qga: Installer: Wait for installation to finish
[qemu.git] / scripts / checkpatch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/env perl
2 # (c) 2001, Dave Jones. (the file handling bit)
3 # (c) 2005, Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> (the ugly bit)
4 # (c) 2007,2008, Andy Whitcroft <apw@uk.ibm.com> (new conditions, test suite)
5 # (c) 2008-2010 Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
6 # Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
7
8 use strict;
9 use warnings;
10 use Term::ANSIColor qw(:constants);
11
12 my $P = $0;
13 $P =~ s@.*/@@g;
14
15 our $SrcFile = qr{\.(?:h|c|cpp|s|S|pl|py|sh)$};
16
17 my $V = '0.31';
18
19 use Getopt::Long qw(:config no_auto_abbrev);
20
21 my $quiet = 0;
22 my $tree = 1;
23 my $chk_signoff = 1;
24 my $chk_patch = undef;
25 my $chk_branch = undef;
26 my $tst_only;
27 my $emacs = 0;
28 my $terse = 0;
29 my $file = undef;
30 my $color = "auto";
31 my $no_warnings = 0;
32 my $summary = 1;
33 my $mailback = 0;
34 my $summary_file = 0;
35 my $root;
36 my %debug;
37 my $help = 0;
38
39 sub help {
40 my ($exitcode) = @_;
41
42 print << "EOM";
43 Usage:
44
45 $P [OPTION]... [FILE]...
46 $P [OPTION]... [GIT-REV-LIST]
47
48 Version: $V
49
50 Options:
51 -q, --quiet quiet
52 --no-tree run without a kernel tree
53 --no-signoff do not check for 'Signed-off-by' line
54 --patch treat FILE as patchfile
55 --branch treat args as GIT revision list
56 --emacs emacs compile window format
57 --terse one line per report
58 -f, --file treat FILE as regular source file
59 --strict fail if only warnings are found
60 --root=PATH PATH to the kernel tree root
61 --no-summary suppress the per-file summary
62 --mailback only produce a report in case of warnings/errors
63 --summary-file include the filename in summary
64 --debug KEY=[0|1] turn on/off debugging of KEY, where KEY is one of
65 'values', 'possible', 'type', and 'attr' (default
66 is all off)
67 --test-only=WORD report only warnings/errors containing WORD
68 literally
69 --color[=WHEN] Use colors 'always', 'never', or only when output
70 is a terminal ('auto'). Default is 'auto'.
71 -h, --help, --version display this help and exit
72
73 When FILE is - read standard input.
74 EOM
75
76 exit($exitcode);
77 }
78
79 # Perl's Getopt::Long allows options to take optional arguments after a space.
80 # Prevent --color by itself from consuming other arguments
81 foreach (@ARGV) {
82 if ($_ eq "--color" || $_ eq "-color") {
83 $_ = "--color=$color";
84 }
85 }
86
87 GetOptions(
88 'q|quiet+' => \$quiet,
89 'tree!' => \$tree,
90 'signoff!' => \$chk_signoff,
91 'patch!' => \$chk_patch,
92 'branch!' => \$chk_branch,
93 'emacs!' => \$emacs,
94 'terse!' => \$terse,
95 'f|file!' => \$file,
96 'strict!' => \$no_warnings,
97 'root=s' => \$root,
98 'summary!' => \$summary,
99 'mailback!' => \$mailback,
100 'summary-file!' => \$summary_file,
101
102 'debug=s' => \%debug,
103 'test-only=s' => \$tst_only,
104 'color=s' => \$color,
105 'no-color' => sub { $color = 'never'; },
106 'h|help' => \$help,
107 'version' => \$help
108 ) or help(1);
109
110 help(0) if ($help);
111
112 my $exit = 0;
113
114 if ($#ARGV < 0) {
115 print "$P: no input files\n";
116 exit(1);
117 }
118
119 if (!defined $chk_branch && !defined $chk_patch && !defined $file) {
120 $chk_branch = $ARGV[0] =~ /.\.\./ ? 1 : 0;
121 $file = $ARGV[0] =~ /$SrcFile/ ? 1 : 0;
122 $chk_patch = $chk_branch || $file ? 0 : 1;
123 } elsif (!defined $chk_branch && !defined $chk_patch) {
124 if ($file) {
125 $chk_branch = $chk_patch = 0;
126 } else {
127 $chk_branch = $ARGV[0] =~ /.\.\./ ? 1 : 0;
128 $chk_patch = $chk_branch ? 0 : 1;
129 }
130 } elsif (!defined $chk_branch && !defined $file) {
131 if ($chk_patch) {
132 $chk_branch = $file = 0;
133 } else {
134 $chk_branch = $ARGV[0] =~ /.\.\./ ? 1 : 0;
135 $file = $chk_branch ? 0 : 1;
136 }
137 } elsif (!defined $chk_patch && !defined $file) {
138 if ($chk_branch) {
139 $chk_patch = $file = 0;
140 } else {
141 $file = $ARGV[0] =~ /$SrcFile/ ? 1 : 0;
142 $chk_patch = $file ? 0 : 1;
143 }
144 } elsif (!defined $chk_branch) {
145 $chk_branch = $chk_patch || $file ? 0 : 1;
146 } elsif (!defined $chk_patch) {
147 $chk_patch = $chk_branch || $file ? 0 : 1;
148 } elsif (!defined $file) {
149 $file = $chk_patch || $chk_branch ? 0 : 1;
150 }
151
152 if (($chk_patch && $chk_branch) ||
153 ($chk_patch && $file) ||
154 ($chk_branch && $file)) {
155 die "Only one of --file, --branch, --patch is permitted\n";
156 }
157 if (!$chk_patch && !$chk_branch && !$file) {
158 die "One of --file, --branch, --patch is required\n";
159 }
160
161 if ($color =~ /^always$/i) {
162 $color = 1;
163 } elsif ($color =~ /^never$/i) {
164 $color = 0;
165 } elsif ($color =~ /^auto$/i) {
166 $color = (-t STDOUT);
167 } else {
168 die "Invalid color mode: $color\n";
169 }
170
171 my $dbg_values = 0;
172 my $dbg_possible = 0;
173 my $dbg_type = 0;
174 my $dbg_attr = 0;
175 my $dbg_adv_dcs = 0;
176 my $dbg_adv_checking = 0;
177 my $dbg_adv_apw = 0;
178 for my $key (keys %debug) {
179 ## no critic
180 eval "\${dbg_$key} = '$debug{$key}';";
181 die "$@" if ($@);
182 }
183
184 my $rpt_cleaners = 0;
185
186 if ($terse) {
187 $emacs = 1;
188 $quiet++;
189 }
190
191 if ($tree) {
192 if (defined $root) {
193 if (!top_of_kernel_tree($root)) {
194 die "$P: $root: --root does not point at a valid tree\n";
195 }
196 } else {
197 if (top_of_kernel_tree('.')) {
198 $root = '.';
199 } elsif ($0 =~ m@(.*)/scripts/[^/]*$@ &&
200 top_of_kernel_tree($1)) {
201 $root = $1;
202 }
203 }
204
205 if (!defined $root) {
206 print "Must be run from the top-level dir. of a kernel tree\n";
207 exit(2);
208 }
209 }
210
211 my $emitted_corrupt = 0;
212
213 our $Ident = qr{
214 [A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*
215 (?:\s*\#\#\s*[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*)*
216 }x;
217 our $Storage = qr{extern|static|asmlinkage};
218 our $Sparse = qr{
219 __force
220 }x;
221
222 # Notes to $Attribute:
223 our $Attribute = qr{
224 const|
225 volatile|
226 QEMU_NORETURN|
227 QEMU_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT|
228 QEMU_SENTINEL|
229 QEMU_PACKED|
230 GCC_FMT_ATTR
231 }x;
232 our $Modifier;
233 our $Inline = qr{inline};
234 our $Member = qr{->$Ident|\.$Ident|\[[^]]*\]};
235 our $Lval = qr{$Ident(?:$Member)*};
236
237 our $Constant = qr{(?:[0-9]+|0x[0-9a-fA-F]+)[UL]*};
238 our $Assignment = qr{(?:\*\=|/=|%=|\+=|-=|<<=|>>=|&=|\^=|\|=|=)};
239 our $Compare = qr{<=|>=|==|!=|<|>};
240 our $Operators = qr{
241 <=|>=|==|!=|
242 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|!|~|
243 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%
244 }x;
245
246 our $NonptrType;
247 our $Type;
248 our $Declare;
249
250 our $NON_ASCII_UTF8 = qr{
251 [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF] # non-overlong 2-byte
252 | \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF] # excluding overlongs
253 | [\xE1-\xEC\xEE\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2} # straight 3-byte
254 | \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF] # excluding surrogates
255 | \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2} # planes 1-3
256 | [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3} # planes 4-15
257 | \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2} # plane 16
258 }x;
259
260 our $UTF8 = qr{
261 [\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E] # ASCII
262 | $NON_ASCII_UTF8
263 }x;
264
265 # some readers default to ISO-8859-1 when showing email source. detect
266 # when UTF-8 is incorrectly interpreted as ISO-8859-1 and reencoded back.
267 # False positives are possible but very unlikely.
268 our $UTF8_MOJIBAKE = qr{
269 \xC3[\x82-\x9F] \xC2[\x80-\xBF] # c2-df 80-bf
270 | \xC3\xA0 \xC2[\xA0-\xBF] \xC2[\x80-\xBF] # e0 a0-bf 80-bf
271 | \xC3[\xA1-\xAC\xAE\xAF] (?: \xC2[\x80-\xBF]){2} # e1-ec/ee/ef 80-bf 80-bf
272 | \xC3\xAD \xC2[\x80-\x9F] \xC2[\x80-\xBF] # ed 80-9f 80-bf
273 | \xC3\xB0 \xC2[\x90-\xBF] (?: \xC2[\x80-\xBF]){2} # f0 90-bf 80-bf 80-bf
274 | \xC3[\xB1-\xB3] (?: \xC2[\x80-\xBF]){3} # f1-f3 80-bf 80-bf 80-bf
275 | \xC3\xB4 \xC2[\x80-\x8F] (?: \xC2[\x80-\xBF]){2} # f4 80-b8 80-bf 80-bf
276 }x;
277
278 # There are still some false positives, but this catches most
279 # common cases.
280 our $typeTypedefs = qr{(?x:
281 (?![KMGTPE]iB) # IEC binary prefix (do not match)
282 [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*[a-z][A-Za-z\d_]* # camelcase
283 | [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*AIOCB # all uppercase
284 | [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*CPU # all uppercase
285 | QEMUBH # all uppercase
286 )};
287
288 our @typeList = (
289 qr{void},
290 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?char},
291 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?short},
292 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?int},
293 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long},
294 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+int},
295 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long},
296 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long\s+int},
297 qr{unsigned},
298 qr{float},
299 qr{double},
300 qr{bool},
301 qr{struct\s+$Ident},
302 qr{union\s+$Ident},
303 qr{enum\s+$Ident},
304 qr{${Ident}_t},
305 qr{${Ident}_handler},
306 qr{${Ident}_handler_fn},
307 qr{target_(?:u)?long},
308 qr{hwaddr},
309 # external libraries
310 qr{xml${Ident}},
311 qr{xen\w+_handle},
312 # Glib definitions
313 qr{gchar},
314 qr{gshort},
315 qr{glong},
316 qr{gint},
317 qr{gboolean},
318 qr{guchar},
319 qr{gushort},
320 qr{gulong},
321 qr{guint},
322 qr{gfloat},
323 qr{gdouble},
324 qr{gpointer},
325 qr{gconstpointer},
326 qr{gint8},
327 qr{guint8},
328 qr{gint16},
329 qr{guint16},
330 qr{gint32},
331 qr{guint32},
332 qr{gint64},
333 qr{guint64},
334 qr{gsize},
335 qr{gssize},
336 qr{goffset},
337 qr{gintptr},
338 qr{guintptr},
339 );
340
341 # This can be modified by sub possible. Since it can be empty, be careful
342 # about regexes that always match, because they can cause infinite loops.
