163 {
2164 return (mm->mm_count);
2165 }
2166
2167 /*
2168 * Calculate file (dump) size of given memory region.
2169 */
2170 static abi_ulong vma_dump_size(const struct vm_area_struct *vma)
2171 {
2172 /* if we cannot even read the first page, skip it */
2173 if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, vma->vma_start, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE))
2174 return (0);
2175
2176 /*
2177 * Usually we don't dump executable pages as they contain
2178 * non-writable code that debugger can read directly from
2179 * target library etc. However, thread stacks are marked
2180 * also executable so we read in first page of given region
2181 * and check whether it contains elf header. If there is
2182 * no elf header, we dump it.
2183 */
2184 if (vma->vma_flags & PROT_EXEC) {
2185 char page[TARGET_PAGE_SIZE];
2186
2187 copy_from_user(page, vma->vma_start, sizeof (page));
2188 if ((page[EI_MAG0] == ELFMAG0) &&
2189 (page[EI_MAG1] == ELFMAG1) &&
2190 (page[EI_MAG2] == ELFMAG2) &&
2191 (page[EI_MAG3] == ELFMAG3)) {
2192 /*
2193 * Mappings are possibly from ELF binary. Don't dump
2194 * them.
2195 */
2196 return (0);
2197 }
2198 }
2199
2200 return (vma->vma_end - vma->vma_start);
2201 }
2202
2203 static int vma_walker(void *priv, abi_ulong start, abi_ulong end,
2204 unsigned long flags)
2205 {
2206 struct mm_struct *mm = (struct mm_struct *)priv;
2207
2208 vma_add_mapping(mm, start, end, flags);
2209 return (0);
2210 }
2211
2212 static void fill_note(struct memelfnote *note, const char *name, int type,
2213 unsigned int sz, void *data)
2214 {
2215 unsigned int namesz;
2216
2217 namesz = strlen(name) + 1;
2218 note->name = name;
2219 note->namesz = namesz;
2220 note->namesz_rounded = roundup(namesz, sizeof (int32_t));
2221 note->type = type;
2222 note->datasz = sz;
2223 note->datasz_rounded = roundup(sz, sizeof (int32_t));
2224
2225 note->data = data;
2226
2227 /*
2228 * We calculate rounded up note size here as specified by
2229 * ELF document.
2230 */
2231 note->notesz = sizeof (struct elf_note) +
2232 note->namesz_rounded + note->datasz_rounded;
2233 }
2234
2235 static void fill_elf_header(struct elfhdr *elf, int segs, uint16_t machine,
2236 uint32_t flags)
2237 {
2238 (void) memset(elf, 0, sizeof(*elf));
2239
2240 (void) memcpy(elf->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
2241 elf->e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELF_CLASS;
2242 elf->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELF_DATA;
2243 elf->e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
2244 elf->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELF_OSABI;
2245
2246 elf->e_type = ET_CORE;
2247 elf->e_machine = machine;
2248 elf->e_version = EV_CURRENT;
2249 elf->e_phoff = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
2250 elf->e_flags = flags;
2251 elf->e_ehsize = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
2252 elf->e_phentsize = sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
2253 elf->e_phnum = segs;
2254
2255 bswap_ehdr(elf);
2256 }
2257
2258 static void fill_elf_note_phdr(struct elf_phdr *phdr, int sz, off_t offset)
2259 {
2260 phdr->p_type = PT_NOTE;
2261 phdr->p_offset = offset;
2262 phdr->p_vaddr = 0;
2263 phdr->p_paddr = 0;
2264 phdr->p_filesz = sz;
2265 phdr->p_memsz = 0;
2266 phdr->p_flags = 0;
2267 phdr->p_align = 0;
2268
2269 bswap_phdr(phdr, 1);
2270 }
2271
2272 static size_t note_size(const struct memelfnote *note)
2273 {
2274 return (note->notesz);
2275 }
2276
2277 static void fill_prstatus(struct target_elf_prstatus *prstatus,
2278 const TaskState *ts, int signr)
2279 {
2280 (void) memset(prstatus, 0, sizeof (*prstatus));
2281 prstatus->pr_info.si_signo = prstatus->pr_cursig = signr;
2282 prstatus->pr_pid = ts->ts_tid;
2283 prstatus->pr_ppid = getppid();
2284 prstatus->pr_pgrp = getpgrp();
2285 prstatus->pr_sid = getsid(0);
2286
2287 bswap_prstatus(prstatus);
2288 }
2289
2290 static int fill_psinfo(struct target_elf_prpsinfo *psinfo, const TaskState *ts)
