migration: increase max-bandwidth to 128 MiB/s (1 Gib/s)
[qemu.git] / target / arm / pauth_helper.c
1 /*
2 * ARM v8.3-PAuth Operations
3 *
4 * Copyright (c) 2019 Linaro, Ltd.
5 *
6 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10 *
11 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
15 *
16 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17 * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
18 */
19
20 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
21 #include "cpu.h"
22 #include "internals.h"
23 #include "exec/exec-all.h"
24 #include "exec/cpu_ldst.h"
25 #include "exec/helper-proto.h"
26 #include "tcg/tcg-gvec-desc.h"
27
28
29 static uint64_t pac_cell_shuffle(uint64_t i)
30 {
31 uint64_t o = 0;
32
33 o |= extract64(i, 52, 4);
34 o |= extract64(i, 24, 4) << 4;
35 o |= extract64(i, 44, 4) << 8;
36 o |= extract64(i, 0, 4) << 12;
37
38 o |= extract64(i, 28, 4) << 16;
39 o |= extract64(i, 48, 4) << 20;
40 o |= extract64(i, 4, 4) << 24;
41 o |= extract64(i, 40, 4) << 28;
42
43 o |= extract64(i, 32, 4) << 32;
44 o |= extract64(i, 12, 4) << 36;
45 o |= extract64(i, 56, 4) << 40;
46 o |= extract64(i, 20, 4) << 44;
47
48 o |= extract64(i, 8, 4) << 48;
49 o |= extract64(i, 36, 4) << 52;
50 o |= extract64(i, 16, 4) << 56;
51 o |= extract64(i, 60, 4) << 60;
52
53 return o;
54 }
55
56 static uint64_t pac_cell_inv_shuffle(uint64_t i)
57 {
58 uint64_t o = 0;
59
60 o |= extract64(i, 12, 4);
61 o |= extract64(i, 24, 4) << 4;
62 o |= extract64(i, 48, 4) << 8;
63 o |= extract64(i, 36, 4) << 12;
64
65 o |= extract64(i, 56, 4) << 16;
66 o |= extract64(i, 44, 4) << 20;
67 o |= extract64(i, 4, 4) << 24;
68 o |= extract64(i, 16, 4) << 28;
69
70 o |= i & MAKE_64BIT_MASK(32, 4);
71 o |= extract64(i, 52, 4) << 36;
72 o |= extract64(i, 28, 4) << 40;
73 o |= extract64(i, 8, 4) << 44;
74
75 o |= extract64(i, 20, 4) << 48;
76 o |= extract64(i, 0, 4) << 52;
77 o |= extract64(i, 40, 4) << 56;
78 o |= i & MAKE_64BIT_MASK(60, 4);
79
80 return o;
81 }
82
83 static uint64_t pac_sub(uint64_t i)
84 {
85 static const uint8_t sub[16] = {
86 0xb, 0x6, 0x8, 0xf, 0xc, 0x0, 0x9, 0xe,
87 0x3, 0x7, 0x4, 0x5, 0xd, 0x2, 0x1, 0xa,
88 };
89 uint64_t o = 0;
90 int b;
91
92 for (b = 0; b < 64; b += 4) {
93 o |= (uint64_t)sub[(i >> b) & 0xf] << b;
94 }
95 return o;
96 }
97
98 static uint64_t pac_inv_sub(uint64_t i)
99 {
100 static const uint8_t inv_sub[16] = {
101 0x5, 0xe, 0xd, 0x8, 0xa, 0xb, 0x1, 0x9,
102 0x2, 0x6, 0xf, 0x0, 0x4, 0xc, 0x7, 0x3,
103 };
104 uint64_t o = 0;
105 int b;
106
107 for (b = 0; b < 64; b += 4) {
108 o |= (uint64_t)inv_sub[(i >> b) & 0xf] << b;
109 }
110 return o;
111 }
112
113 static int rot_cell(int cell, int n)
114 {
115 /* 4-bit rotate left by n. */
116 cell |= cell << 4;
117 return extract32(cell, 4 - n, 4);
118 }
119
120 static uint64_t pac_mult(uint64_t i)
121 {
122 uint64_t o = 0;
123 int b;
124
125 for (b = 0; b < 4 * 4; b += 4) {
126 int i0, i4, i8, ic, t0, t1, t2, t3;
127
128 i0 = extract64(i, b, 4);
129 i4 = extract64(i, b + 4 * 4, 4);
130 i8 = extract64(i, b + 8 * 4, 4);