343 our @modifierList = (
344 );
345
346 sub build_types {
347 my $all = "(?x: \n" . join("|\n ", @typeList) . "\n)";
348 if (@modifierList > 0) {
349 my $mods = "(?x: \n" . join("|\n ", @modifierList) . "\n)";
350 $Modifier = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse|$mods)};
351 } else {
352 $Modifier = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse)};
353 }
354 $NonptrType = qr{
355 (?:$Modifier\s+|const\s+)*
356 (?:
357 (?:typeof|__typeof__)\s*\(\s*\**\s*$Ident\s*\)|
358 (?:$typeTypedefs\b)|
359 (?:${all}\b)
360 )
361 (?:\s+$Modifier|\s+const)*
362 }x;
363 $Type = qr{
364 $NonptrType
365 (?:[\s\*]+\s*const|[\s\*]+|(?:\s*\[\s*\])+)?
366 (?:\s+$Inline|\s+$Modifier)*
367 }x;
368 $Declare = qr{(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type};
369 }
370 build_types();
371
372 $chk_signoff = 0 if ($file);
373
374 my @rawlines = ();
375 my @lines = ();
376 my $vname;
377 if ($chk_branch) {
378 my @patches;
379 my %git_commits = ();
380 my $HASH;
381 open($HASH, "-|", "git", "log", "--reverse", "--no-merges", "--format=%H %s", $ARGV[0]) ||
382 die "$P: git log --reverse --no-merges --format='%H %s' $ARGV[0] failed - $!\n";
383
384 for my $line (<$HASH>) {
385 $line =~ /^([0-9a-fA-F]{40,40}) (.*)$/;
386 next if (!defined($1) || !defined($2));
387 my $sha1 = $1;
388 my $subject = $2;
389 push(@patches, $sha1);
390 $git_commits{$sha1} = $subject;
391 }
392
393 close $HASH;
394
395 die "$P: no revisions returned for revlist '$chk_branch'\n"
396 unless @patches;
397
398 my $i = 1;
399 my $num_patches = @patches;
400 for my $hash (@patches) {
401 my $FILE;
402 open($FILE, '-|', "git", "show", $hash) ||
403 die "$P: git show $hash - $!\n";
404 while (<$FILE>) {
405 chomp;
406 push(@rawlines, $_);
407 }
408 close($FILE);
409 $vname = substr($hash, 0, 12) . ' (' . $git_commits{$hash} . ')';
410 if ($num_patches > 1 && $quiet == 0) {
411 my $prefix = "$i/$num_patches";
412 $prefix = BLUE . BOLD . $prefix . RESET if $color;
413 print "$prefix Checking commit $vname\n";
414 $vname = "Patch $i/$num_patches";
415 } else {
416 $vname = "Commit " . $vname;
417 }
418 if (!process($hash)) {
419 $exit = 1;
420 print "\n" if ($num_patches > 1 && $quiet == 0);
421 }
422 @rawlines = ();
423 @lines = ();
424 $i++;
425 }
426 } else {
427 for my $filename (@ARGV) {
428 my $FILE;
429 if ($file) {
430 open($FILE, '-|', "diff -u /dev/null $filename") ||
431 die "$P: $filename: diff failed - $!\n";
432 } elsif ($filename eq '-') {
433 open($FILE, '<&STDIN');
434 } else {
435 open($FILE, '<', "$filename") ||
436 die "$P: $filename: open failed - $!\n";
437 }
438 if ($filename eq '-') {
439 $vname = 'Your patch';
440 } else {
441 $vname = $filename;
442 }
443 print "Checking $filename...\n" if @ARGV > 1 && $quiet == 0;
444 while (<$FILE>) {
445 chomp;
446 push(@rawlines, $_);
447 }
448 close($FILE);
449 if (!process($filename)) {
450 $exit = 1;
451 }
452 @rawlines = ();
453 @lines = ();
454 }
455 }
456
457 exit($exit);
458
459 sub top_of_kernel_tree {
460 my ($root) = @_;
461
462 my @tree_check = (
463 "COPYING", "MAINTAINERS", "Makefile",
464 "README.rst", "docs", "VERSION",
465 "linux-user", "softmmu"
466 );
467
468 foreach my $check (@tree_check) {
469 if (! -e $root . '/' . $check) {
470 return 0;
471 }
472 }
473 return 1;
474 }
475
476 sub expand_tabs {
477 my ($str) = @_;
478
479 my $res = '';
480 my $n = 0;
481 for my $c (split(//, $str)) {
482 if ($c eq "\t") {
483 $res .= ' ';
484 $n++;
485 for (; ($n % 8) != 0; $n++) {
486 $res .= ' ';
487 }
488 next;
489 }
490 $res .= $c;
491 $n++;
492 }
493
494 return $res;
495 }
496 sub copy_spacing {
497 (my $res = shift) =~ tr/\t/ /c;
498 return $res;
499 }
500
501 sub line_stats {
502 my ($line) = @_;
503
504 # Drop the diff line leader and expand tabs
505 $line =~ s/^.//;
506 $line = expand_tabs($line);
507
508 # Pick the indent from the front of the line.
509 my ($white) = ($line =~ /^(\s*)/);
510
511 return (length($line), length($white));
512 }
513
514 my $sanitise_quote = '';
515
516 sub sanitise_line_reset {
517 my ($in_comment) = @_;
518
519 if ($in_comment) {
520 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
521 } else {
522 $sanitise_quote = '';
523 }
524 }
525 sub sanitise_line {
526 my ($line) = @_;
527
528 my $res = '';
529 my $l = '';
530
531 my $qlen = 0;
532 my $off = 0;
533 my $c;
534
535 # Always copy over the diff marker.
536 $res = substr($line, 0, 1);
537
538 for ($off = 1; $off < length($line); $off++) {
539 $c = substr($line, $off, 1);
540
541 # Comments we are wacking completely including the begin
542 # and end, all to $;.
543 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '/*') {
544 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
545
546 substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
547 $off++;
548 next;
549 }
550 if ($sanitise_quote eq '*/' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '*/') {
551 $sanitise_quote = '';
552 substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
553 $off++;
554 next;
555 }
556 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '//') {
557 $sanitise_quote = '//';
558
559 substr($res, $off, 2, $sanitise_quote);
560 $off++;
561 next;
562 }
563
564 # A \ in a string means ignore the next character.
565 if (($sanitise_quote eq "'" || $sanitise_quote eq '"') &&
566 $c eq "\\") {
567 substr($res, $off, 2, 'XX');
568 $off++;
569 next;
570 }
571 # Regular quotes.
572 if ($c eq "'" || $c eq '"') {
573 if ($sanitise_quote eq '') {
574 $sanitise_quote = $c;
575
576 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
577 next;
578 } elsif ($sanitise_quote eq $c) {
579 $sanitise_quote = '';
580 }
581 }
582
583 #print "c<$c> SQ<$sanitise_quote>\n";
584 if ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '*/' && $c ne "\t") {
585 substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
586 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '//' && $c ne "\t") {
587 substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
588 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote && $c ne "\t") {
589 substr($res, $off, 1, 'X');
590 } else {
591 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
592 }
593 }
594
595 if ($sanitise_quote eq '//') {
596 $sanitise_quote = '';
597 }
598
599 # The pathname on a #include may be surrounded by '<' and '>'.
600 if ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*include\s+\<(.*)\>/) {
601 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
602 $res =~ s@\<.*\>@<$clean>@;
603
604 # The whole of a #error is a string.
605 } elsif ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+(.*)\b/) {
606 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
607 $res =~ s@(\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+).*@$1$clean@;
608 }
609
610 return $res;
611 }
612
613 sub ctx_statement_block {
614 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
615 my $line = $linenr - 1;
616 my $blk = '';
617 my $soff = $off;
618 my $coff = $off - 1;
619 my $coff_set = 0;
620
621 my $loff = 0;
622
623 my $type = '';
624 my $level = 0;
625 my @stack = ();
626 my $p;
627 my $c;
628 my $len = 0;
629
630 my $remainder;
631 while (1) {
632 @stack = (['', 0]) if ($#stack == -1);
633
634 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> remain<$remain>\n";
635 # If we are about to drop off the end, pull in more
636 # context.
637 if ($off >= $len) {
638 for (; $remain > 0; $line++) {
639 last if (!defined $lines[$line]);
640 next if ($lines[$line] =~ /^-/);
641 $remain--;
642 $loff = $len;
643 $blk .= $lines[$line] . "\n";
644 $len = length($blk);
645 $line++;
646 last;
647 }
648 # Bail if there is no further context.
649 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> off<$off> len<$len>\n";
650 if ($off >= $len) {
651 last;
652 }
653 }
654 $p = $c;
655 $c = substr($blk, $off, 1);
656 $remainder = substr($blk, $off);
657
658 #warn "CSB: c<$c> type<$type> level<$level> remainder<$remainder> coff_set<$coff_set>\n";
659
660 # Handle nested #if/#else.
661 if ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
662 push(@stack, [ $type, $level ]);
663 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
664 ($type, $level) = @{$stack[$#stack - 1]};
665 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*endif\b/) {
666 ($type, $level) = @{pop(@stack)};
667 }
668
669 # Statement ends at the ';' or a close '}' at the
670 # outermost level.
671 if ($level == 0 && $c eq ';') {
672 last;
673 }
674
675 # An else is really a conditional as long as its not else if
676 if ($level == 0 && $coff_set == 0 &&
677 (!defined($p) || $p =~ /(?:\s|\}|\+)/) &&
678 $remainder =~ /^(else)(?:\s|{)/ &&
679 $remainder !~ /^else\s+if\b/) {
680 $coff = $off + length($1) - 1;
681 $coff_set = 1;
682 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff> soff<$soff> 1<$1>\n";
683 #warn "[" . substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1) . "]\n";
684 }
685
686 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '(') && $c eq '(') {
687 $level++;
688 $type = '(';
689 }
690 if ($type eq '(' && $c eq ')') {
691 $level--;
692 $type = ($level != 0)? '(' : '';
693
694 if ($level == 0 && $coff < $soff) {
695 $coff = $off;
696 $coff_set = 1;
697 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff>\n";
698 }
699 }
700 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '{') && $c eq '{') {
701 $level++;
702 $type = '{';
703 }
704 if ($type eq '{' && $c eq '}') {
705 $level--;
706 $type = ($level != 0)? '{' : '';
707
708 if ($level == 0) {
709 if (substr($blk, $off + 1, 1) eq ';') {
710 $off++;
711 }
712 last;
713 }
714 }
715 $off++;
716 }
717 # We are truly at the end, so shuffle to the next line.
718 if ($off == $len) {
719 $loff = $len + 1;
720 $line++;
721 $remain--;
722 }
723
724 my $statement = substr($blk, $soff, $off - $soff + 1);
725 my $condition = substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1);
726
727 #warn "STATEMENT<$statement>\n";
728 #warn "CONDITION<$condition>\n";
729
730 #print "coff<$coff> soff<$off> loff<$loff>\n";
731
732 return ($statement, $condition,
733 $line, $remain + 1, $off - $loff + 1, $level);
734 }
735
736 sub statement_lines {
737 my ($stmt) = @_;
738
739 # Strip the diff line prefixes and rip blank lines at start and end.
740 $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
741 $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
742 $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
743
744 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
745
746 return $#stmt_lines + 2;
747 }
748
749 sub statement_rawlines {
750 my ($stmt) = @_;
751
752 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
753
754 return $#stmt_lines + 2;
755 }
756
757 sub statement_block_size {
758 my ($stmt) = @_;
759
760 $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
761 $stmt =~ s/^\s*\{//;
762 $stmt =~ s/}\s*$//;
763 $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
764 $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
765
766 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
767 my @stmt_statements = ($stmt =~ /;/g);
768
769 my $stmt_lines = $#stmt_lines + 2;
770 my $stmt_statements = $#stmt_statements + 1;
771
772 if ($stmt_lines > $stmt_statements) {
773 return $stmt_lines;
774 } else {
775 return $stmt_statements;
776 }
777 }
778
779 sub ctx_statement_full {
780 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
781 my ($statement, $condition, $level);
782
783 my (@chunks);
784
785 # Grab the first conditional/block pair.
786 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
787 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
788 #print "F: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
789 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
790 if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^\s*(?:\n[+-])?\s*(?:if|else|do)\b/s)) {
791 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
792 }
793
794 # Pull in the following conditional/block pairs and see if they
795 # could continue the statement.