2291 {
2292 char *filename, *base_filename;
2293 unsigned int i, len;
2294
2295 (void) memset(psinfo, 0, sizeof (*psinfo));
2296
2297 len = ts->info->arg_end - ts->info->arg_start;
2298 if (len >= ELF_PRARGSZ)
2299 len = ELF_PRARGSZ - 1;
2300 if (copy_from_user(&psinfo->pr_psargs, ts->info->arg_start, len))
2301 return -EFAULT;
2302 for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
2303 if (psinfo->pr_psargs[i] == 0)
2304 psinfo->pr_psargs[i] = ' ';
2305 psinfo->pr_psargs[len] = 0;
2306
2307 psinfo->pr_pid = getpid();
2308 psinfo->pr_ppid = getppid();
2309 psinfo->pr_pgrp = getpgrp();
2310 psinfo->pr_sid = getsid(0);
2311 psinfo->pr_uid = getuid();
2312 psinfo->pr_gid = getgid();
2313
2314 filename = strdup(ts->bprm->filename);
2315 base_filename = strdup(basename(filename));
2316 (void) strncpy(psinfo->pr_fname, base_filename,
2317 sizeof(psinfo->pr_fname));
2318 free(base_filename);
2319 free(filename);
2320
2321 bswap_psinfo(psinfo);
2322 return (0);
2323 }
2324
2325 static void fill_auxv_note(struct memelfnote *note, const TaskState *ts)
2326 {
2327 elf_addr_t auxv = (elf_addr_t)ts->info->saved_auxv;
2328 elf_addr_t orig_auxv = auxv;
2329 abi_ulong val;
2330 void *ptr;
2331 int i, len;
2332
2333 /*
2334 * Auxiliary vector is stored in target process stack. It contains
2335 * {type, value} pairs that we need to dump into note. This is not
2336 * strictly necessary but we do it here for sake of completeness.
2337 */
2338
2339 /* find out length of the vector, AT_NULL is terminator */
2340 i = len = 0;
2341 do {
2342 get_user_ual(val, auxv);
2343 i += 2;
2344 auxv += 2 * sizeof (elf_addr_t);
2345 } while (val != AT_NULL);
2346 len = i * sizeof (elf_addr_t);
2347
2348 /* read in whole auxv vector and copy it to memelfnote */
2349 ptr = lock_user(VERIFY_READ, orig_auxv, len, 0);
2350 if (ptr != NULL) {
2351 fill_note(note, "CORE", NT_AUXV, len, ptr);
2352 unlock_user(ptr, auxv, len);
2353 }
2354 }
2355
2356 /*
2357 * Constructs name of coredump file. We have following convention
2358 * for the name:
2359 * qemu_<basename-of-target-binary>_<date>-<time>_<pid>.core
2360 *
2361 * Returns 0 in case of success, -1 otherwise (errno is set).
2362 */
2363 static int core_dump_filename(const TaskState *ts, char *buf,
2364 size_t bufsize)
2365 {
2366 char timestamp[64];
2367 char *filename = NULL;
2368 char *base_filename = NULL;
2369 struct timeval tv;
2370 struct tm tm;
2371
2372 assert(bufsize >= PATH_MAX);
2373
2374 if (gettimeofday(&tv, NULL) < 0) {
2375 (void) fprintf(stderr, "unable to get current timestamp: %s",
2376 strerror(errno));
2377 return (-1);
2378 }
2379
2380 filename = strdup(ts->bprm->filename);
2381 base_filename = strdup(basename(filename));
2382 (void) strftime(timestamp, sizeof (timestamp), "%Y%m%d-%H%M%S",
2383 localtime_r(&tv.tv_sec, &tm));
2384 (void) snprintf(buf, bufsize, "qemu_%s_%s_%d.core",
2385 base_filename, timestamp, (int)getpid());
2386 free(base_filename);
2387 free(filename);
2388
2389 return (0);
2390 }
2391
2392 static int dump_write(int fd, const void *ptr, size_t size)
2393 {
2394 const char *bufp = (const char *)ptr;
2395 ssize_t bytes_written, bytes_left;
2396 struct rlimit dumpsize;
2397 off_t pos;
2398
2399 bytes_written = 0;
2400 getrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &dumpsize);
2401 if ((pos = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR))==-1) {
2402 if (errno == ESPIPE) { /* not a seekable stream */
2403 bytes_left = size;
2404 } else {
2405 return pos;
2406 }
2407 } else {
2408 if (dumpsize.rlim_cur <= pos) {
2409 return -1;
2410 } else if (dumpsize.rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY) {
2411 bytes_left = size;
2412 } else {
2413 size_t limit_left=dumpsize.rlim_cur - pos;
2414 bytes_left = limit_left >= size ? size : limit_left ;
2415 }
2416 }
2417
2418 /*
2419 * In normal conditions, single write(2) should do but
2420 * in case of socket etc. this mechanism is more portable.