131 ic = extract64(i, b + 12 * 4, 4);
132
133 t0 = rot_cell(i8, 1) ^ rot_cell(i4, 2) ^ rot_cell(i0, 1);
134 t1 = rot_cell(ic, 1) ^ rot_cell(i4, 1) ^ rot_cell(i0, 2);
135 t2 = rot_cell(ic, 2) ^ rot_cell(i8, 1) ^ rot_cell(i0, 1);
136 t3 = rot_cell(ic, 1) ^ rot_cell(i8, 2) ^ rot_cell(i4, 1);
137
138 o |= (uint64_t)t3 << b;
139 o |= (uint64_t)t2 << (b + 4 * 4);
140 o |= (uint64_t)t1 << (b + 8 * 4);
141 o |= (uint64_t)t0 << (b + 12 * 4);
142 }
143 return o;
144 }
145
146 static uint64_t tweak_cell_rot(uint64_t cell)
147 {
148 return (cell >> 1) | (((cell ^ (cell >> 1)) & 1) << 3);
149 }
150
151 static uint64_t tweak_shuffle(uint64_t i)
152 {
153 uint64_t o = 0;
154
155 o |= extract64(i, 16, 4) << 0;
156 o |= extract64(i, 20, 4) << 4;
157 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 24, 4)) << 8;
158 o |= extract64(i, 28, 4) << 12;
159
160 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 44, 4)) << 16;
161 o |= extract64(i, 8, 4) << 20;
162 o |= extract64(i, 12, 4) << 24;
163 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 32, 4)) << 28;
164
165 o |= extract64(i, 48, 4) << 32;
166 o |= extract64(i, 52, 4) << 36;
167 o |= extract64(i, 56, 4) << 40;
168 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 60, 4)) << 44;
169
170 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 0, 4)) << 48;
171 o |= extract64(i, 4, 4) << 52;
172 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 40, 4)) << 56;
173 o |= tweak_cell_rot(extract64(i, 36, 4)) << 60;
174
175 return o;
176 }
177
178 static uint64_t tweak_cell_inv_rot(uint64_t cell)
179 {
180 return ((cell << 1) & 0xf) | ((cell & 1) ^ (cell >> 3));
181 }
182
183 static uint64_t tweak_inv_shuffle(uint64_t i)
184 {
185 uint64_t o = 0;
186
187 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 48, 4));
188 o |= extract64(i, 52, 4) << 4;
189 o |= extract64(i, 20, 4) << 8;
190 o |= extract64(i, 24, 4) << 12;
191
192 o |= extract64(i, 0, 4) << 16;
193 o |= extract64(i, 4, 4) << 20;
194 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 8, 4)) << 24;
195 o |= extract64(i, 12, 4) << 28;
196
197 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 28, 4)) << 32;
198 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 60, 4)) << 36;
199 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 56, 4)) << 40;
200 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 16, 4)) << 44;
201
202 o |= extract64(i, 32, 4) << 48;
203 o |= extract64(i, 36, 4) << 52;
204 o |= extract64(i, 40, 4) << 56;
205 o |= tweak_cell_inv_rot(extract64(i, 44, 4)) << 60;
206
207 return o;
208 }
209
210 static uint64_t pauth_computepac(uint64_t data, uint64_t modifier,
211 ARMPACKey key)
212 {
213 static const uint64_t RC[5] = {
214 0x0000000000000000ull,
215 0x13198A2E03707344ull,
216 0xA4093822299F31D0ull,
217 0x082EFA98EC4E6C89ull,
218 0x452821E638D01377ull,
219 };
220 const uint64_t alpha = 0xC0AC29B7C97C50DDull;
221 /*
222 * Note that in the ARM pseudocode, key0 contains bits <127:64>
223 * and key1 contains bits <63:0> of the 128-bit key.