796 for (;;) {
797 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
798 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
799 #print "C: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
800 last if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^(?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*(?:else|do)\b/s));
801 #print "C: push\n";
802 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
803 }
804
805 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
806 }
807
808 sub ctx_block_get {
809 my ($linenr, $remain, $outer, $open, $close, $off) = @_;
810 my $line;
811 my $start = $linenr - 1;
812 my $blk = '';
813 my @o;
814 my @c;
815 my @res = ();
816
817 my $level = 0;
818 my @stack = ($level);
819 for ($line = $start; $remain > 0; $line++) {
820 next if ($rawlines[$line] =~ /^-/);
821 $remain--;
822
823 $blk .= $rawlines[$line];
824
825 # Handle nested #if/#else.
826 if ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
827 push(@stack, $level);
828 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
829 $level = $stack[$#stack - 1];
830 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*endif\b/) {
831 $level = pop(@stack);
832 }
833
834 foreach my $c (split(//, $lines[$line])) {
835 ##print "C<$c>L<$level><$open$close>O<$off>\n";
836 if ($off > 0) {
837 $off--;
838 next;
839 }
840
841 if ($c eq $close && $level > 0) {
842 $level--;
843 last if ($level == 0);
844 } elsif ($c eq $open) {
845 $level++;
846 }
847 }
848
849 if (!$outer || $level <= 1) {
850 push(@res, $rawlines[$line]);
851 }
852
853 last if ($level == 0);
854 }
855
856 return ($level, @res);
857 }
858 sub ctx_block_outer {
859 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
860
861 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 1, '{', '}', 0);
862 return @r;
863 }
864 sub ctx_block {
865 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
866
867 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
868 return @r;
869 }
870 sub ctx_statement {
871 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
872
873 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
874 return @r;
875 }
876 sub ctx_block_level {
877 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
878
879 return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
880 }
881 sub ctx_statement_level {
882 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
883
884 return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
885 }
886
887 sub ctx_locate_comment {
888 my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
889
890 # Catch a comment on the end of the line itself.
891 my ($current_comment) = ($rawlines[$end_line - 1] =~ m@.*(/\*.*\*/)\s*(?:\\\s*)?$@);
892 return $current_comment if (defined $current_comment);
893
894 # Look through the context and try and figure out if there is a
895 # comment.
896 my $in_comment = 0;
897 $current_comment = '';
898 for (my $linenr = $first_line; $linenr < $end_line; $linenr++) {
899 my $line = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
900 #warn " $line\n";
901 if ($linenr == $first_line and $line =~ m@^.\s*\*@) {
902 $in_comment = 1;
903 }
904 if ($line =~ m@/\*@) {
905 $in_comment = 1;
906 }
907 if (!$in_comment && $current_comment ne '') {
908 $current_comment = '';
909 }
910 $current_comment .= $line . "\n" if ($in_comment);
911 if ($line =~ m@\*/@) {
912 $in_comment = 0;
913 }
914 }
915
916 chomp($current_comment);
917 return($current_comment);
918 }
919 sub ctx_has_comment {
920 my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
921 my $cmt = ctx_locate_comment($first_line, $end_line);
922
923 ##print "LINE: $rawlines[$end_line - 1 ]\n";
924 ##print "CMMT: $cmt\n";
925
926 return ($cmt ne '');
927 }
928
929 sub raw_line {
930 my ($linenr, $cnt) = @_;
931
932 my $offset = $linenr - 1;
933 $cnt++;
934
935 my $line;
936 while ($cnt) {
937 $line = $rawlines[$offset++];
938 next if (defined($line) && $line =~ /^-/);
939 $cnt--;
940 }
941
942 return $line;
943 }
944
945 sub cat_vet {
946 my ($vet) = @_;
947 my ($res, $coded);
948
949 $res = '';
950 while ($vet =~ /([^[:cntrl:]]*)([[:cntrl:]]|$)/g) {
951 $res .= $1;
952 if ($2 ne '') {
953 $coded = sprintf("^%c", unpack('C', $2) + 64);
954 $res .= $coded;
955 }
956 }
957 $res =~ s/$/\$/;
958
959 return $res;
960 }
961
962 my $av_preprocessor = 0;
963 my $av_pending;
964 my @av_paren_type;
965 my $av_pend_colon;
966
967 sub annotate_reset {
968 $av_preprocessor = 0;
969 $av_pending = '_';
970 @av_paren_type = ('E');
971 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
972 }
973
974 sub annotate_values {
975 my ($stream, $type) = @_;
976
977 my $res;
978 my $var = '_' x length($stream);
979 my $cur = $stream;
980
981 print "$stream\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
982
983 while (length($cur)) {
984 @av_paren_type = ('E') if ($#av_paren_type < 0);
985 print " <" . join('', @av_paren_type) .
986 "> <$type> <$av_pending>" if ($dbg_values > 1);
987 if ($cur =~ /^(\s+)/o) {
988 print "WS($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
989 if ($1 =~ /\n/ && $av_preprocessor) {
990 $type = pop(@av_paren_type);
991 $av_preprocessor = 0;
992 }
993
994 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\(\s*$Type\s*)\)/ && $av_pending eq '_') {
995 print "CAST($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
996 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
997 $type = 'C';
998
999 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Type)\s*(?:$Ident|,|\)|\(|\s*$)/) {
1000 print "DECLARE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1001 $type = 'T';
1002
1003 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Modifier)\s*/) {
1004 print "MODIFIER($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1005 $type = 'T';
1006
1007 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*define\s*$Ident)(\(?)/o) {
1008 print "DEFINE($1,$2)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1009 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1010 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1011 if ($2 ne '') {
1012 $av_pending = 'N';
1013 }
1014 $type = 'E';
1015
1016 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:undef\s*$Ident|include\b))/o) {
1017 print "UNDEF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1018 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1019 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1020
1021 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:ifdef|ifndef|if))/o) {
1022 print "PRE_START($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1023 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1024
1025 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1026 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1027 $type = 'E';
1028
1029 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:else|elif))/o) {
1030 print "PRE_RESTART($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1031 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1032
1033 push(@av_paren_type, $av_paren_type[$#av_paren_type]);
1034
1035 $type = 'E';
1036
1037 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:endif))/o) {
1038 print "PRE_END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1039
1040 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1041
1042 # Assume all arms of the conditional end as this
1043 # one does, and continue as if the #endif was not here.
1044 pop(@av_paren_type);
1045 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1046 $type = 'E';
1047
1048 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\\\n)/o) {
1049 print "PRECONT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1050
1051 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(__attribute__)\s*\(?/o) {
1052 print "ATTR($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1053 $av_pending = $type;
1054 $type = 'N';
1055
1056 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(sizeof)\s*(\()?/o) {
1057 print "SIZEOF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1058 if (defined $2) {
1059 $av_pending = 'V';
1060 }
1061 $type = 'N';
1062
1063 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(if|while|for)\b/o) {
1064 print "COND($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1065 $av_pending = 'E';
1066 $type = 'N';
1067
1068 } elsif ($cur =~/^(case)/o) {
1069 print "CASE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1070 $av_pend_colon = 'C';
1071 $type = 'N';
1072
1073 } elsif ($cur =~/^(return|else|goto|typeof|__typeof__)\b/o) {
1074 print "KEYWORD($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1075 $type = 'N';
1076
1077 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\()/o) {
1078 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1079 push(@av_paren_type, $av_pending);
1080 $av_pending = '_';
1081 $type = 'N';
1082
1083 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\))/o) {
1084 my $new_type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1085 if ($new_type ne '_') {
1086 $type = $new_type;
1087 print "PAREN('$1') -> $type\n"
1088 if ($dbg_values > 1);
1089 } else {
1090 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1091 }
1092
1093 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident)\s*\(/o) {
1094 print "FUNC($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1095 $type = 'V';
1096 $av_pending = 'V';
1097
1098 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident\s*):(?:\s*\d+\s*(,|=|;))?/) {
1099 if (defined $2 && $type eq 'C' || $type eq 'T') {
1100 $av_pend_colon = 'B';
1101 } elsif ($type eq 'E') {
1102 $av_pend_colon = 'L';
1103 }
1104 print "IDENT_COLON($1,$type>$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1105 $type = 'V';
1106
1107 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident|$Constant)/o) {
1108 print "IDENT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1109 $type = 'V';
1110
1111 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Assignment)/o) {
1112 print "ASSIGN($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1113 $type = 'N';
1114
1115 } elsif ($cur =~/^(;|{|})/) {
1116 print "END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1117 $type = 'E';
1118 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1119
1120 } elsif ($cur =~/^(,)/) {
1121 print "COMMA($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1122 $type = 'C';
1123
1124 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\?)/o) {
1125 print "QUESTION($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1126 $type = 'N';
1127
1128 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(:)/o) {
1129 print "COLON($1,$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1130
1131 substr($var, length($res), 1, $av_pend_colon);
1132 if ($av_pend_colon eq 'C' || $av_pend_colon eq 'L') {
1133 $type = 'E';
1134 } else {
1135 $type = 'N';
1136 }
1137 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1138
1139 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\[)/o) {
1140 print "CLOSE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1141 $type = 'N';
1142
1143 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(-(?![->])|\+(?!\+)|\*|\&\&|\&)/o) {
1144 my $variant;
1145
1146 print "OPV($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1147 if ($type eq 'V') {
1148 $variant = 'B';
1149 } else {
1150 $variant = 'U';
1151 }
1152
1153 substr($var, length($res), 1, $variant);
1154 $type = 'N';
1155
1156 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Operators)/o) {
1157 print "OP($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1158 if ($1 ne '++' && $1 ne '--') {
1159 $type = 'N';
1160 }
1161
1162 } elsif ($cur =~ /(^.)/o) {
1163 print "C($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1164 }
1165 if (defined $1) {
1166 $cur = substr($cur, length($1));
1167 $res .= $type x length($1);
1168 }
1169 }
1170
1171 return ($res, $var);
1172 }
1173
1174 sub possible {
1175 my ($possible, $line) = @_;
1176 my $notPermitted = qr{(?:
1177 ^(?:
1178 $Modifier|
1179 $Storage|
1180 $Type|
1181 DEFINE_\S+
1182 )$|
1183 ^(?:
1184 goto|
1185 return|
1186 case|
1187 else|
1188 asm|__asm__|
1189 do
1190 )(?:\s|$)|
1191 ^(?:typedef|struct|enum)\b|
1192 ^\#
1193 )}x;
1194 warn "CHECK<$possible> ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 2);
1195 if ($possible !~ $notPermitted) {
1196 # Check for modifiers.
1197 $possible =~ s/\s*$Storage\s*//g;
1198 $possible =~ s/\s*$Sparse\s*//g;
1199 if ($possible =~ /^\s*$/) {
1200
1201 } elsif ($possible =~ /\s/) {
1202 $possible =~ s/\s*(?:$Type|\#\#)\s*//g;
1203 for my $modifier (split(' ', $possible)) {
1204 if ($modifier !~ $notPermitted) {
1205 warn "MODIFIER: $modifier ($possible) ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1206 push(@modifierList, $modifier);
1207 }
1208 }
1209
1210 } else {
1211 warn "POSSIBLE: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1212 push(@typeList, $possible);
1213 }
1214 build_types();
1215 } else {
1216 warn "NOTPOSS: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 1);
1217 }
1218 }
1219
1220 my $prefix = '';
1221
1222 sub report {
1223 my ($level, $msg) = @_;
1224 if (defined $tst_only && $msg !~ /\Q$tst_only\E/) {
1225 return 0;
1226 }
1227
1228 my $output = '';
1229 $output .= BOLD if $color;
1230 $output .= $prefix;
1231 $output .= RED if $color && $level eq 'ERROR';
1232 $output .= MAGENTA if $color && $level eq 'WARNING';
1233 $output .= $level . ':';
1234 $output .= RESET if $color;
1235 $output .= ' ' . $msg . "\n";
1236
1237 $output = (split('\n', $output))[0] . "\n" if ($terse);
1238
1239 push(our @report, $output);
1240
1241 return 1;
1242 }
1243 sub report_dump {
1244 our @report;
1245 }
1246 sub ERROR {
1247 if (report("ERROR", $_[0])) {
1248 our $clean = 0;
1249 our $cnt_error++;
1250 }
1251 }
1252 sub WARN {
1253 if (report("WARNING", $_[0])) {
1254 our $clean = 0;
1255 our $cnt_warn++;
1256 }
1257 }
1258
1259 sub process {
1260 my $filename = shift;
1261
1262 my $linenr=0;
1263 my $prevline="";
1264 my $prevrawline="";
1265 my $stashline="";
1266 my $stashrawline="";
1267
1268 my $length;
1269 my $indent;
1270 my $previndent=0;
1271 my $stashindent=0;
1272
1273 our $clean = 1;
1274 my $signoff = 0;
1275 my $is_patch = 0;
1276
1277 my $in_header_lines = $file ? 0 : 1;
1278 my $in_commit_log = 0; #Scanning lines before patch
1279 my $reported_maintainer_file = 0;
1280 my $non_utf8_charset = 0;
1281
1282 our @report = ();
1283 our $cnt_lines = 0;
1284 our $cnt_error = 0;
1285 our $cnt_warn = 0;
1286 our $cnt_chk = 0;
1287
1288 # Trace the real file/line as we go.