2421 */
2422 do {
2423 bytes_written = write(fd, bufp, bytes_left);
2424 if (bytes_written < 0) {
2425 if (errno == EINTR)
2426 continue;
2427 return (-1);
2428 } else if (bytes_written == 0) { /* eof */
2429 return (-1);
2430 }
2431 bufp += bytes_written;
2432 bytes_left -= bytes_written;
2433 } while (bytes_left > 0);
2434
2435 return (0);
2436 }
2437
2438 static int write_note(struct memelfnote *men, int fd)
2439 {
2440 struct elf_note en;
2441
2442 en.n_namesz = men->namesz;
2443 en.n_type = men->type;
2444 en.n_descsz = men->datasz;
2445
2446 bswap_note(&en);
2447
2448 if (dump_write(fd, &en, sizeof(en)) != 0)
2449 return (-1);
2450 if (dump_write(fd, men->name, men->namesz_rounded) != 0)
2451 return (-1);
2452 if (dump_write(fd, men->data, men->datasz_rounded) != 0)
2453 return (-1);
2454
2455 return (0);
2456 }
2457
2458 static void fill_thread_info(struct elf_note_info *info, const CPUState *env)
2459 {
2460 TaskState *ts = (TaskState *)env->opaque;
2461 struct elf_thread_status *ets;
2462
2463 ets = g_malloc0(sizeof (*ets));
2464 ets->num_notes = 1; /* only prstatus is dumped */
2465 fill_prstatus(&ets->prstatus, ts, 0);
2466 elf_core_copy_regs(&ets->prstatus.pr_reg, env);
2467 fill_note(&ets->notes[0], "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof (ets->prstatus),
2468 &ets->prstatus);
2469
2470 QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&info->thread_list, ets, ets_link);
2471
2472 info->notes_size += note_size(&ets->notes[0]);
2473 }
2474
2475 static int fill_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info,
2476 long signr, const CPUState *env)
2477 {
2478 #define NUMNOTES 3
2479 CPUState *cpu = NULL;
2480 TaskState *ts = (TaskState *)env->opaque;
2481 int i;
2482
2483 (void) memset(info, 0, sizeof (*info));
2484
2485 QTAILQ_INIT(&info->thread_list);
2486
2487 info->notes = g_malloc0(NUMNOTES * sizeof (struct memelfnote));
2488 if (info->notes == NULL)
2489 return (-ENOMEM);
2490 info->prstatus = g_malloc0(sizeof (*info->prstatus));
2491 if (info->prstatus == NULL)
2492 return (-ENOMEM);
2493 info->psinfo = g_malloc0(sizeof (*info->psinfo));
2494 if (info->prstatus == NULL)
2495 return (-ENOMEM);
2496
2497 /*
2498 * First fill in status (and registers) of current thread
2499 * including process info & aux vector.