224 */
225 uint64_t key0 = key.hi, key1 = key.lo;
226 uint64_t workingval, runningmod, roundkey, modk0;
227 int i;
228
229 modk0 = (key0 << 63) | ((key0 >> 1) ^ (key0 >> 63));
230 runningmod = modifier;
231 workingval = data ^ key0;
232
233 for (i = 0; i <= 4; ++i) {
234 roundkey = key1 ^ runningmod;
235 workingval ^= roundkey;
236 workingval ^= RC[i];
237 if (i > 0) {
238 workingval = pac_cell_shuffle(workingval);
239 workingval = pac_mult(workingval);
240 }
241 workingval = pac_sub(workingval);
242 runningmod = tweak_shuffle(runningmod);
243 }
244 roundkey = modk0 ^ runningmod;
245 workingval ^= roundkey;
246 workingval = pac_cell_shuffle(workingval);
247 workingval = pac_mult(workingval);
248 workingval = pac_sub(workingval);
249 workingval = pac_cell_shuffle(workingval);
250 workingval = pac_mult(workingval);
251 workingval ^= key1;
252 workingval = pac_cell_inv_shuffle(workingval);
253 workingval = pac_inv_sub(workingval);
254 workingval = pac_mult(workingval);
255 workingval = pac_cell_inv_shuffle(workingval);
256 workingval ^= key0;
257 workingval ^= runningmod;
258 for (i = 0; i <= 4; ++i) {
259 workingval = pac_inv_sub(workingval);
260 if (i < 4) {
261 workingval = pac_mult(workingval);
262 workingval = pac_cell_inv_shuffle(workingval);
263 }
264 runningmod = tweak_inv_shuffle(runningmod);
265 roundkey = key1 ^ runningmod;
266 workingval ^= RC[4 - i];
267 workingval ^= roundkey;
268 workingval ^= alpha;
269 }
270 workingval ^= modk0;
271
272 return workingval;
273 }
274
275 static uint64_t pauth_addpac(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t ptr, uint64_t modifier,
276 ARMPACKey *key, bool data)
277 {
278 ARMMMUIdx mmu_idx = arm_stage1_mmu_idx(env);
279 ARMVAParameters param = aa64_va_parameters(env, ptr, mmu_idx, data);
280 uint64_t pac, ext_ptr, ext, test;
281 int bot_bit, top_bit;
282
283 /* If tagged pointers are in use, use ptr<55>, otherwise ptr<63>. */
284 if (param.tbi) {
285 ext = sextract64(ptr, 55, 1);
286 } else {
287 ext = sextract64(ptr, 63, 1);
288 }
289
290 /* Build a pointer with known good extension bits. */
291 top_bit = 64 - 8 * param.tbi;
292 bot_bit = 64 - param.tsz;
293 ext_ptr = deposit64(ptr, bot_bit, top_bit - bot_bit, ext);
294
295 pac = pauth_computepac(ext_ptr, modifier, *key);
296
297 /*
298 * Check if the ptr has good extension bits and corrupt the
299 * pointer authentication code if not.
300 */
301 test = sextract64(ptr, bot_bit, top_bit - bot_bit);
302 if (test != 0 && test != -1) {
303 /*
304 * Note that our top_bit is one greater than the pseudocode's
305 * version, hence "- 2" here.
306 */
307 pac ^= MAKE_64BIT_MASK(top_bit - 2, 1);
308 }
309
310 /*
311 * Preserve the determination between upper and lower at bit 55,
312 * and insert pointer authentication code.
313 */
314 if (param.tbi) {
315 ptr &= ~MAKE_64BIT_MASK(bot_bit, 55 - bot_bit + 1);
316 pac &= MAKE_64BIT_MASK(bot_bit, 54 - bot_bit + 1);
317 } else {
318 ptr &= MAKE_64BIT_MASK(0, bot_bit);
319 pac &= ~(MAKE_64BIT_MASK(55, 1) | MAKE_64BIT_MASK(0, bot_bit));
320 }
321 ext &= MAKE_64BIT_MASK(55, 1);
322 return pac | ext | ptr;
323 }
324
325 static uint64_t pauth_original_ptr(uint64_t ptr, ARMVAParameters param)
326 {
327 /* Note that bit 55 is used whether or not the regime has 2 ranges. */
328 uint64_t extfield = sextract64(ptr, 55, 1);
329 int bot_pac_bit = 64 - param.tsz;
330 int top_pac_bit = 64 - 8 * param.tbi;
331
332 return deposit64(ptr, bot_pac_bit, top_pac_bit - bot_pac_bit, extfield);
333 }
334
335 static uint64_t pauth_auth(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t ptr, uint64_t modifier,
336 ARMPACKey *key, bool data, int keynumber)
337 {
338 ARMMMUIdx mmu_idx = arm_stage1_mmu_idx(env);
339 ARMVAParameters param = aa64_va_parameters(env, ptr, mmu_idx, data);
340 int bot_bit, top_bit;
341 uint64_t pac, orig_ptr, test;
342
343 orig_ptr = pauth_original_ptr(ptr, param);
344 pac = pauth_computepac(orig_ptr, modifier, *key);
345 bot_bit = 64 - param.tsz;
346 top_bit = 64 - 8 * param.tbi;
347
348 test = (pac ^ ptr) & ~MAKE_64BIT_MASK(55, 1);
349 if (unlikely(extract64(test, bot_bit, top_bit - bot_bit))) {
350 int error_code = (keynumber << 1) | (keynumber ^ 1);
351 if (param.tbi) {
352 return deposit64(orig_ptr, 53, 2, error_code);
353 } else {
354 return deposit64(orig_ptr, 61, 2, error_code);
355 }
356 }
357 return orig_ptr;
358 }
359