1289 my $realfile = '';
1290 my $realline = 0;
1291 my $realcnt = 0;
1292 my $here = '';
1293 my $in_comment = 0;
1294 my $comment_edge = 0;
1295 my $first_line = 0;
1296 my $p1_prefix = '';
1297
1298 my $prev_values = 'E';
1299
1300 # suppression flags
1301 my %suppress_ifbraces;
1302 my %suppress_whiletrailers;
1303 my %suppress_export;
1304
1305 # Pre-scan the patch sanitizing the lines.
1306
1307 sanitise_line_reset();
1308 my $line;
1309 foreach my $rawline (@rawlines) {
1310 $linenr++;
1311 $line = $rawline;
1312
1313 if ($rawline=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1314 $realline=$1-1;
1315 if (defined $2) {
1316 $realcnt=$3+1;
1317 } else {
1318 $realcnt=1+1;
1319 }
1320 $in_comment = 0;
1321
1322 # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment. Run
1323 # the context looking for a comment "edge". If this
1324 # edge is a close comment then we must be in a comment
1325 # at context start.
1326 my $edge;
1327 my $cnt = $realcnt;
1328 for (my $ln = $linenr + 1; $cnt > 0; $ln++) {
1329 next if (defined $rawlines[$ln - 1] &&
1330 $rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ /^-/);
1331 $cnt--;
1332 #print "RAW<$rawlines[$ln - 1]>\n";
1333 last if (!defined $rawlines[$ln - 1]);
1334 if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ m@(/\*|\*/)@ &&
1335 $rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m@"[^"]*(?:/\*|\*/)[^"]*"@) {
1336 ($edge) = $1;
1337 last;
1338 }
1339 }
1340 if (defined $edge && $edge eq '*/') {
1341 $in_comment = 1;
1342 }
1343
1344 # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment. If this
1345 # is the start of a diff block and this line starts
1346 # ' *' then it is very likely a comment.
1347 if (!defined $edge &&
1348 $rawlines[$linenr] =~ m@^.\s*(?:\*\*+| \*)(?:\s|$)@)
1349 {
1350 $in_comment = 1;
1351 }
1352
1353 ##print "COMMENT:$in_comment edge<$edge> $rawline\n";
1354 sanitise_line_reset($in_comment);
1355
1356 } elsif ($realcnt && $rawline =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/) {
1357 # Standardise the strings and chars within the input to
1358 # simplify matching -- only bother with positive lines.
1359 $line = sanitise_line($rawline);
1360 }
1361 push(@lines, $line);
1362
1363 if ($realcnt > 1) {
1364 $realcnt-- if ($line =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/);
1365 } else {
1366 $realcnt = 0;
1367 }
1368
1369 #print "==>$rawline\n";
1370 #print "-->$line\n";
1371 }
1372
1373 $prefix = '';
1374
1375 $realcnt = 0;
1376 $linenr = 0;
1377 foreach my $line (@lines) {
1378 $linenr++;
1379
1380 my $rawline = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
1381
1382 #extract the line range in the file after the patch is applied
1383 if ($line=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1384 $is_patch = 1;
1385 $first_line = $linenr + 1;
1386 $realline=$1-1;
1387 if (defined $2) {
1388 $realcnt=$3+1;
1389 } else {
1390 $realcnt=1+1;
1391 }
1392 annotate_reset();
1393 $prev_values = 'E';
1394
1395 %suppress_ifbraces = ();
1396 %suppress_whiletrailers = ();
1397 %suppress_export = ();
1398 next;
1399
1400 # track the line number as we move through the hunk, note that
1401 # new versions of GNU diff omit the leading space on completely
1402 # blank context lines so we need to count that too.
1403 } elsif ($line =~ /^( |\+|$)/) {
1404 $realline++;
1405 $realcnt-- if ($realcnt != 0);
1406
1407 # Measure the line length and indent.
1408 ($length, $indent) = line_stats($rawline);
1409
1410 # Track the previous line.
1411 ($prevline, $stashline) = ($stashline, $line);
1412 ($previndent, $stashindent) = ($stashindent, $indent);
1413 ($prevrawline, $stashrawline) = ($stashrawline, $rawline);
1414
1415 #warn "line<$line>\n";
1416
1417 } elsif ($realcnt == 1) {
1418 $realcnt--;
1419 }
1420
1421 my $hunk_line = ($realcnt != 0);
1422
1423 #make up the handle for any error we report on this line
1424 $prefix = "$filename:$realline: " if ($emacs && $file);
1425 $prefix = "$filename:$linenr: " if ($emacs && !$file);
1426
1427 $here = "#$linenr: " if (!$file);
1428 $here = "#$realline: " if ($file);
1429
1430 # extract the filename as it passes
1431 if ($line =~ /^diff --git.*?(\S+)$/) {
1432 $realfile = $1;
1433 $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@ if (!$file);
1434 } elsif ($line =~ /^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1435 $realfile = $1;
1436 $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@ if (!$file);
1437
1438 $p1_prefix = $1;
1439 if (!$file && $tree && $p1_prefix ne '' &&
1440 -e "$root/$p1_prefix") {
1441 WARN("patch prefix '$p1_prefix' exists, appears to be a -p0 patch\n");
1442 }
1443
1444 next;
1445 }
1446
1447 $here .= "FILE: $realfile:$realline:" if ($realcnt != 0);
1448
1449 my $hereline = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1450 my $herecurr = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1451 my $hereprev = "$here\n$prevrawline\n$rawline\n";
1452
1453 $cnt_lines++ if ($realcnt != 0);
1454
1455 # Check for incorrect file permissions
1456 if ($line =~ /^new (file )?mode.*[7531]\d{0,2}$/) {
1457 my $permhere = $here . "FILE: $realfile\n";
1458 if ($realfile =~ /(\bMakefile(?:\.objs)?|\.c|\.cc|\.cpp|\.h|\.mak|\.[sS])$/) {
1459 ERROR("do not set execute permissions for source files\n" . $permhere);
1460 }
1461 }
1462
1463 # Only allow Python 3 interpreter
1464 if ($realline == 1 &&
1465 $line =~ /^\+#!\ *\/usr\/bin\/(?:env )?python$/) {
1466 ERROR("please use python3 interpreter\n" . $herecurr);
1467 }
1468
1469 # Accept git diff extended headers as valid patches
1470 if ($line =~ /^(?:rename|copy) (?:from|to) [\w\/\.\-]+\s*$/) {
1471 $is_patch = 1;
1472 }
1473
1474 if ($line =~ /^Author: .*via Qemu-devel.*<qemu-devel\@nongnu.org>/) {
1475 ERROR("Author email address is mangled by the mailing list\n" . $herecurr);
1476 }
1477
1478 #check the patch for a signoff:
1479 if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:/i) {
1480 # This is a signoff, if ugly, so do not double report.
1481 $signoff++;
1482 $in_commit_log = 0;
1483
1484 if (!($line =~ /^\s*Signed-off-by:/)) {
1485 ERROR("The correct form is \"Signed-off-by\"\n" .
1486 $herecurr);
1487 }
1488 if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:\S/i) {
1489 ERROR("space required after Signed-off-by:\n" .
1490 $herecurr);
1491 }
1492 }
1493
1494 # Check if MAINTAINERS is being updated. If so, there's probably no need to
1495 # emit the "does MAINTAINERS need updating?" message on file add/move/delete
1496 if ($line =~ /^\s*MAINTAINERS\s*\|/) {
1497 $reported_maintainer_file = 1;
1498 }
1499
1500 # Check for added, moved or deleted files
1501 if (!$reported_maintainer_file && !$in_commit_log &&
1502 ($line =~ /^(?:new|deleted) file mode\s*\d+\s*$/ ||
1503 $line =~ /^rename (?:from|to) [\w\/\.\-]+\s*$/ ||
1504 ($line =~ /\{\s*([\w\/\.\-]*)\s*\=\>\s*([\w\/\.\-]*)\s*\}/ &&
1505 (defined($1) || defined($2))))) {
1506 $reported_maintainer_file = 1;
1507 WARN("added, moved or deleted file(s), does MAINTAINERS need updating?\n" . $herecurr);
1508 }
1509
1510 # Check for wrappage within a valid hunk of the file
1511 if ($realcnt != 0 && $line !~ m{^(?:\+|-| |\\ No newline|$)}) {
1512 ERROR("patch seems to be corrupt (line wrapped?)\n" .
1513 $herecurr) if (!$emitted_corrupt++);
1514 }
1515
1516 # UTF-8 regex found at http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8.en.php
1517 if (($realfile =~ /^$/ || $line =~ /^\+/) &&
1518 $rawline !~ m/^$UTF8*$/) {
1519 my ($utf8_prefix) = ($rawline =~ /^($UTF8*)/);
1520
1521 my $blank = copy_spacing($rawline);
1522 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, length($utf8_prefix)) . "^";
1523 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
1524
1525 ERROR("Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8\n" . $hereptr);
1526 }
1527
1528 if ($rawline =~ m/$UTF8_MOJIBAKE/) {
1529 ERROR("Doubly-encoded UTF-8\n" . $herecurr);
1530 }
1531 # Check if it's the start of a commit log
1532 # (not a header line and we haven't seen the patch filename)
1533 if ($in_header_lines && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1534 !($rawline =~ /^\s+\S/ ||
1535 $rawline =~ /^(commit\b|from\b|[\w-]+:).*$/i)) {
1536 $in_header_lines = 0;
1537 $in_commit_log = 1;
1538 }
1539
1540 # Check if there is UTF-8 in a commit log when a mail header has explicitly
1541 # declined it, i.e defined some charset where it is missing.
1542 if ($in_header_lines &&
1543 $rawline =~ /^Content-Type:.+charset="(.+)".*$/ &&
1544 $1 !~ /utf-8/i) {
1545 $non_utf8_charset = 1;
1546 }
1547
1548 if ($in_commit_log && $non_utf8_charset && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1549 $rawline =~ /$NON_ASCII_UTF8/) {
1550 WARN("8-bit UTF-8 used in possible commit log\n" . $herecurr);
1551 }
1552
1553 # ignore non-hunk lines and lines being removed
1554 next if (!$hunk_line || $line =~ /^-/);
1555
1556 # ignore files that are being periodically imported from Linux
1557 next if ($realfile =~ /^(linux-headers|include\/standard-headers)\//);
1558
1559 #trailing whitespace
1560 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\015/) {
1561 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1562 ERROR("DOS line endings\n" . $herevet);
1563
1564 } elsif ($realfile =~ /^docs\/.+\.txt/ ||
1565 $realfile =~ /^docs\/.+\.md/) {
1566 if ($rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/ && $rawline !~ /^\+ {4}$/) {
1567 # TODO: properly check we're in a code block
1568 # (surrounding text is 4-column aligned)
1569 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1570 ERROR("code blocks in documentation should have " .
1571 "empty lines with exactly 4 columns of " .