2500 */
2501 fill_prstatus(info->prstatus, ts, signr);
2502 elf_core_copy_regs(&info->prstatus->pr_reg, env);
2503 fill_note(&info->notes[0], "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS,
2504 sizeof (*info->prstatus), info->prstatus);
2505 fill_psinfo(info->psinfo, ts);
2506 fill_note(&info->notes[1], "CORE", NT_PRPSINFO,
2507 sizeof (*info->psinfo), info->psinfo);
2508 fill_auxv_note(&info->notes[2], ts);
2509 info->numnote = 3;
2510
2511 info->notes_size = 0;
2512 for (i = 0; i < info->numnote; i++)
2513 info->notes_size += note_size(&info->notes[i]);
2514
2515 /* read and fill status of all threads */
2516 cpu_list_lock();
2517 for (cpu = first_cpu; cpu != NULL; cpu = cpu->next_cpu) {
2518 if (cpu == thread_env)
2519 continue;
2520 fill_thread_info(info, cpu);
2521 }
2522 cpu_list_unlock();
2523
2524 return (0);
2525 }
2526
2527 static void free_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info)
2528 {
2529 struct elf_thread_status *ets;
2530
2531 while (!QTAILQ_EMPTY(&info->thread_list)) {
2532 ets = QTAILQ_FIRST(&info->thread_list);
2533 QTAILQ_REMOVE(&info->thread_list, ets, ets_link);
2534 g_free(ets);
2535 }
2536
2537 g_free(info->prstatus);
2538 g_free(info->psinfo);
2539 g_free(info->notes);
2540 }
2541
2542 static int write_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info, int fd)
2543 {
2544 struct elf_thread_status *ets;
2545 int i, error = 0;
2546
2547 /* write prstatus, psinfo and auxv for current thread */
2548 for (i = 0; i < info->numnote; i++)
2549 if ((error = write_note(&info->notes[i], fd)) != 0)
2550 return (error);
2551
2552 /* write prstatus for each thread */
2553 for (ets = info->thread_list.tqh_first; ets != NULL;
2554 ets = ets->ets_link.tqe_next) {
2555 if ((error = write_note(&ets->notes[0], fd)) != 0)
2556 return (error);
2557 }
2558
2559 return (0);
2560 }
2561
2562 /*
2563 * Write out ELF coredump.
2564 *
2565 * See documentation of ELF object file format in:
2566 * http://www.caldera.com/developers/devspecs/gabi41.pdf
2567 *
2568 * Coredump format in linux is following:
2569 *
2570 * 0 +----------------------+ \
2571 * | ELF header | ET_CORE |
2572 * +----------------------+ |
2573 * | ELF program headers | |--- headers
2574 * | - NOTE section | |
2575 * | - PT_LOAD sections | |
2576 * +----------------------+ /
2577 * | NOTEs: |
2578 * | - NT_PRSTATUS |
2579 * | - NT_PRSINFO |
2580 * | - NT_AUXV |
2581 * +----------------------+ <-- aligned to target page
2582 * | Process memory dump |
2583 * : :
2584 * . .
2585 * : :
2586 * | |
2587 * +----------------------+
2588 *
2589 * NT_PRSTATUS -> struct elf_prstatus (per thread)
2590 * NT_PRSINFO -> struct elf_prpsinfo
2591 * NT_AUXV is array of { type, value } pairs (see fill_auxv_note()).
2592 *
2593 * Format follows System V format as close as possible. Current
2594 * version limitations are as follows:
2595 * - no floating point registers are dumped
2596 *
2597 * Function returns 0 in case of success, negative errno otherwise.
2598 *
2599 * TODO: make this work also during runtime: it should be
2600 * possible to force coredump from running process and then
2601 * continue processing. For example qemu could set up SIGUSR2
2602 * handler (provided that target process haven't registered
2603 * handler for that) that does the dump when signal is received.
2604 */
2605 static int elf_core_dump(int signr, const CPUState *env)
2606 {
2607 const TaskState *ts = (const TaskState *)env->opaque;
2608 struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
2609 char corefile[PATH_MAX];
2610 struct elf_note_info info;
2611 struct elfhdr elf;
2612 struct elf_phdr phdr;
2613 struct rlimit dumpsize;
2614 struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
2615 off_t offset = 0, data_offset = 0;
2616 int segs = 0;
2617 int fd = -1;
2618
2619 errno = 0;
2620 getrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &dumpsize);
2621 if (dumpsize.rlim_cur == 0)
2622 return 0;
2623
2624 if (core_dump_filename(ts, corefile, sizeof (corefile)) < 0)
2625 return (-errno);
2626
2627 if ((fd = open(corefile, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT,
2628 S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR|S_IRGRP|S_IROTH)) < 0)
2629 return (-errno);
2630
2631 /*
2632 * Walk through target process memory mappings and
2633 * set up structure containing this information. After
2634 * this point vma_xxx functions can be used.