360 static uint64_t pauth_strip(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t ptr, bool data)
361 {
362 ARMMMUIdx mmu_idx = arm_stage1_mmu_idx(env);
363 ARMVAParameters param = aa64_va_parameters(env, ptr, mmu_idx, data);
364
365 return pauth_original_ptr(ptr, param);
366 }
367
368 static void QEMU_NORETURN pauth_trap(CPUARMState *env, int target_el,
369 uintptr_t ra)
370 {
371 raise_exception_ra(env, EXCP_UDEF, syn_pactrap(), target_el, ra);
372 }
373
374 static void pauth_check_trap(CPUARMState *env, int el, uintptr_t ra)
375 {
376 if (el < 2 && arm_feature(env, ARM_FEATURE_EL2)) {
377 uint64_t hcr = arm_hcr_el2_eff(env);
378 bool trap = !(hcr & HCR_API);
379 if (el == 0) {
380 /* Trap only applies to EL1&0 regime. */
381 trap &= (hcr & (HCR_E2H | HCR_TGE)) != (HCR_E2H | HCR_TGE);
382 }
383 /* FIXME: ARMv8.3-NV: HCR_NV trap takes precedence for ERETA[AB]. */
384 if (trap) {
385 pauth_trap(env, 2, ra);
386 }
387 }
388 if (el < 3 && arm_feature(env, ARM_FEATURE_EL3)) {
389 if (!(env->cp15.scr_el3 & SCR_API)) {
390 pauth_trap(env, 3, ra);
391 }
392 }
393 }
394
395 static bool pauth_key_enabled(CPUARMState *env, int el, uint32_t bit)
396 {
397 return (arm_sctlr(env, el) & bit) != 0;
398 }
399
400 uint64_t HELPER(pacia)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
401 {
402 int el = arm_current_el(env);
403 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnIA)) {
404 return x;
405 }
406 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
407 return pauth_addpac(env, x, y, &env->keys.apia, false);
408 }
409
410 uint64_t HELPER(pacib)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
411 {
412 int el = arm_current_el(env);
413 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnIB)) {
414 return x;
415 }
416 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
417 return pauth_addpac(env, x, y, &env->keys.apib, false);
418 }
419
420 uint64_t HELPER(pacda)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
421 {
422 int el = arm_current_el(env);
423 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnDA)) {
424 return x;
425 }
426 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
427 return pauth_addpac(env, x, y, &env->keys.apda, true);
428 }
429
430 uint64_t HELPER(pacdb)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
431 {
432 int el = arm_current_el(env);
433 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnDB)) {
434 return x;
435 }
436 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
437 return pauth_addpac(env, x, y, &env->keys.apdb, true);
438 }
439
440 uint64_t HELPER(pacga)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
441 {
442 uint64_t pac;
443
444 pauth_check_trap(env, arm_current_el(env), GETPC());
445 pac = pauth_computepac(x, y, env->keys.apga);
446
447 return pac & 0xffffffff00000000ull;
448 }
449
450 uint64_t HELPER(autia)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
451 {
452 int el = arm_current_el(env);
453 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnIA)) {
454 return x;
455 }
456 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
457 return pauth_auth(env, x, y, &env->keys.apia, false, 0);
458 }
459
460 uint64_t HELPER(autib)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
461 {
462 int el = arm_current_el(env);
463 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnIB)) {
464 return x;
465 }
466 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
467 return pauth_auth(env, x, y, &env->keys.apib, false, 1);
468 }
469
470 uint64_t HELPER(autda)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
471 {
472 int el = arm_current_el(env);
473 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnDA)) {
474 return x;
475 }
476 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
477 return pauth_auth(env, x, y, &env->keys.apda, true, 0);
478 }
479
480 uint64_t HELPER(autdb)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t x, uint64_t y)
481 {
482 int el = arm_current_el(env);
483 if (!pauth_key_enabled(env, el, SCTLR_EnDB)) {
484 return x;
485 }
486 pauth_check_trap(env, el, GETPC());
487 return pauth_auth(env, x, y, &env->keys.apdb, true, 1);
488 }
489
490 uint64_t HELPER(xpaci)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t a)
491 {
492 return pauth_strip(env, a, false);
493 }
494
495 uint64_t HELPER(xpacd)(CPUARMState *env, uint64_t a)
496 {
497 return pauth_strip(env, a, true);
498 }