1572 "whitespace\n" . $herevet);
1573 }
1574 } elsif ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\S\s+$/ || $rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/) {
1575 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1576 ERROR("trailing whitespace\n" . $herevet);
1577 $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1578 }
1579
1580 # checks for trace-events files
1581 if ($realfile =~ /trace-events$/ && $line =~ /^\+/) {
1582 if ($rawline =~ /%[-+ 0]*#/) {
1583 ERROR("Don't use '#' flag of printf format ('%#') in " .
1584 "trace-events, use '0x' prefix instead\n" . $herecurr);
1585 } else {
1586 my $hex =
1587 qr/%[-+ *.0-9]*([hljztL]|ll|hh)?(x|X|"\s*PRI[xX][^"]*"?)/;
1588
1589 # don't consider groups splitted by [.:/ ], like 2A.20:12ab
1590 my $tmpline = $rawline;
1591 $tmpline =~ s/($hex[.:\/ ])+$hex//g;
1592
1593 if ($tmpline =~ /(?<!0x)$hex/) {
1594 ERROR("Hex numbers must be prefixed with '0x'\n" .
1595 $herecurr);
1596 }
1597 }
1598 }
1599
1600 # check we are in a valid source file if not then ignore this hunk
1601 next if ($realfile !~ /$SrcFile/);
1602
1603 #90 column limit; exempt URLs, if no other words on line
1604 if ($line =~ /^\+/ &&
1605 !($line =~ /^\+\s*"[^"]*"\s*(?:\s*|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/) &&
1606 !($rawline =~ /^[^[:alnum:]]*https?:\S*$/) &&
1607 $length > 80)
1608 {
1609 if ($length > 90) {
1610 ERROR("line over 90 characters\n" . $herecurr);
1611 } else {
1612 WARN("line over 80 characters\n" . $herecurr);
1613 }
1614 }
1615
1616 # check for spaces before a quoted newline
1617 if ($rawline =~ /^.*\".*\s\\n/) {
1618 ERROR("unnecessary whitespace before a quoted newline\n" . $herecurr);
1619 }
1620
1621 # check for adding lines without a newline.
1622 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && defined $lines[$linenr] && $lines[$linenr] =~ /^\\ No newline at end of file/) {
1623 ERROR("adding a line without newline at end of file\n" . $herecurr);
1624 }
1625
1626 # check for RCS/CVS revision markers
1627 if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\$(Revision|Log|Id)(?:\$|\b)/) {
1628 ERROR("CVS style keyword markers, these will _not_ be updated\n". $herecurr);
1629 }
1630
1631 # tabs are only allowed in assembly source code, and in
1632 # some scripts we imported from other projects.
1633 next if ($realfile =~ /\.(s|S)$/);
1634 next if ($realfile =~ /(checkpatch|get_maintainer|texi2pod)\.pl$/);
1635
1636 if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\t/) {
1637 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1638 ERROR("code indent should never use tabs\n" . $herevet);
1639 $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1640 }
1641
1642 # check we are in a valid C source file if not then ignore this hunk
1643 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|cpp)$/);
1644
1645 # Block comment styles
1646
1647 # Block comments use /* on a line of its own
1648 if ($rawline !~ m@^\+.*/\*.*\*/[ \t)}]*$@ && #inline /*...*/
1649 $rawline =~ m@^\+.*/\*\*?+[ \t]*[^ \t]@) { # /* or /** non-blank
1650 WARN("Block comments use a leading /* on a separate line\n" . $herecurr);
1651 }
1652
1653 # Block comments use * on subsequent lines
1654 if ($prevline =~ /$;[ \t]*$/ && #ends in comment
1655 $prevrawline =~ /^\+.*?\/\*/ && #starting /*
1656 $prevrawline !~ /\*\/[ \t]*$/ && #no trailing */
1657 $rawline =~ /^\+/ && #line is new
1658 $rawline !~ /^\+[ \t]*\*/) { #no leading *
1659 WARN("Block comments use * on subsequent lines\n" . $hereprev);
1660 }
1661
1662 # Block comments use */ on trailing lines
1663 if ($rawline !~ m@^\+[ \t]*\*/[ \t]*$@ && #trailing */
1664 $rawline !~ m@^\+.*/\*.*\*/[ \t]*$@ && #inline /*...*/
1665 $rawline !~ m@^\+.*\*{2,}/[ \t]*$@ && #trailing **/
1666 $rawline =~ m@^\+[ \t]*.+\*\/[ \t]*$@) { #non blank */
1667 WARN("Block comments use a trailing */ on a separate line\n" . $herecurr);
1668 }
1669
1670 # Block comment * alignment
1671 if ($prevline =~ /$;[ \t]*$/ && #ends in comment
1672 $line =~ /^\+[ \t]*$;/ && #leading comment
1673 $rawline =~ /^\+[ \t]*\*/ && #leading *
1674 (($prevrawline =~ /^\+.*?\/\*/ && #leading /*
1675 $prevrawline !~ /\*\/[ \t]*$/) || #no trailing */
1676 $prevrawline =~ /^\+[ \t]*\*/)) { #leading *
1677 my $oldindent;
1678 $prevrawline =~ m@^\+([ \t]*/?)\*@;
1679 if (defined($1)) {
1680 $oldindent = expand_tabs($1);
1681 } else {
1682 $prevrawline =~ m@^\+(.*/?)\*@;
1683 $oldindent = expand_tabs($1);
1684 }
1685 $rawline =~ m@^\+([ \t]*)\*@;
1686 my $newindent = $1;
1687 $newindent = expand_tabs($newindent);
1688 if (length($oldindent) ne length($newindent)) {
1689 WARN("Block comments should align the * on each line\n" . $hereprev);
1690 }
1691 }
1692
1693 # Check for potential 'bare' types
1694 my ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next,
1695 $realline_next);
1696 if ($realcnt && $line =~ /.\s*\S/) {
1697 ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
1698 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1699 $stat =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1700 $cond =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1701
1702 # Find the real next line.
1703 $realline_next = $line_nr_next;
1704 if (defined $realline_next &&
1705 (!defined $lines[$realline_next - 1] ||
1706 substr($lines[$realline_next - 1], $off_next) =~ /^\s*$/)) {
1707 $realline_next++;
1708 }
1709
1710 my $s = $stat;
1711 $s =~ s/{.*$//s;
1712
1713 # Ignore goto labels.
1714 if ($s =~ /$Ident:\*$/s) {
1715
1716 # Ignore functions being called
1717 } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*$Ident\s*\(/s) {
1718
1719 } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*else\b/s) {
1720
1721 # declarations always start with types
1722 } elsif ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^.\s*(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?((?:\s*$Ident)+?)\b(?:\s+$Sparse)?\s*\**\s*(?:$Ident|\(\*[^\)]*\))(?:\s*$Modifier)?\s*(?:;|=|,|\()/s) {
1723 my $type = $1;
1724 $type =~ s/\s+/ /g;
1725 possible($type, "A:" . $s);
1726
1727 # definitions in global scope can only start with types
1728 } elsif ($s =~ /^.(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?($Ident)\b\s*(?!:)/s) {
1729 possible($1, "B:" . $s);
1730 }
1731
1732 # any (foo ... *) is a pointer cast, and foo is a type
1733 while ($s =~ /\(($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*[\s\*]+\s*\)/sg) {
1734 possible($1, "C:" . $s);
1735 }
1736
1737 # Check for any sort of function declaration.
1738 # int foo(something bar, other baz);
1739 # void (*store_gdt)(x86_descr_ptr *);
1740 if ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^(.(?:typedef\s*)?(?:(?:$Storage|$Inline)\s*)*\s*$Type\s*(?:\b$Ident|\(\*\s*$Ident\))\s*)\(/s) {
1741 my ($name_len) = length($1);
1742
1743 my $ctx = $s;
1744 substr($ctx, 0, $name_len + 1, '');
1745 $ctx =~ s/\)[^\)]*$//;
1746
1747 for my $arg (split(/\s*,\s*/, $ctx)) {
1748 if ($arg =~ /^(?:const\s+)?($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*\s*\**\s*(:?\b$Ident)?$/s || $arg =~ /^($Ident)$/s) {
1749
1750 possible($1, "D:" . $s);
1751 }
1752 }
1753 }
1754
1755 }
1756
1757 #
1758 # Checks which may be anchored in the context.
1759 #
1760
1761 # Check for switch () and associated case and default
1762 # statements should be at the same indent.
1763 if ($line=~/\bswitch\s*\(.*\)/) {
1764 my $err = '';
1765 my $sep = '';
1766 my @ctx = ctx_block_outer($linenr, $realcnt);
1767 shift(@ctx);
1768 for my $ctx (@ctx) {
1769 my ($clen, $cindent) = line_stats($ctx);
1770 if ($ctx =~ /^\+\s*(case\s+|default:)/ &&
1771 $indent != $cindent) {
1772 $err .= "$sep$ctx\n";
1773 $sep = '';
1774 } else {
1775 $sep = "[...]\n";
1776 }
1777 }
1778 if ($err ne '') {
1779 ERROR("switch and case should be at the same indent\n$hereline$err");
1780 }
1781 }
1782
1783 # if/while/etc brace do not go on next line, unless defining a do while loop,
1784 # or if that brace on the next line is for something else
1785 if ($line =~ /(.*)\b((?:if|while|for|switch)\s*\(|do\b|else\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\#/) {
1786 my $pre_ctx = "$1$2";
1787
1788 my ($level, @ctx) = ctx_statement_level($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1789 my $ctx_cnt = $realcnt - $#ctx - 1;
1790 my $ctx = join("\n", @ctx);
1791
1792 my $ctx_ln = $linenr;
1793 my $ctx_skip = $realcnt;
1794
1795 while ($ctx_skip > $ctx_cnt || ($ctx_skip == $ctx_cnt &&
1796 defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] &&
1797 $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^-/)) {
1798 ##print "SKIP<$ctx_skip> CNT<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1799 $ctx_skip-- if (!defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] || $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1800 $ctx_ln++;
1801 }
1802
1803 #print "realcnt<$realcnt> ctx_cnt<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1804 #print "pre<$pre_ctx>\nline<$line>\nctx<$ctx>\nnext<$lines[$ctx_ln - 1]>\n";
1805
1806 # The length of the "previous line" is checked against 80 because it
1807 # includes the + at the beginning of the line (if the actual line has
1808 # 79 or 80 characters, it is no longer possible to add a space and an
1809 # opening brace there)
1810 if ($#ctx == 0 && $ctx !~ /{\s*/ &&
1811 defined($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]) && $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^\+\s*\{/ &&
1812 defined($lines[$ctx_ln - 2]) && length($lines[$ctx_ln - 2]) < 80) {
1813 ERROR("that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" .
1814 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1815 }
1816 if ($level == 0 && $pre_ctx !~ /}\s*while\s*\($/ &&
1817 $ctx =~ /\)\s*\;\s*$/ &&
1818 defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1])
1819 {
1820 my ($nlength, $nindent) = line_stats($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]);
1821 if ($nindent > $indent) {
1822 ERROR("trailing semicolon indicates no statements, indent implies otherwise\n" .
1823 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1824 }
1825 }
1826 }
1827
1828 # 'do ... while (0/false)' only makes sense in macros, without trailing ';'
1829 if ($line =~ /while\s*\((0|false)\);/) {
1830 ERROR("suspicious ; after while (0)\n" . $herecurr);
1831 }
1832
1833 # Check superfluous trailing ';'
1834 if ($line =~ /;;$/) {
1835 ERROR("superfluous trailing semicolon\n" . $herecurr);
1836 }
1837
1838 # Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
1839 if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
1840 my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
1841
1842 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
1843
1844 # Make sure we remove the line prefixes as we have
1845 # none on the first line, and are going to readd them
1846 # where necessary.
1847 $s =~ s/\n./\n/gs;
1848
1849 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
1850 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
1851 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
1852
1853 # We want to check the first line inside the block
1854 # starting at the end of the conditional, so remove:
1855 # 1) any blank line termination
1856 # 2) any opening brace { on end of the line
1857 # 3) any do (...) {
1858 my $continuation = 0;
1859 my $check = 0;
1860 $s =~ s/^.*\bdo\b//;
1861 $s =~ s/^\s*\{//;
1862 if ($s =~ s/^\s*\\//) {
1863 $continuation = 1;
1864 }
1865 if ($s =~ s/^\s*?\n//) {
1866 $check = 1;
1867 $cond_lines++;
1868 }
1869
1870 # Also ignore a loop construct at the end of a
1871 # preprocessor statement.
1872 if (($prevline =~ /^.\s*#\s*define\s/ ||
1873 $prevline =~ /\\\s*$/) && $continuation == 0) {
1874 $check = 0;
1875 }
1876
1877 my $cond_ptr = -1;
1878 $continuation = 0;
1879 while ($cond_ptr != $cond_lines) {
1880 $cond_ptr = $cond_lines;
1881
1882 # If we see an #else/#elif then the code
1883 # is not linear.