2635 */
2636 if ((mm = vma_init()) == NULL)
2637 goto out;
2638
2639 walk_memory_regions(mm, vma_walker);
2640 segs = vma_get_mapping_count(mm);
2641
2642 /*
2643 * Construct valid coredump ELF header. We also
2644 * add one more segment for notes.
2645 */
2646 fill_elf_header(&elf, segs + 1, ELF_MACHINE, 0);
2647 if (dump_write(fd, &elf, sizeof (elf)) != 0)
2648 goto out;
2649
2650 /* fill in in-memory version of notes */
2651 if (fill_note_info(&info, signr, env) < 0)
2652 goto out;
2653
2654 offset += sizeof (elf); /* elf header */
2655 offset += (segs + 1) * sizeof (struct elf_phdr); /* program headers */
2656
2657 /* write out notes program header */
2658 fill_elf_note_phdr(&phdr, info.notes_size, offset);
2659
2660 offset += info.notes_size;
2661 if (dump_write(fd, &phdr, sizeof (phdr)) != 0)
2662 goto out;
2663
2664 /*
2665 * ELF specification wants data to start at page boundary so
2666 * we align it here.
2667 */
2668 data_offset = offset = roundup(offset, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);
2669
2670 /*
2671 * Write program headers for memory regions mapped in
2672 * the target process.
2673 */
2674 for (vma = vma_first(mm); vma != NULL; vma = vma_next(vma)) {
2675 (void) memset(&phdr, 0, sizeof (phdr));
2676
2677 phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
2678 phdr.p_offset = offset;
2679 phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vma_start;
2680 phdr.p_paddr = 0;
2681 phdr.p_filesz = vma_dump_size(vma);
2682 offset += phdr.p_filesz;
2683 phdr.p_memsz = vma->vma_end - vma->vma_start;
2684 phdr.p_flags = vma->vma_flags & PROT_READ ? PF_R : 0;
2685 if (vma->vma_flags & PROT_WRITE)
2686 phdr.p_flags |= PF_W;
2687 if (vma->vma_flags & PROT_EXEC)
2688 phdr.p_flags |= PF_X;
2689 phdr.p_align = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE;
2690
2691 bswap_phdr(&phdr, 1);
2692 dump_write(fd, &phdr, sizeof (phdr));
2693 }
2694
2695 /*
2696 * Next we write notes just after program headers. No
2697 * alignment needed here.
2698 */
2699 if (write_note_info(&info, fd) < 0)
2700 goto out;
2701
2702 /* align data to page boundary */
2703 if (lseek(fd, data_offset, SEEK_SET) != data_offset)
2704 goto out;
2705
2706 /*
2707 * Finally we can dump process memory into corefile as well.
2708 */
2709 for (vma = vma_first(mm); vma != NULL; vma = vma_next(vma)) {
2710 abi_ulong addr;
2711 abi_ulong end;
2712
2713 end = vma->vma_start + vma_dump_size(vma);
2714
2715 for (addr = vma->vma_start; addr < end;
2716 addr += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
2717 char page[TARGET_PAGE_SIZE];
2718 int error;
2719
2720 /*
2721 * Read in page from target process memory and
2722 * write it to coredump file.
2723 */
2724 error = copy_from_user(page, addr, sizeof (page));
2725 if (error != 0) {
2726 (void) fprintf(stderr, "unable to dump " TARGET_ABI_FMT_lx "\n",
2727 addr);
2728 errno = -error;
2729 goto out;
2730 }
2731 if (dump_write(fd, page, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) < 0)
2732 goto out;
2733 }
2734 }
2735
2736 out:
2737 free_note_info(&info);
2738 if (mm != NULL)
2739 vma_delete(mm);
2740 (void) close(fd);
2741
2742 if (errno != 0)
2743 return (-errno);
2744 return (0);
2745 }
2746 #endif /* USE_ELF_CORE_DUMP */
2747
2748 void do_init_thread(struct target_pt_regs *regs, struct image_info *infop)
2749 {
2750 init_thread(regs, infop);
2751 }