1884 if ($s =~ /^\s*\#\s*(?:else|elif)/) {
1885 $check = 0;
1886 }
1887
1888 # Ignore:
1889 # 1) blank lines, they should be at 0,
1890 # 2) preprocessor lines, and
1891 # 3) labels.
1892 if ($continuation ||
1893 $s =~ /^\s*?\n/ ||
1894 $s =~ /^\s*#\s*?/ ||
1895 $s =~ /^\s*$Ident\s*:/) {
1896 $continuation = ($s =~ /^.*?\\\n/) ? 1 : 0;
1897 if ($s =~ s/^.*?\n//) {
1898 $cond_lines++;
1899 }
1900 }
1901 }
1902
1903 my (undef, $sindent) = line_stats("+" . $s);
1904 my $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines);
1905
1906 # Check if either of these lines are modified, else
1907 # this is not this patch's fault.
1908 if (!defined($stat_real) ||
1909 $stat !~ /^\+/ && $stat_real !~ /^\+/) {
1910 $check = 0;
1911 }
1912 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
1913 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
1914 }
1915
1916 #print "line<$line> prevline<$prevline> indent<$indent> sindent<$sindent> check<$check> continuation<$continuation> s<$s> cond_lines<$cond_lines> stat_real<$stat_real> stat<$stat>\n";
1917
1918 if ($check && (($sindent % 4) != 0 ||
1919 ($sindent <= $indent && $s ne ''))) {
1920 ERROR("suspect code indent for conditional statements ($indent, $sindent)\n" . $herecurr . "$stat_real\n");
1921 }
1922 }
1923
1924 # Track the 'values' across context and added lines.
1925 my $opline = $line; $opline =~ s/^./ /;
1926 my ($curr_values, $curr_vars) =
1927 annotate_values($opline . "\n", $prev_values);
1928 $curr_values = $prev_values . $curr_values;
1929 if ($dbg_values) {
1930 my $outline = $opline; $outline =~ s/\t/ /g;
1931 print "$linenr > .$outline\n";
1932 print "$linenr > $curr_values\n";
1933 print "$linenr > $curr_vars\n";
1934 }
1935 $prev_values = substr($curr_values, -1);
1936
1937 #ignore lines not being added
1938 if ($line=~/^[^\+]/) {next;}
1939
1940 # TEST: allow direct testing of the type matcher.
1941 if ($dbg_type) {
1942 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Declare\s*$/) {
1943 ERROR("TEST: is type\n" . $herecurr);
1944 } elsif ($dbg_type > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Declare)/) {
1945 ERROR("TEST: is not type ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
1946 }
1947 next;
1948 }
1949 # TEST: allow direct testing of the attribute matcher.
1950 if ($dbg_attr) {
1951 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Modifier\s*$/) {
1952 ERROR("TEST: is attr\n" . $herecurr);
1953 } elsif ($dbg_attr > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Modifier)/) {
1954 ERROR("TEST: is not attr ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
1955 }
1956 next;
1957 }
1958
1959 # check for initialisation to aggregates open brace on the next line
1960 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\{/ &&
1961 $prevline =~ /(?:^|[^=])=\s*$/) {
1962 ERROR("that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
1963 }
1964
1965 #
1966 # Checks which are anchored on the added line.
1967 #
1968
1969 # check for malformed paths in #include statements (uses RAW line)
1970 if ($rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s+[<"](.*)[">]}) {
1971 my $path = $1;
1972 if ($path =~ m{//}) {
1973 ERROR("malformed #include filename\n" .
1974 $herecurr);
1975 }
1976 }
1977
1978 # no C99 // comments
1979 if ($line =~ m{//} &&
1980 $rawline !~ m{// SPDX-License-Identifier: }) {
1981 ERROR("do not use C99 // comments\n" . $herecurr);
1982 }
1983 # Remove C99 comments.
1984 $line =~ s@//.*@@;
1985 $opline =~ s@//.*@@;
1986
1987 # check for global initialisers.
1988 if ($line =~ /^.$Type\s*$Ident\s*(?:\s+$Modifier)*\s*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
1989 ERROR("do not initialise globals to 0 or NULL\n" .
1990 $herecurr);
1991 }
1992 # check for static initialisers.
1993 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s.*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
1994 ERROR("do not initialise statics to 0 or NULL\n" .
1995 $herecurr);
1996 }
1997
1998 # * goes on variable not on type
1999 # (char*[ const])
2000 if ($line =~ m{\($NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)\)}) {
2001 my ($from, $to) = ($1, $1);
2002
2003 # Should start with a space.
2004 $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2005 # Should not end with a space.
2006 $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2007 # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2008 while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2009 }
2010
2011 #print "from<$from> to<$to>\n";
2012 if ($from ne $to) {
2013 ERROR("\"(foo$from)\" should be \"(foo$to)\"\n" . $herecurr);
2014 }
2015 } elsif ($line =~ m{\b$NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)($Ident)}) {
2016 my ($from, $to, $ident) = ($1, $1, $2);
2017
2018 # Should start with a space.
2019 $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2020 # Should not end with a space.
2021 $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2022 # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2023 while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2024 }
2025 # Modifiers should have spaces.
2026 $to =~ s/(\b$Modifier$)/$1 /;
2027
2028 #print "from<$from> to<$to> ident<$ident>\n";
2029 if ($from ne $to && $ident !~ /^$Modifier$/) {
2030 ERROR("\"foo${from}bar\" should be \"foo${to}bar\"\n" . $herecurr);
2031 }
2032 }
2033
2034 # function brace can't be on same line, except for #defines of do while,
2035 # or if closed on same line
2036 if (($line=~/$Type\s*$Ident\(.*\).*\s\{/) and
2037 !($line=~/\#\s*define.*do\s\{/) and !($line=~/}/)) {
2038 ERROR("open brace '{' following function declarations go on the next line\n" . $herecurr);
2039 }
2040
2041 # open braces for enum, union and struct go on the same line.
2042 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\{/ &&
2043 $prevline =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?\s*$/) {
2044 ERROR("open brace '{' following $1 go on the same line\n" . $hereprev);
2045 }
2046
2047 # missing space after union, struct or enum definition
2048 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?(?:\s+$Ident)?[=\{]/) {
2049 ERROR("missing space after $1 definition\n" . $herecurr);
2050 }
2051
2052 # check for spacing round square brackets; allowed:
2053 # 1. with a type on the left -- int [] a;
2054 # 2. at the beginning of a line for slice initialisers -- [0...10] = 5,
2055 # 3. inside a curly brace -- = { [0...10] = 5 }
2056 # 4. after a comma -- [1] = 5, [2] = 6
2057 # 5. in a macro definition -- #define abc(x) [x] = y
2058 while ($line =~ /(.*?\s)\[/g) {
2059 my ($where, $prefix) = ($-[1], $1);
2060 if ($prefix !~ /$Type\s+$/ &&
2061 ($where != 0 || $prefix !~ /^.\s+$/) &&
2062 $prefix !~ /\#\s*define[^(]*\([^)]*\)\s+$/ &&
2063 $prefix !~ /[,{:]\s+$/) {
2064 ERROR("space prohibited before open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2065 }
2066 }
2067
2068 # check for spaces between functions and their parentheses.
2069 while ($line =~ /($Ident)\s+\(/g) {
2070 my $name = $1;
2071 my $ctx_before = substr($line, 0, $-[1]);
2072 my $ctx = "$ctx_before$name";
2073
2074 # Ignore those directives where spaces _are_ permitted.
2075 if ($name =~ /^(?:
2076 if|for|while|switch|return|case|
2077 volatile|__volatile__|coroutine_fn|
2078 __attribute__|format|__extension__|
2079 asm|__asm__)$/x)
2080 {
2081
2082 # Ignore 'catch (...)' in C++
2083 } elsif ($name =~ /^catch$/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {
2084
2085 # cpp #define statements have non-optional spaces, ie
2086 # if there is a space between the name and the open
2087 # parenthesis it is simply not a parameter group.
2088 } elsif ($ctx_before =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$/) {
2089
2090 # cpp #elif statement condition may start with a (
2091 } elsif ($ctx =~ /^.\s*\#\s*elif\s*$/) {
2092
2093 # If this whole things ends with a type its most
2094 # likely a typedef for a function.
2095 } elsif ($ctx =~ /$Type$/) {
2096
2097 } else {
2098 ERROR("space prohibited between function name and open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2099 }
2100 }
2101 # Check operator spacing.
2102 if (!($line=~/\#\s*include/)) {
2103 my $ops = qr{
2104 <<=|>>=|<=|>=|==|!=|
2105 \+=|-=|\*=|\/=|%=|\^=|\|=|&=|
2106 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|=|!|~|
2107 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%|
2108 \?|::|:
2109 }x;
2110 my @elements = split(/($ops|;)/, $opline);
2111 my $off = 0;
2112
2113 my $blank = copy_spacing($opline);
2114
2115 for (my $n = 0; $n < $#elements; $n += 2) {
2116 $off += length($elements[$n]);
2117
2118 # Pick up the preceding and succeeding characters.
2119 my $ca = substr($opline, 0, $off);
2120 my $cc = '';
2121 if (length($opline) >= ($off + length($elements[$n + 1]))) {
2122 $cc = substr($opline, $off + length($elements[$n + 1]));
2123 }
2124 my $cb = "$ca$;$cc";
2125
2126 my $a = '';
2127 $a = 'V' if ($elements[$n] ne '');
2128 $a = 'W' if ($elements[$n] =~ /\s$/);
2129 $a = 'C' if ($elements[$n] =~ /$;$/);
2130 $a = 'B' if ($elements[$n] =~ /(\[|\()$/);
2131 $a = 'O' if ($elements[$n] eq '');
2132 $a = 'E' if ($ca =~ /^\s*$/);
2133
2134 my $op = $elements[$n + 1];
2135
2136 my $c = '';
2137 if (defined $elements[$n + 2]) {
2138 $c = 'V' if ($elements[$n + 2] ne '');
2139 $c = 'W' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s/);
2140 $c = 'C' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^$;/);
2141 $c = 'B' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^(\)|\]|;)/);
2142 $c = 'O' if ($elements[$n + 2] eq '');
2143 $c = 'E' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s*\\$/);
2144 } else {
2145 $c = 'E';
2146 }
2147
2148 my $ctx = "${a}x${c}";
2149
2150 my $at = "(ctx:$ctx)";
2151
2152 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, $off) . "^";
2153 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
2154
2155 # Pull out the value of this operator.
2156 my $op_type = substr($curr_values, $off + 1, 1);
2157
2158 # Get the full operator variant.
2159 my $opv = $op . substr($curr_vars, $off, 1);
2160
2161 # Ignore operators passed as parameters.
2162 if ($op_type ne 'V' &&
2163 $ca =~ /\s$/ && $cc =~ /^\s*,/) {
2164
2165 # # Ignore comments
2166 # } elsif ($op =~ /^$;+$/) {
2167
2168 # ; should have either the end of line or a space or \ after it
2169 } elsif ($op eq ';') {
2170 if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEBC]/ &&
2171 $cc !~ /^\\/ && $cc !~ /^;/) {
2172 ERROR("space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2173 }
2174
2175 # // is a comment
2176 } elsif ($op eq '//') {
2177
2178 # Ignore : used in class declaration in C++
2179 } elsif ($opv eq ':B' && $ctx =~ /Wx[WE]/ &&
2180 $line =~ /class/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {
2181
2182 # No spaces for:
2183 # ->
2184 # : when part of a bitfield
2185 } elsif ($op eq '->' || $opv eq ':B') {
2186 if ($ctx =~ /Wx.|.xW/) {
2187 ERROR("spaces prohibited around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2188 }
2189
2190 # , must have a space on the right.
2191 # not required when having a single },{ on one line
2192 } elsif ($op eq ',') {
2193 if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEC]/ && $cc !~ /^}/ &&
2194 ($elements[$n] . $elements[$n + 2]) !~ " *}\\{") {
2195 ERROR("space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2196 }
2197
2198 # '*' as part of a type definition -- reported already.
2199 } elsif ($opv eq '*_') {
2200 #warn "'*' is part of type\n";
2201
2202 # unary operators should have a space before and
2203 # none after. May be left adjacent to another
2204 # unary operator, or a cast
2205 } elsif ($op eq '!' || $op eq '~' ||
2206 $opv eq '*U' || $opv eq '-U' ||
2207 $opv eq '&U' || $opv eq '&&U') {
2208 if ($op eq '~' && $ca =~ /::$/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {
2209 # '~' used as a name of Destructor
2210
2211 } elsif ($ctx !~ /[WEBC]x./ && $ca !~ /(?:\)|!|~|\*|-|\&|\||\+\+|\-\-|\{)$/) {
2212 ERROR("space required before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2213 }
2214 if ($op eq '*' && $cc =~/\s*$Modifier\b/) {
2215 # A unary '*' may be const
2216
2217 } elsif ($ctx =~ /.xW/) {
2218 ERROR("space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2219 }
2220
2221 # unary ++ and unary -- are allowed no space on one side.
2222 } elsif ($op eq '++' or $op eq '--') {
2223 if ($ctx !~ /[WEOBC]x[^W]/ && $ctx !~ /[^W]x[WOBEC]/) {
2224 ERROR("space required one side of that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2225 }
2226 if ($ctx =~ /Wx[BE]/ ||
2227 ($ctx =~ /Wx./ && $cc =~ /^;/)) {
2228 ERROR("space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2229 }
2230 if ($ctx =~ /ExW/) {
2231 ERROR("space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2232 }
2233
2234 # A colon needs no spaces before when it is
2235 # terminating a case value or a label.
2236 } elsif ($opv eq ':C' || $opv eq ':L') {
2237 if ($ctx =~ /Wx./) {
2238 ERROR("space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2239 }
2240
2241 # All the others need spaces both sides.
2242 } elsif ($ctx !~ /[EWC]x[CWE]/) {
2243 my $ok = 0;
2244
2245 if ($realfile =~ /\.cpp|\.h$/) {
2246 # Ignore template arguments <...> in C++
2247 if (($op eq '<' || $op eq '>') && $line =~ /<.*>/) {
2248 $ok = 1;
2249 }
2250
2251 # Ignore :: in C++
2252 if ($op eq '::') {
2253 $ok = 1;
2254 }
2255 }
2256
2257 # Ignore email addresses <foo@bar>
2258 if (($op eq '<' &&
2259 $cc =~ /^\S+\@\S+>/) ||
2260 ($op eq '>' &&
2261 $ca =~ /<\S+\@\S+$/))
2262 {
2263 $ok = 1;
2264 }
2265
2266 # Ignore ?:
2267 if (($opv eq ':O' && $ca =~ /\?$/) ||
2268 ($op eq '?' && $cc =~ /^:/)) {
2269 $ok = 1;
2270 }
2271
2272 if ($ok == 0) {
2273 ERROR("spaces required around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2274 }
2275 }
2276 $off += length($elements[$n + 1]);
2277 }
2278 }
2279
2280 #need space before brace following if, while, etc
2281 if (($line =~ /\(.*\)\{/ && $line !~ /\($Type\)\{/) ||
2282 $line =~ /do\{/) {
2283 ERROR("space required before the open brace '{'\n" . $herecurr);
2284 }
2285
2286 # closing brace should have a space following it when it has anything
2287 # on the line
2288 if ($line =~ /}(?!(?:,|;|\)))\S/) {
2289 ERROR("space required after that close brace '}'\n" . $herecurr);
2290 }
2291
2292 # check spacing on square brackets
2293 if ($line =~ /\[\s/ && $line !~ /\[\s*$/) {
2294 ERROR("space prohibited after that open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2295 }
2296 if ($line =~ /\s\]/) {
2297 ERROR("space prohibited before that close square bracket ']'\n" . $herecurr);
2298 }
2299
2300 # check spacing on parentheses
2301 if ($line =~ /\(\s/ && $line !~ /\(\s*(?:\\)?$/ &&
2302 $line !~ /for\s*\(\s+;/) {
2303 ERROR("space prohibited after that open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2304 }
2305 if ($line =~ /(\s+)\)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\)/ &&
2306 $line !~ /for\s*\(.*;\s+\)/ &&
2307 $line !~ /:\s+\)/) {
2308 ERROR("space prohibited before that close parenthesis ')'\n" . $herecurr);
2309 }
2310
2311 # Return is not a function.
2312 if (defined($stat) && $stat =~ /^.\s*return(\s*)(\(.*);/s) {
2313 my $spacing = $1;
2314 my $value = $2;
2315
2316 # Flatten any parentheses
2317 $value =~ s/\(/ \(/g;
2318 $value =~ s/\)/\) /g;
2319 while ($value =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/ ||
2320 $value !~ /(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*
2321 $Compare\s*
2322 (?:$Ident|-?$Constant)/x &&
2323 $value =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/) {
2324 }
2325 #print "value<$value>\n";
2326 if ($value =~ /^\s*(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*$/ &&
2327 $line =~ /;$/) {
2328 ERROR("return is not a function, parentheses are not required\n" . $herecurr);
2329
2330 } elsif ($spacing !~ /\s+/) {
2331 ERROR("space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2332 }
2333 }
2334 # Return of what appears to be an errno should normally be -'ve
2335 if ($line =~ /^.\s*return\s*(E[A-Z]*)\s*;/) {
2336 my $name = $1;
2337 if ($name ne 'EOF' && $name ne 'ERROR') {
2338 ERROR("return of an errno should typically be -ve (return -$1)\n" . $herecurr);
2339 }
2340 }
2341
2342 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(Q(?:S?LIST|SIMPLEQ|TAILQ)_HEAD)\s*\(\s*[^,]/ &&
2343 $line !~ /^.typedef/) {
2344 ERROR("named $1 should be typedefed separately\n" . $herecurr);
2345 }
2346
2347 # Need a space before open parenthesis after if, while etc
2348 if ($line=~/\b(if|while|for|switch)\(/) {
2349 ERROR("space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2350 }
2351
2352 # Check for illegal assignment in if conditional -- and check for trailing
2353 # statements after the conditional.
2354 if ($line =~ /do\s*(?!{)/) {
2355 my ($stat_next) = ctx_statement_block($line_nr_next,
2356 $remain_next, $off_next);
2357 $stat_next =~ s/\n./\n /g;
2358 ##print "stat<$stat> stat_next<$stat_next>\n";
2359
2360 if ($stat_next =~ /^\s*while\b/) {
2361 # If the statement carries leading newlines,
2362 # then count those as offsets.
2363 my ($whitespace) =
2364 ($stat_next =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2365 my $offset =
2366 statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2367
2368 $suppress_whiletrailers{$line_nr_next +
2369 $offset} = 1;
2370 }
2371 }
2372 if (!defined $suppress_whiletrailers{$linenr} &&
2373 $line =~ /\b(?:if|while|for)\s*\(/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/) {
2374 my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
2375
2376 if ($c =~ /\bif\s*\(.*[^<>!=]=[^=].*/s) {
2377 ERROR("do not use assignment in if condition\n" . $herecurr);
2378 }
2379
2380 # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2381 # conditional.
2382 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2383 $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2384 $s =~ s/$;//g; # Remove any comments
2385 if (length($c) && $s !~ /^\s*{?\s*\\*\s*$/ &&
2386 $c !~ /}\s*while\s*/)
2387 {
2388 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
2389 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
2390 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
2391 my $stat_real = '';
2392
2393 $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines)
2394 . "\n" if ($cond_lines);
2395 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
2396 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2397 }
2398
2399 ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr . $stat_real);
2400 }
2401 }
2402
2403 # Check for bitwise tests written as boolean
2404 if ($line =~ /
2405 (?:
2406 (?:\[|\(|\&\&|\|\|)
2407 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2408 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2409 |
2410 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2411 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2412 (?:\&\&|\|\||\)|\])
2413 )/x)
2414 {
2415 ERROR("boolean test with hexadecimal, perhaps just 1 \& or \|?\n" . $herecurr);
2416 }
2417
2418 # if and else should not have general statements after it
2419 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:}\s*)?else\b(.*)/) {
2420 my $s = $1;
2421 $s =~ s/$;//g; # Remove any comments
2422 if ($s !~ /^\s*(?:\sif|(?:{|)\s*\\?\s*$)/) {
2423 ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2424 }
2425 }
2426 # if should not continue a brace
2427 if ($line =~ /}\s*if\b/) {
2428 ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" .
2429 $herecurr);
2430 }
2431 # case and default should not have general statements after them
2432 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:case\s*.*|default\s*):/g &&
2433 $line !~ /\G(?:
2434 (?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*{)?(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*\\)?\s*$|
2435 \s*return\s+
2436 )/xg)
2437 {
2438 ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2439 }
2440
2441 # Check for }<nl>else {, these must be at the same
2442 # indent level to be relevant to each other.
2443 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*else\s*/ and
2444 $previndent == $indent) {
2445 ERROR("else should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2446 }
2447
2448 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*while\s*/ and
2449 $previndent == $indent) {
2450 my ($s, $c) = ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
2451
2452 # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2453 # conditional.
2454 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2455 $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2456
2457 if ($s =~ /^\s*;/) {
2458 ERROR("while should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2459 }
2460 }
2461
2462 #studly caps, commented out until figure out how to distinguish between use of existing and adding new
2463 # if (($line=~/[\w_][a-z\d]+[A-Z]/) and !($line=~/print/)) {
2464 # print "No studly caps, use _\n";
2465 # print "$herecurr";
2466 # $clean = 0;
2467 # }
2468
2469 #no spaces allowed after \ in define
2470 if ($line=~/\#\s*define.*\\\s$/) {
2471 ERROR("Whitespace after \\ makes next lines useless\n" . $herecurr);
2472 }
2473
2474 # multi-statement macros should be enclosed in a do while loop, grab the
2475 # first statement and ensure its the whole macro if its not enclosed
2476 # in a known good container
2477 if ($realfile !~ m@/vmlinux.lds.h$@ &&
2478 $line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$Ident(\()?/) {
2479 my $ln = $linenr;
2480 my $cnt = $realcnt;
2481 my ($off, $dstat, $dcond, $rest);
2482 my $ctx = '';
2483
2484 my $args = defined($1);
2485
2486 # Find the end of the macro and limit our statement
2487 # search to that.
2488 while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1] &&
2489 $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^(?:-|..*\\$)/)
2490 {
2491 $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1] . "\n";
2492 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
2493 $ln++;
2494 }
2495 $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1];
2496
2497 ($dstat, $dcond, $ln, $cnt, $off) =
2498 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $ln - $linenr + 1, 0);
2499 #print "dstat<$dstat> dcond<$dcond> cnt<$cnt> off<$off>\n";
2500 #print "LINE<$lines[$ln-1]> len<" . length($lines[$ln-1]) . "\n";
2501
2502 # Extract the remainder of the define (if any) and
2503 # rip off surrounding spaces, and trailing \'s.
2504 $rest = '';
2505 while ($off != 0 || ($cnt > 0 && $rest =~ /\\\s*$/)) {
2506 #print "ADDING cnt<$cnt> $off <" . substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "> rest<$rest>\n";
2507 if ($off != 0 || $lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/) {
2508 $rest .= substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "\n";
2509 $cnt--;
2510 }
2511 $ln++;
2512 $off = 0;
2513 }
2514 $rest =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2515 $rest =~ s/^\s*//s;
2516 $rest =~ s/\s*$//s;
2517
2518 # Clean up the original statement.
2519 if ($args) {
2520 substr($dstat, 0, length($dcond), '');
2521 } else {
2522 $dstat =~ s/^.\s*\#\s*define\s+$Ident\s*//;
2523 }
2524 $dstat =~ s/$;//g;
2525 $dstat =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2526 $dstat =~ s/^\s*//s;
2527 $dstat =~ s/\s*$//s;
2528
2529 # Flatten any parentheses and braces
2530 while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/ ||
2531 $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1/ ||
2532 $dstat =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/)
2533 {
2534 }
2535
2536 my $exceptions = qr{
2537 $Declare|
2538 module_param_named|
2539 MODULE_PARAM_DESC|
2540 DECLARE_PER_CPU|
2541 DEFINE_PER_CPU|
2542 __typeof__\(|
2543 union|
2544 struct|
2545 \.$Ident\s*=\s*|
2546 ^\"|\"$
2547 }x;
2548 #print "REST<$rest> dstat<$dstat> ctx<$ctx>\n";
2549 if ($rest ne '' && $rest ne ',') {
2550 if ($rest !~ /while\s*\(/ &&
2551 $dstat !~ /$exceptions/)
2552 {
2553 ERROR("Macros with multiple statements should be enclosed in a do - while loop\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2554 }
2555
2556 } elsif ($ctx !~ /;/) {
2557 if ($dstat ne '' &&
2558 $dstat !~ /^(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)$/ &&
2559 $dstat !~ /$exceptions/ &&
2560 $dstat !~ /^\.$Ident\s*=/ &&
2561 $dstat =~ /$Operators/)
2562 {
2563 ERROR("Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parenthesis\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2564 }
2565 }
2566 }
2567
2568 # check for missing bracing around if etc
2569 if ($line =~ /(^.*)\b(?:if|while|for)\b/ &&
2570 $line !~ /\#\s*if/) {
2571 my $allowed = 0;
2572
2573 # Check the pre-context.
2574 if ($line =~ /(\}.*?)$/) {
2575 my $pre = $1;
2576
2577 if ($line !~ /else/) {
2578 print "APW: ALLOWED: pre<$pre> line<$line>\n"
2579 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2580 $allowed = 1;
2581 }
2582 }
2583 my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
2584 ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, 1);
2585 if ($dbg_adv_apw) {
2586 print "APW: chunks<$#chunks> linenr<$linenr> endln<$endln> level<$level>\n";
2587 print "APW: <<$chunks[1][0]>><<$chunks[1][1]>>\n"
2588 if $#chunks >= 1;
2589 }
2590 if ($#chunks >= 0 && $level == 0) {
2591 my $seen = 0;
2592 my $herectx = $here . "\n";
2593 my $ln = $linenr - 1;
2594 for my $chunk (@chunks) {
2595 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunk};
2596
2597 # If the condition carries leading newlines, then count those as offsets.
2598 my ($whitespace) = ($cond =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2599 my $offset = statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2600
2601 #print "COND<$cond> whitespace<$whitespace> offset<$offset>\n";
2602
2603 # We have looked at and allowed this specific line.
2604 $suppress_ifbraces{$ln + $offset} = 1;
2605
2606 $herectx .= "$rawlines[$ln + $offset]\n[...]\n";
2607 $ln += statement_rawlines($block) - 1;
2608
2609 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2610
2611 my $spaced_block = $block;
2612 $spaced_block =~ s/\n\+/ /g;
2613
2614 $seen++ if ($spaced_block =~ /^\s*\{/);
2615
2616 print "APW: cond<$cond> block<$block> allowed<$allowed>\n"
2617 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2618 if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2619 print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n"
2620 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2621 $allowed = 1;
2622 }
2623 if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2624 print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n"
2625 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2626 $allowed = 1;
2627 }
2628 if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2629 print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n"
2630 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2631 $allowed = 1;
2632 }
2633 }
2634 if ($seen != ($#chunks + 1) && !$allowed) {
2635 ERROR("braces {} are necessary for all arms of this statement\n" . $herectx);
2636 }
2637 }
2638 }
2639 if (!defined $suppress_ifbraces{$linenr - 1} &&
2640 $line =~ /\b(if|while|for|else)\b/ &&
2641 $line !~ /\#\s*if/ &&
2642 $line !~ /\#\s*else/) {
2643 my $allowed = 0;
2644
2645 # Check the pre-context.
2646 if (substr($line, 0, $-[0]) =~ /(\}\s*)$/) {
2647 my $pre = $1;
2648
2649 if ($line !~ /else/) {
2650 print "APW: ALLOWED: pre<$pre> line<$line>\n"
2651 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2652 $allowed = 1;
2653 }
2654 }
2655
2656 my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
2657 ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, $-[0]);
2658
2659 # Check the condition.
2660 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[0]};
2661 print "CHECKING<$linenr> cond<$cond> block<$block>\n"
2662 if $dbg_adv_checking;
2663 if (defined $cond) {
2664 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2665 }
2666 if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2667 print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n"
2668 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2669 $allowed = 1;
2670 }
2671 if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2672 print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n"
2673 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2674 $allowed = 1;
2675 }
2676 if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2677 print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n"
2678 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2679 $allowed = 1;
2680 }
2681 # Check the post-context.
2682 if (defined $chunks[1]) {
2683 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[1]};
2684 if (defined $cond) {
2685 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2686 }
2687 if ($block =~ /^\s*\{/) {
2688 print "APW: ALLOWED: chunk-1 block<$block>\n"
2689 if $dbg_adv_apw;
2690 $allowed = 1;
2691 }
2692 }
2693 print "DCS: level=$level block<$block> allowed=$allowed\n"
2694 if $dbg_adv_dcs;
2695 if ($level == 0 && $block !~ /^\s*\{/ && !$allowed) {
2696 my $herectx = $here . "\n";;
2697 my $cnt = statement_rawlines($block);
2698
2699 for (my $n = 0; $n < $cnt; $n++) {
2700 $herectx .= raw_line($linenr, $n) . "\n";;
2701 }
2702
2703 ERROR("braces {} are necessary even for single statement blocks\n" . $herectx);
2704 }
2705 }
2706
2707 # no volatiles please
2708 my $asm_volatile = qr{\b(__asm__|asm)\s+(__volatile__|volatile)\b};
2709 if ($line =~ /\bvolatile\b/ && $line !~ /$asm_volatile/ &&
2710 $line !~ /sig_atomic_t/ &&
2711 !ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
2712 my $msg = "Use of volatile is usually wrong, please add a comment\n" . $herecurr;
2713 ERROR($msg);
2714 }
2715
2716 # warn about #if 0
2717 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if\s+0\b/) {
2718 ERROR("if this code is redundant consider removing it\n" .
2719 $herecurr);
2720 }
2721
2722 # check for needless g_free() checks
2723 if ($prevline =~ /\bif\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
2724 my $expr = $1;
2725 if ($line =~ /\bg_free\(\Q$expr\E\);/) {
2726 ERROR("g_free(NULL) is safe this check is probably not required\n" . $hereprev);
2727 }
2728 }
2729
2730 # warn about #ifdefs in C files
2731 # if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if(|n)def/ && ($realfile =~ /\.c$/)) {
2732 # print "#ifdef in C files should be avoided\n";
2733 # print "$herecurr";
2734 # $clean = 0;
2735 # }
2736
2737 # warn about spacing in #ifdefs
2738 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(ifdef|ifndef|elif)\s\s+/) {
2739 ERROR("exactly one space required after that #$1\n" . $herecurr);
2740 }
2741 # check for memory barriers without a comment.
2742 if ($line =~ /\b(smp_mb|smp_rmb|smp_wmb|smp_read_barrier_depends)\(/) {
2743 if (!ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
2744 ERROR("memory barrier without comment\n" . $herecurr);
2745 }
2746 }
2747 # check of hardware specific defines
2748 # we have e.g. CONFIG_LINUX and CONFIG_WIN32 for common cases
2749 # where they might be necessary.
2750 if ($line =~ m@^.\s*\#\s*if.*\b__@) {
2751 WARN("architecture specific defines should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2752 }
2753
2754 # Check that the storage class is at the beginning of a declaration
2755 if ($line =~ /\b$Storage\b/ && $line !~ /^.\s*$Storage\b/) {
2756 ERROR("storage class should be at the beginning of the declaration\n" . $herecurr)
2757 }
2758
2759 # check the location of the inline attribute, that it is between
2760 # storage class and type.
2761 if ($line =~ /\b$Type\s+$Inline\b/ ||
2762 $line =~ /\b$Inline\s+$Storage\b/) {
2763 ERROR("inline keyword should sit between storage class and type\n" . $herecurr);
2764 }
2765
2766 # check for sizeof(&)
2767 if ($line =~ /\bsizeof\s*\(\s*\&/) {
2768 ERROR("sizeof(& should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2769 }
2770
2771 # check for new externs in .c files.
2772 if ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
2773 $stat =~ /^.\s*(?:extern\s+)?$Type\s+($Ident)(\s*)\(/s)
2774 {
2775 my $function_name = $1;
2776 my $paren_space = $2;
2777
2778 my $s = $stat;
2779 if (defined $cond) {
2780 substr($s, 0, length($cond), '');
2781 }
2782 if ($s =~ /^\s*;/ &&
2783 $function_name ne 'uninitialized_var')
2784 {
2785 ERROR("externs should be avoided in .c files\n" . $herecurr);
2786 }
2787
2788 if ($paren_space =~ /\n/) {
2789 ERROR("arguments for function declarations should follow identifier\n" . $herecurr);
2790 }
2791
2792 } elsif ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
2793 $stat =~ /^.\s*extern\s+/)
2794 {
2795 ERROR("externs should be avoided in .c files\n" . $herecurr);
2796 }
2797
2798 # check for pointless casting of g_malloc return
2799 if ($line =~ /\*\s*\)\s*g_(try)?(m|re)alloc(0?)(_n)?\b/) {
2800 if ($2 == 'm') {
2801 ERROR("unnecessary cast may hide bugs, use g_$1new$3 instead\n" . $herecurr);
2802 } else {
2803 ERROR("unnecessary cast may hide bugs, use g_$1renew$3 instead\n" . $herecurr);
2804 }
2805 }
2806
2807 # check for gcc specific __FUNCTION__
2808 if ($line =~ /__FUNCTION__/) {
2809 ERROR("__func__ should be used instead of gcc specific __FUNCTION__\n" . $herecurr);
2810 }
2811
2812 # recommend g_path_get_* over g_strdup(basename/dirname(...))
2813 if ($line =~ /\bg_strdup\s*\(\s*(basename|dirname)\s*\(/) {
2814 WARN("consider using g_path_get_$1() in preference to g_strdup($1())\n" . $herecurr);
2815 }
2816
2817 # recommend qemu_strto* over strto* for numeric conversions
2818 if ($line =~ /\b(strto[^kd].*?)\s*\(/) {
2819 ERROR("consider using qemu_$1 in preference to $1\n" . $herecurr);
2820 }
2821 # recommend sigaction over signal for portability, when establishing a handler
2822 if ($line =~ /\bsignal\s*\(/ && !($line =~ /SIG_(?:IGN|DFL)/)) {
2823 ERROR("use sigaction to establish signal handlers; signal is not portable\n" . $herecurr);
2824 }
2825 # check for module_init(), use category-specific init macros explicitly please
2826 if ($line =~ /^module_init\s*\(/) {
2827 ERROR("please use block_init(), type_init() etc. instead of module_init()\n" . $herecurr);
2828 }
2829 # check for various ops structs, ensure they are const.
2830 my $struct_ops = qr{AIOCBInfo|
2831 BdrvActionOps|
2832 BlockDevOps|
2833 BlockJobDriver|
2834 DisplayChangeListenerOps|
2835 GraphicHwOps|
2836 IDEDMAOps|
2837 KVMCapabilityInfo|
2838 MemoryRegionIOMMUOps|
2839 MemoryRegionOps|
2840 MemoryRegionPortio|
2841 QEMUFileOps|
2842 SCSIBusInfo|
2843 SCSIReqOps|
2844 Spice[A-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*Interface|
2845 USBDesc[A-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*|
2846 VhostOps|
2847 VMStateDescription|
2848 VMStateInfo}x;
2849 if ($line !~ /\bconst\b/ &&
2850 $line =~ /\b($struct_ops)\b.*=/) {
2851 ERROR("initializer for struct $1 should normally be const\n" .
2852 $herecurr);
2853 }
2854
2855 # check for %L{u,d,i} in strings
2856 my $string;
2857 while ($line =~ /(?:^|")([X\t]*)(?:"|$)/g) {
2858 $string = substr($rawline, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1]);
2859 $string =~ s/%%/__/g;
2860 if ($string =~ /(?<!%)%L[udi]/) {
2861 ERROR("\%Ld/%Lu are not-standard C, use %lld/%llu\n" . $herecurr);
2862 last;
2863 }
2864 }
2865
2866 # QEMU specific tests
2867 if ($rawline =~ /\b(?:Qemu|QEmu)\b/) {
2868 ERROR("use QEMU instead of Qemu or QEmu\n" . $herecurr);
2869 }
2870
2871 # Qemu error function tests
2872
2873 # Find newlines in error messages
2874 my $qemu_error_funcs = qr{error_setg|
2875 error_setg_errno|
2876 error_setg_win32|
2877 error_setg_file_open|
2878 error_set|
2879 error_prepend|
2880 warn_reportf_err|
2881 error_reportf_err|
2882 error_vreport|
2883 warn_vreport|
2884 info_vreport|
2885 error_report|
2886 warn_report|
2887 info_report|
2888 g_test_message